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Post-Match Thread: Parma 2-2 Spezia [Serie A, Round 5]

2020.10.25 16:55 threaddo Post-Match Thread: Parma 2-2 Spezia [Serie A, Round 5]

FT: Parma 2-2 Spezia

Parma Score Spezia
0-[1] J. Chabot 28'
0-[2] K. Agudelo 31'
R. Gagliolo 34' [1]-2
J. Kucka 90'+3' (pen.) [2]-2
Date: 25/10/2020 — 15:00 CET, 10:00 EDT, 14:00 GMT, 19:30 IST
Competition: Serie A (Round 5)
Venue: Stadio Ennio Tardini (Parma)
Referee: V. Marini

Lineups

Parma Notes Spezia Notes
DLWLL DDLWL
Manager: F. Liverani Manager: V. Italiano
1 L. Sepe 94 I. Provedel
2 S. Iacoponi 19 C. Terzi
7 R. Gagliolo G 34' 7 J. Sala SUB 55'
3 G. Pezzella 20 S. Bastoni A 28'; SUB 63'
33 J. Kucka PG 90'+3' 22 J. Chabot G 28'
15 G. Brugman SUB 53' 16 P. Bartolomei
14 J. Kurtič SUB 79' 26 T. Pobega YC 6'; SUB 54'
23 Hernani YC 23'; SUB 53' 80 K. Agudelo G 31'; SUB 63'
8 A. Grassi YC 5' 10 L. Agoume
27 Y. Gervinho 18 M. N'Zola
11 A. Cornelius 11 E. Gyasi

Substitutes

Parma: W. Cyprien (SUB 53'), Y. Karamoh (SUB 53'), S. Sohm (SUB 79'; YC 90'), B. Balogh, F. Rinaldi, A. Adorante, S. Colombi, H. Nicolussi, R. Radu, A. Bane
Spezia: N. Estévez (SUB 54'), Salvador Ferrer (SUB 55'; YC 85'), D. Verde (SUB 63'), C. Dell'Orco, R. Piccoli (SUB 82'), L. Mora, Diego Farias, L. Vignali, Rafael, T. Krapikas, A. Deiola

Timeline

5': Yellow card shown to A. Grassi ( Parma).
6': Yellow card shown to T. Pobega ( Spezia).
23': Yellow card shown to Hernani ( Parma).
28': Goal! J. Chabot scores [S. Bastoni assist] — Parma 0-[1] Spezia .
31': Goal! K. Agudelo scores [M. NZola assist] — Parma 0-[2] Spezia .
34': Goal! R. Gagliolo scores — Parma [1]-2 Spezia .
53': Substitution for Parma: W. Cyprien in, G. Brugman out.
53': Substitution for Parma: Y. Karamoh in, Hernani out.
54': Substitution for Spezia: N. Estévez in, T. Pobega out.
55': Substitution for Spezia: Salvador Ferrer in, J. Sala out.
63': Substitution for Spezia: D. Verde in, K. Agudelo out.
63': Substitution for Spezia: C. DellOrco in, S. Bastoni out.
79': Substitution for Parma: S. Sohm in, J. Kurtič out.
82': Substitution for Spezia: R. Piccoli in, M. NZola out.
85': Yellow card shown to Salvador Ferrer ( Spezia).
90': Yellow card shown to S. Sohm ( Parma).
90'+3': Goal! J. Kucka scores (Penalty) — Parma [2]-2 Spezia .
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2020.10.21 17:58 Oriskana [ARMA 3] - Friday 23/10/2020 - UTC 19:00 - Hearts and Minds - session #31 - Italian job edition.

Calendar Details:2020-10-23 19:00 UTCArma 3 Hearts and Minds

Hearts and Minds is a cooperative mission that aims to recreate a post war environment. After successful revolution known as Antistasi campaign, the new Republic of Oriskania is in dire straits. A new formed group, known as "Oplitas", is againts the RoS and it is ready to fight back. Unites Nations deployed units and vehicles to help the local population.
You main task is to defeat the "Oplitas" group and restore peace and order in RoS. The militia has an unknown number of hideouts on the island that need to be destroyed. They have also ammo caches in various locations, destroy them to weaken its power.
Bad actions cause bad effects. Infact there's a reputation system: helping the local population, fighting the "Oplitas", disarming IED will rise your reputation; killing civilians, losing vehicles, respawns will decrease your reputation.
Online wiki explaining mechanisms of HnM
JIP is possible for this mission. Once you spawn in, gear up and contact your SL.
Edits from vanilla HnM
Included scripts: VCOM AI replaced with TCL; Virtual JTAC; Diwako's ragdolling (I prefer to ACE); Advanced Slingloading/ Towing, Simplex Support Script
Edits: cTAB, RAVEN UAV backpack available in limited arsenal. SSS. Only vanilla mine detector is necessary to detect IEDs and mines. Expanded Oplitas access to equipment. Implemented Boxloader support (praise Klausman). Every Crew is now capable of repairs.

INFO:

Where? PA Arma 3 Server
When? 19:00 UTC
Join the Discord!
Join the steam group!
Get the mods through our custom mod downloader, Swifty
When should I update the mods? As soon as you can, PM me with issues.
Want more info? LINK to our wiki
Recommended reading: http://ttp3.dslyecxi.com/
If you have any issues with any of them, or anything really. Do not hesitate to contact me or any of the other helpers on teamspeak. Reddit PM is the easiest way to get a hold of me.
Please take the time to watch our Orientation Video

MISSION

ingame starting time: Intel Pending
You main task is to defeat the "Oplitas" group and restore peace and order in Republic of Altis.
Time to go as Italians and boil the hell out of pasta Oplitas!
OBJECTIVES:
  1. Gather intelligence on Oplitas
  2. Help civilian population as needed.
  3. Seek and destroy Oplitas caches and hideouts.
Score:
18x Cache Destroyed!
4 / 5 Hideouts destroyed!
Uncountable number of destroyed homes and exploded IEDs
INTEL:
UN intel package suggest that Oplitas presence is now limited to western half of RoS. Only remnants remain in eastern half.
Current known Oplitas possible presence:
Intel Pending
Oplitas capabilities & Limitations:
Locals equipped with outdated bolt rifles up to modern rifles. Supported by unknown number of heavily equipped mercenaries (intel suggest payment provided by CSAT).
Enemy assets are technicals up to outdated generations of MBTs. Rare sightings of transport helicopters.

Slotting:

Use this in your slotting comment:
IGN: yournamehere SLOT: Alpha FT1 AAR
CO, squad leaders and special roles (All roles in bold letters) should join the teamspeak 30 minutes before the event starts for planning the mission.
If this is your first event with us we would also like to ask you to join 30 minutes early for a quick introduction to PA.
ROLES
  • Leaders - Please be aware you can take cTAB from the arsenal to be able to track friendly forces.
  • Interpreter - Only person to speak local language, mandatory to get any usable intel out of locals. ACE interaction with civilians
  • Adv. Engineer - Only person able to fully repair in field and defuse IEDs. (Do not use RHS mine detector, only vanilla one)
  • Engineer - Capable of light repairs and defuse IEDs. (Do not use RHS mine detector, only vanilla one)
  • Pilot - please be aware due the dynamic nature of HnM, the kind of helicopter you'll by flying will be decided during the session itself.
  • Soldiers - Note your prefered role (Rifle, AR, AT, AA, Marksman) but it may be adjusted by SL as needed
Simplex Support Script
Available for (access through self ACE interact):
All leader, 2IC roles and Pilots.
  • Artillery support:
  • 2x 155mm naval cannon
  • 1x VLS battery
  • UAV
  • 2x MQ-4A Greyhawk (6x ATGM)
  • Supplies
  • AC130 callsign Saint Nicholas - Medical crate, Spare tracks/ wheels, Vehicle Ammo/ Repai Refuel, Land Rover.
EQUIPMENT
  • AR - ARX160
  • MG - FN Minimi
  • MR - ARX200
  • AT - Spike MR
Slots
This list is not guaranteed to be up to date! Do a quick look through the comments to make sure your slot hasn't already been claimed.
You need to have played at least three events with us for all leadership and special roles like pilots or vehicle crew.
In case of no CO volunteer, UN liaison will take command
Callsign/ Role IGN
Company HQ
CO
2IC/FAC EmmaK
Liaison Officer for UN Oriskana
Comrade Company Combat Medic Stalin
HUMINT detachment Intel gathering
SL/ Interpreter
Interpreter
Engineering detachment Defusal, Repair, Recovery and Logistic tasks
SL/ Adv. Engineer
Engineer LoveGrace
Engineer
1st PltHQ
1Plt CO
1Plt 2IC
1Plt Medic Klark Morrigan
Alpha Squad
Alpha SL Dave Vysoudil
Soldier Ezeki
Soldier Tetra
Soldier Vips
Soldier Rockfish00
Soldier HammerDan
Bravo Squad
Bravo SL SoL52
Soldier
Soldier
Soldier
Soldier
Soldier
Vic 01 Vehicle will be assigned as needed
Crew CO SonicCZ
Crew TomoKIN
2nd PltHQ
2Plt CO
2Plt 2IC
2Plt Medic
Charlie Squad
Charlie SL
Soldier
Soldier
Soldier
Soldier
Soldier
Delta Squad
Delta SL
Soldier
Soldier
Soldier
Soldier
Soldier
Vic 02 Vehicle will be assigned as needed
Crew CO
Crew
Pilot roles:
Transport Pilot #1 Deemo
Crew Chief #1
Transport pilot #2
Crew Chief #2
OVERFLOW In case we get more people than expected, note your preferred role in case we need backup.
Backup/ additional vic01 crew
Backup/ additional vic02 crew
Reserve:
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2020.10.18 16:56 threaddo Post-Match Thread: Spezia 2-2 Fiorentina [Serie A, Round 4]

FT: Spezia 2-2 Fiorentina

Spezia Score Fiorentina
0-[1] G. Pezzella 2'
0-[2] C. Biraghi 4'
D. Verde 39' [1]-2
Diego Farias 75' [2]-2
Date: 18/10/2020 — 15:00 CEST, 09:00 EDT, 14:00 BST, 18:30 IST
Competition: Serie A (Round 4)
Venue: Orogel Stadium-Dino Manuzzi (Cesena)
Referee: G. Manganiello

Lineups

Spezia Notes Fiorentina Notes
DLWLW DLLWW
Manager: V. Italiano Manager: G. Iachini
94 I. Provedel 69 B. Drągowski
19 C. Terzi A 39' 22 M. Cáceres
7 J. Sala SUB 64' 3 C. Biraghi A 2'; G 4'
20 S. Bastoni SUB 78' 20 G. Pezzella G 2'; SUB 71'
22 J. Chabot YC 59' 21 Pol Lirola A 4'; YC 86'
8 M. Ricci 4 N. Milenković
4 G. Acampora 7 F. Ribéry SUB 86'
27 A. Deiola YC 45'; SUB 65' 5 G. Bonaventura YC 66'; SUB 78'
11 E. Gyasi 34 S. Amrabat
31 D. Verde G 39'; SUB 65' 10 G. Castrovilli SUB 78'
91 R. Piccoli SUB 55' 9 D. Vlahović SUB 72'

Substitutes

Spezia: M. N'Zola, Salvador Ferrer (SUB 64'), K. Agudelo (SUB 65'), Diego Farias (SUB 65'; G 75'), C. Dell'Orco, L. Mora, M. Erlić, T. Krapikas, Rafael, P. Bartolomei, L. Agoume, T. Pobega
Fiorentina: Igor (SUB 71'), P. Cutrone (SUB 72'), José Callejón (SUB 78'), E. Pulgar (SUB 78'), C. Kouamé (SUB 86'), L. Venuti, A. Barreca, R. Saponara, A. Duncan, L. Martínez, F. Brancolini, P. Terracciano

Timeline

2': Goal! G. Pezzella scores [C. Biraghi assist] — Spezia 0-[1] Fiorentina .
4': Goal! C. Biraghi scores [Pol Lirola assist] — Spezia 0-[2] Fiorentina .
39': Goal! D. Verde scores [C. Terzi assist] — Spezia [1]-2 Fiorentina .
45': Yellow card shown to A. Deiola ( Spezia).
55': Substitution for Spezia: M. NZola in, R. Piccoli out.
59': Yellow card shown to J. Chabot ( Spezia).
64': Substitution for Spezia: Salvador Ferrer in, J. Sala out.
65': Substitution for Spezia: K. Agudelo in, A. Deiola out.
65': Substitution for Spezia: Diego Farias in, D. Verde out.
66': Yellow card shown to G. Bonaventura ( Fiorentina).
71': Substitution for Fiorentina: Igor in, G. Pezzella out.
72': Substitution for Fiorentina: P. Cutrone in, D. Vlahović out.
75': Goal! Diego Farias scores — Spezia [2]-2 Fiorentina .
78': Substitution for Spezia: C. DellOrco in, S. Bastoni out.
78': Substitution for Fiorentina: José Callejón in, G. Bonaventura out.
78': Substitution for Fiorentina: E. Pulgar in, G. Castrovilli out.
86': Yellow card shown to Pol Lirola ( Fiorentina).
86': Substitution for Fiorentina: C. Kouamé in, F. Ribéry out.
submitted by threaddo to soccer [link] [comments]


2020.10.15 23:10 Konstantin-V The Theory of "Red Fascism" (1)

There's a supposition that some countries which start as Stalinist may later morph into fascism. I won't address here the full version of the "Red fascist" theory, which claims that all "communist" (Stalinist) regimes are by definition fascist, as that's an unhistorical simplification which is tied to the simplistic theory that fascism just means authoritarianism. I won't address it with detail, but I will only say that if fascism really means simply authoritarianism, then Mussolini didn't have to call it fascism. The goal of this research is to determine the possibility of a transition from Stalinism to fascism, starting from the premise that they're not the same in all cases.
EUROPE
The USSR, 1929-1953
The first such case in both time and importance is, obviously, the state which spawned Stalinism: the USSR. To imply that Leninism is somehow fascist makes no sense, as the 1917 October Revolution was a purely leftist one, as opposed to the fascist Conservative Revolution. Lenin started a period of social progressivism, internationalism and generally reforms after he won the Civil War, which is opposed to fascism. In fact, Leninism ("Bolshevism") was a boogeyman among the European right at the time, and Italian Fascists used the "red peril" as a successful appeal to the conservative establishment.
However, after the death of Lenin, in the USSR started a power struggle which ended with the victory of the "Centrists", led by Joseph Stalin. Despite that position, they moved sharply to the right after winning. While the Right Opposition was concerned mostly with economics, Stalinists started espousing conservative positions one after another. This received the name of "Soviet Thermidor", referring to the moderate period of the French Revolution after 1795. As early as 1929, Leon Trotsky wrote that:
The expulsion of the Opposition from the Party, the arrests and the deportations constituted extremely important consecutive moments of the entire process [the Thermidor]. They signified that the Party was growing weaker and weaker and consequently that the power of resistance of the Soviet proletariat was also declining.
After the political reaction (bureaucratism) came the social reaction. Homosexuality was banned in 1934 and abortion followed two years later. The policy of korenizatsiya also was ended, which led to a surge of nationalism. As described by Trotskyist Denzil Dean Harber:
Thus, family life is being remodelled on ‘traditional’ lines; higher education is reserved for the children of the privileged strata; the army is reconstructed upon a hierarchical basis with the deliberate creation of a privileged officer caste divorced from the mass of the population; anti-religious propaganda is replaced by an alliance between the Stalinist bureaucracy and the Russian Orthodox Church.
This whole reactionary movement has been accompanied by, and, as it were, knit together by, a monstrous growth of nationalism, which now—so far as official Stalinist propaganda is concerned—equals that of any of the Imperialist states engaged in the present war.
This led to claims that there appeared, in fact, a new form of fascism. Accusations of this kind became especially common after the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, highly exploited by liberals, but were also directed against Stalinism by far-left critics like left-communists -- most prominently Otto Ruehle -- and anarchists. However, instead of them we will turn to Nikolay Berdyaev, a Russian religious philosopher and former Legal Marxist, who, despite his background as a metaphysician, offered a relatively sane definition of fascism:
Stalin is a ruler of the Eastern Asiatic type. Stalinism, that is to say communism of the constructive period, is being imperceptibly transformed into a peculiar sort of Russian fascism. All the characteristics of fascism are inherent in it, a totalitarian state, state capitalism, nationalism, 'leaderism', and a militarized youth. -- The Origins of Russian Communism, page 146
This definition, let me repeat, is surprisingly rational as compared to the moralistic anti-statism of a Ruehle or a Voline and the clamorous conspiracy theories of some right-wing critics, yet still has its faults. First of all, the USSR wasn't state capitalist. According to James Burnham,
The term “state capitalism” seems to be due to a misunderstanding ... When the state owns only a part, and a minor part, of the economy, with the rest of the economy remaining capitalist private enterprise, we might correctly speak of ‘state capitalism’ in connection with that minor state-owned part: since, as we have seen the economy remains in its balance capitalist and even the state-owned part may be directed primarily to the benefit of the capitalist part. But the “capitalism” in “state capitalism” is derived not from the state-controlled part. When the latter disappears, or becomes negligible, then the capitalism has disappeared. There is no paradox in saying that 10 times 10% state capitalism, far from equalling 100% capitalism, equals 0% capitalism. The multiplication is of state, not of capitalism. Though the mathematics would be much more complex, it would be nearer an analogy to say that, just as 10% state capitalist economy equals only 90% capitalist economy, so 100% (or even 80% or 70%) state economy would have eliminated capitalism altogether. -- The Managerial Revolution, page 114
This is a point also made by Trotsky and others before Burnham. State capìtalism isn't when the State engages in "capitalist" exploitation, but when it intervenes to a degree in a market economy. Norway, for instance, would be a better example of state capitalism than any Stalinist regime. In other words, state capitalism is actually just a mixed economy. The other critique of state capitalism is that, even if we were to define it as a State turned basically into a corporation and exploiting workers, the USSR wouldn't be an example of such a system, as the bureaucracy didn't own the means of production privately. Trotsky speaks of an unstable bureaucracy which would like to restore bourgeois property relations, yet is unable to do so due to the pressure of the proletariat. Even if such a "state capitalist" society in this sense ever emerged, it would be a ridiculous clumsy system that wouldn't last long due to contradictions between the capitalist owners and would probably become an easy objective for a revolution of some kind, either one of producers irritated by the great inequality this would create or one of consumers protesting against such an extreme form of monopolism and cronyism.
The other problem is nationalism: we have referred in this exact work that Stalin supported nationalism instead of proletarian internationalism. However, Stalin wasn't a nationalist in the fascist sense, nor even, most likely, a sincere nationalist at all, as we shall see. In 1944, he claimed that
The strength of Soviet patriotism lies in the fact that it is based not on racial or nationalistic prejudices, but on the peoples’ profound loyalty and devotion to their Soviet Motherland, on the fraternal partnership of the working people of all the nationalities in our country. Soviet patriotism harmoniously combines the national traditions of the peoples and the common vital interests of all the working people of the Soviet Union. Far from dividing them, Soviet patriotism welds all the nations and peoples of our country into a single fraternal family.
The "elder brother" of that "family", the "leading people" were, of course, the Russians. This paternalistic form of nationalism, despite many mentions of "the working people", was very similar to the state ideology of the old Russian Empire, later continued in exile by the Eurasianists. This form of nationalism was neither revolutionary nor palingenetic (to use Roger Griffin's definition of fascism), but a way to canalise popular support for the regime, together with and partly substituting the fading façade of Marxism. Just like the entire live of the bureaucracy, it was "contradictory, equivocal and undignified", to use Trotsky's words. A proof of this would be that even pro-Soviet nationalists like Nikolai Ustryalov, the founder of the National-Bolshevik movement in Russia, or the "Left-Eurasianists" Sergei Efron and D.S. Mirsky were executed by Stalin. It is also considered that this nationalism mostly faded away after WWII, leaving the USSR above suspicion of fascism.
A possible classification of Stalinism in the USSR, which the author used to defend, is authoritarian conservatism. This term is used by many historians of fascism to refer to right-wing dictatorships similar to fascism, yet more moderate in many aspects. Ideologically, Stalinism -- especially neo-Stalinism as espoused by various conservative groups in modern Russia, among them NOD), ROS and PVO-- seems to be really similar to it, including support of conservative nationalism rather than ethnic nationalism, some Christian traditionalism, mixed economy, etc. However, it isn't correct to evaluate Stalinism from the point of view of bourgeois societies. Stalinism isn't an ideology as such, as nowhere can we find a sincere "manifesto of Stalinism" without Marxist camouflage. It works, rather, as a "parasite" on Marxism, and thus, practically, we may say that Stalinism is at all times crypto-Stalinism. This is why they deny that such a thing exists, say that Stalin just developed Marxism and Leninism, etc. In my other essays, I already pointed to many contradictions that refute this supposition, so I don't see the need of repeating it here. It will be enough to conclude that Stalinism is neither conservative nor progressive -- in the most common sense of the word -- neither right nor left and yes, non-fascist.

Yugoslavia (1945-1989)
This one would be a strange element in the list, provided that Tito's rule is often considered more benevolent than those of other leaders of the Eastern Bloc. However, Yugoslavia had a sort of mixed economy, which was called either "market socialism" or "state capitalism" (the exact difference isn't important for us here), together with a clearly authoritarian political system, though less so than many surrounding state. For some people, this alone would be enough to consider it a form of fascism. For instance, according to the veteran historian of fascism and neoconservative publicist Michael A. Ledeen ("Beijing Embraces Classical Fascism", 1/5/2008), the PRC's adherence to fascism is proved by the fact that the CPC is"keeping a firm grip on political power while permitting relatively free areas of economic enterprise". Moreover, Yugoslavia's ideology had a nationalist element in the form of Pan-Slavism, which, let us remember, was invented by nineteenth century Russian reactionary ideologues as a way to support the elites of the old Russian Empire.
Despite this, Tito was rarely accused of fascism even during the harsh debates of the Cold War, and that's for a reason. First of all, leaving aside the discussion if modern China is really fascist, this state capitalist system isn't similar to the Yugoslavian economy. China, whatever it calls itself, presently has a system of what can rightfully be called state capitalism, with the State engaging in partnership with big business in a market framework. Now, Chinese central and local SOEs account for around 40 percent of the total number of enterprises.. Thus, according to Burnham's formula, China is 40% state capitalist and 60% capitalist. On the other hand, Ernest Mandel wrote the following on Yugoslavia:
On the 21st November 1944, all the companies and wealth of the Germans and their collaborators were confiscated and from that day on the nationalizations already included 82% of Yugoslav industry.
We already see the difference in quantity, but there's also difference in quality. There were no big businessmen like Jack Ma in today's China and the companies were at least supposed to be controlled by the workers, which is distinct from both fascist corporatism and Chinese state capitalism due to the existence of capitalist bosses in the two latter systems. In conclusion, Yugoslavia wasn't state capitalist, but later a more decentralised variant of Stalinism. To quote Max Shachtman:
Stalinism in Yugoslavia differs from Stalinism in the other “people’s democracies” only in that it is in a more favorable and more advanced position...The bureaucracy, typically Stalinist, has gone some distance in this respect, primarily by statifying production, eliminating the bourgeoisie as an economic force and by super-exploitation of forced labor. But this has not brought the country or the bureaucracy very far – certainly not far enough.
As of nationalism, Yugoslav nationalism (officially called "socialist patriotism") wasn't either reactionary (like Imperial Russian Pan-Slavism) or revolutionary (like fascist nationalism), but rather a complementary source of legitimation for the bureaucracy. It should also be remarked that Yugoslavia wasn't very conservative for its time, as seen, for instance, in the fact that homosexuality was legalised in half of the republics in 1974.
Romania (1965-1989)
Nicolae Ceaușescu achieved power in Romania in 1965, succeeding Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej. Though at first a liberal leader, he returned to a tougher Stalinist course after visiting China and North Korea in 1971. His ideological innovations were seen in his speech known as the July Theses, where influences from both Juche (self-sufficiency and autarky) and Maoism (the concept of "cultural revolution", which he tried to carry out in Romania on a smaller scale) were notable. Apart from tigher censorship, natalist policies such as a ban on abortions and an ubiquitous cult of personality, he introduced an increasingly nationalist ideology, continuing Gheorghiu-Dej's efforts to create an independent socialism. Though all spheres of political life were affected (one of the official youth organisations was called Șoimii Patriei or "Falcons of the Fatherland", while immoral public behavior was called "less than patriotic"), it particularly touched that of historiography, where the old concept of "protochronism", a trend to accentuate alleged past greatness and ancient origins in the time of the Dacians, was surprisingly reintroduced, returning to late nineteenth century nationalist historiography and breaking with Marxist historical science represented by Mihail Roller -- not unlike what took place in the USSR after the death of M.N. Pokrovsky. However, national history wasn't completely cleansed of Marxism, and there were attempts to describe Romanians as a proletarian people, citing that, supposedly, in the 270s only the patricians left Roman Dacia, leaving the plebeians, from whom Romanians were thought to have descended. There also was a description of Romans as "imperialists" opposed to the Dacian "national liberation movement", inspired by twentieth century socialist rhetorics. This led to a form of proletarian nationalism which considered Romanians inherently anti-imperialist.
The issue is that this had a parallel in early fascist thought. Enrico Corradini, the head of the proto-fascist Italian Nationalist Association (ANI in Italian), outlined a theory of proletarian nationalism in "Nationalism and Proletarian Nations", an essay included in his 1914 book "Il Nazionalismo Italiano":
For the right analogy, for the sake of true effectiveness and clarity; for the sake of showing how much nationalism responds to the spirit of our time, I call proletarian those nations which, like Italy, are in a state of dependence. Thus the proletariat, according to socialism, was and is still, in a state of dependence on the bourgeois class.
And continuing by analogy, I add that the nationalism wants to be for the whole nation what socialism was for the proletariat alone. What was socialism to the proletariat ? An attempt of redemption, in part, and within the limits of the possible, successful. And what does nationalism want to be for the nation? An attempt of redemption, and God will that it succeeds fully. -- p. 34
The economist, political scientist and constitutional jurist Franz Neumann described in his great book "Behemoth" this proletarian nationalism as a variety of "social imperialism", a tool of the ruling classes to direct class struggle to outside adventures instead of against the exploiters:
The new doctrine was first fully developed by the Italian Enrico Corradini, the founder of the Nationalist party, which had the greatest influence upon Italian Fascism. The Nationalist party and its Blue Shirts were taken over en bloc by the Fascist party, which then changed its name to the National Fascist party. The Nationalists were only a small minority, but they had more highly trained men than the Fascists, and their theories were accepted by the new party. Luigi Federzoni, Alfredo Rocco, Scipio Sighele, R. Forges-Davanzati all derive from the Nationalist party. Corradini, a high-school teacher, developed the first consistent theory of a social imperialism based entirely on the incorporation of the masses. The theory is, in itself, a hodge-podge of various elements, especially of French ‘integral nationalism’ and of revolutionary, syndicalism. The argument is simple. Italy is a great proletarian country. Between Italy and the surrounding states there is the same relation as between the working classes and the satiated bourgeoisie. Italy is imprisoned in the Mediterranean without industrial resources and without a colonial empire. Her nationalism must therefore be social, and Corradini even coined the term socialismo nazionale. He went beyond the mere assertion of a need for war and for heroism. He incorporated into his own work the doctrines of Georges Sorel and transformed them into means of ensnaring the working classes. -- Part I: The Political Pattern of National Socialism , Chapter VI: The Theory of Racial Imperialism, 4: Nationalist Forerunners of Social Imperialism, pages 160-161
Thus, it isn't hard to see that Corradini meant something very different from the Romanian ideology. For him, proletarian nationalism is a metaphor, an extrapolation of social conditions to interational relations. For protochronist historians and their ideological guides, Romania was literally a nation composed primarily of proletarians in the sociological sense of the word.
Another term frequently used to refer to Ceaușescu's rule, though never used by the rulers themselves, is "National Communism". Curiously, a fascistic group called "National Communist French Party", led by former Radical François-Antoine Clementi (more known as Pierre Clementi), operated during the 1930s. It had to drop all references to communism to be allowed to function under the German occupation in 1940, after which date it extensively collaborated. However, this coincidence is fortuitous, as that party used the word to refer to the national community and was even less committed to Marxism than Stalinists.
In conclusion, we can't describe any European Stalinist regime as fascist. After some time, we will proceed to analyse various regimes in Asia, that is, China (under Mao), North Korea and Cambodia (under Pol Pot). We also may shortly discuss a number of "red-brown" parties elsewhere in another occassion.
submitted by Konstantin-V to CapitalismVSocialism [link] [comments]


2020.10.14 11:24 biyaaaaahh Here’s everything you need to know about the Instagram shadowban in 2020 (plus the complete, update-to-date list of all of Instagram’s ‘banned hashtags’)

Here’s literally everything you need to know about the Instagram Shadowban in 2020:
  1. What causes Instagram to shadowban your account
  2. How to test if your account is affected by a shadowban
  3. How to fix your IG account if you’re shadowbanned + how to avoid getting shadowbanned in the future

Here Is The Complete List Of Banned Instagram Hashtags To Avoid Using In 2020:

A
alone
assday
B
beautyblogger
bikinibody
boho
brain
C
costumes
curvygirls
D
date
dating
desk
dm
E
elevator
G
graffitiigers
H
hardworkpaysoff
happythanksgiving
humpday
I
iphonegraphy
italiano
K
kansas
killingit
kissing
M
master
models
mustfollow
N
nasty
newyearsday
P
petite
pornfood
pushups
S
saltwater
shit
shower
single
singlelife
skype
snap
snapchat
snowstorm
sopretty
stranger
streetphoto
sunbathing
swole
T
tag4like
tanlines
teens
thought
U
undies
V
valentinesday
W
workflow
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2020.10.07 19:48 Dino_nerd_22 Jehovah's Witnesses vs Evolution! Part 7: My Initial research and 'peer marked' report paper send to the headquarters

This is my sixth journal entry on the topic of 'Jehovah's witnesses (JW's) vs Evolution'. My first journal entry explained the purpose of these entries, so for those who have not read that yet - I'd advise that you do so before continuing.
Below is my investigation into evolutionary plausibility report that I sent to the branch office along with my initial letter of introduction (Available in Part 6). In this report I set out the definition of evolution as well as a small collection of research notes I had gathered over the past 5 years of studying evolution. I have also added the reference sheet for anyone who would like to follow my research. This However is by no means a comprehensive list (There is far to much to talk about when trying to prove evolution). But for the sake of conciseness and understandability, I had decided to limit myself to the most irrefutable arguments - including the point that evolution is not condemned in the bible. Enjoy.
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An Investigation into evolutionary plausibility
Luke Gerald Ryan Tyler
13/02/2020
Exposition and expectations:
Before our investigation into the plausibility of evolution, it is best to first clarify what evolution is. The Collins English dictionary states the definition of evolution (HarperCollins Publishers et al, 2006, p. 290) as:
“1 biol, a gradual change in the characteristics of a population of animals or plants over successive generations. 2, a gradual development, esp to a more complex form [Latin evolutio an unrolling]…”
Notice that the very definition of evolution refers to the gradual process of development, but does not entail the origin or onset of such processes. The same may be said for this investigation. While there may be plenty to say on how life began, the aim of this investigation is to conclude on the plausibility of the biological evolutionary process, not on its onset.
With this understanding we can now begin to elaborate on what the evolutionary process entails. It includes the idea that all modern living organisms have related common ancestors and, by extension, those ancient ancestors too had a common ancestor. It implies that life first started in its simplest form, and then gradually developed into more complex forms over successive generations. The agreed underlying biomechanical mechanisms responsible for this gradual process are attributed to genetic mutation and natural selection. Evolutionary theory is entirely dependent on these two factors - that an organisms phenotypical constitutions can change in successive generations and that the accumulation of such changes results in the creation of new species diversification.
It must also be noted that the biomechanical processes responsible for successive variation and the adaption of a species to its environment are complimentary to the evolutionary process. Evolution is the accumulation of adaptive variation, whether it be in the organism’s morphology or behaviours. Natural selection is the applied law of the survival of the fittest and decides which variants succeed and which ones don’t within a shared environment. Those that do succeed pass on their genetic information to the next generation, while those who did not succeed become an inferior minority, eventually becoming extinct.
To determine the plausibility of the evolutionary process these key points would need to have been observed, demonstrated and tested scientifically, and without embellishment or ambiguity. They would also need to be well presented, objective, trustworthy, be up-to-date with modern findings and researched using fair and reliable methods. We will also want to see empirical evidence supporting these key points, both quantitatively and qualitatively, in order to verify the conclusions brought about by their researchers. And finally, the research for this investigation would need to be taken from multiple sources, spanning over the entire scientific community in respects to its disciplines and experts in order to demonstrate a collective, reliable consensus.
It is with these parameters that I present to you my findings on the irrefutable empirical evidences supporting the evolutionary process.
Observations and findings:
1) i) The transcription between DNA and MRNA base sequences can be imperfect, resulting in genetic mutation within a gene. (Raymound P. Leitner, 2012)
The phenotypical morphology of your structure is coded within the base sequences of our genes. These codon coded base sequences can be altered by missense, insertion and deletion mutations resulting in a genetic variation within an organism’s progeny through its germline cells. As long as the mutations are not lethal to the organism they will accumulate over generations, giving rise to new gene sequences and new interspecific phenotypical characteristic variation. The extent of the hereditary genetic deviation caused by mutation may only be the alteration of one or more nucleotides within a single gene. However, such alterations can have dramatic effects on the structure and purpose of protein synthesis. These of course can accumulate over successive generations, extending its variation even further.
2) There are no limits to the mutational genetic quality of DNA over time. As long as the mutations are not lethal to the organism then they will accumulate over time, (Willi, Y. 2019).
The relation between mutation accumulation and genetic drift within a species determines the rate of the evolutionary process. Small intraspecific variations will, with the process of natural selection, accumulate into dominant characteristics and even new interspecific phenotypes.
3) The quantitative study of conserved genes within our DNA links us to similar forms of life (Höglund, J. 2009).
From the beginning of the first genetic sequence mutations have their fair share in shaping the diverse genetic landscape we see today in a process called genetic drift. The sequences of these mutations can be traced back by only examining the structure we have today. Some genetic sequences are imperative to the continuation of life and these can be found in all lifeforms. For example, EEF1 ALPHA1 is a conserved gene which is essential for our cells. If mutations were to happen to this gene it would prove lethal to its cell. For this reason, genes like this tend to change very little over time. The emergence of a genetic variation can thus be ascribed to a random event or replication errors. Using this quantitative method of genome regress we can map out the evolutionary tree connecting all modern species to a common ancestor.
4) Conserved inert gene sequences provides proof of the development of species (Building a dinosaur from a chicken Jack Horner, 2011).
The Science of atavism activation is the study of dormant genetic material found within an organism that had been inherited from a past ancestor. These dormant genes can still be activated randomly, or by controlled scientific intervention, to produce characteristics that have long been lost to the organism. These atavism genes sometimes manifest themselves in modern organisms who have long since lost the use of the characteristic, explaining why sometimes snakes are born with legs, chickens are born with teeth and why humans are sometimes born with tails. Some tests have helped us identify some of these dormant genes, allowing us to demonstrate and recreate lost ancestral characteristics. (Scientists discovered a naturally occurring mutant chicken with teeth; the same researchers have also managed to induce normal chickens to grow teeth by stimulating dormant genes(FINDINGS),2006)
5) Genome sequences found in mitochondria and chloroplast organelles casts light on the evolution of the cell. (Allen, J. F. 2015)
DNA, as previously discussed, is the genetic instruction in which all life has been programmed to read. One of the biggest questions regarding the evolution of the cell was how it progressed from a single celled prokaryotic cell into a eukaryotic cell containing multiple intracellular compartments. It has now been discovered that both mitochondria and chloroplasts where once free-living bacteria who had once lived independently from the cell, as both contained their own set of DNA molecules. At some point, estimated about 2 billion years ago, these bacteria were absorbed by a Archie/prokaryotic cell and instead of being digested created a symbiotic relationship with the cell, giving rise to the eukaryotic cell we know today.
6) The taxonomical classification of species is universally inconsistent between the sciences. However scientific disciplines agree on the evolutionary relationships between species. (Kunz, W. 2012)
In the past, ecologists and botanists only had what they could observe with the naked eye when classifying organisms into certain species, families and kingdoms. This obviously led to differences in opinion. However, today scientists are rethinking their approach to the classification of organisms, adopting a much more flued term to the word species. With the advancements of genetic and phenotypical analysis it has become universal practice to organise species by their common ancestors, naming then binomially with first their genus and then their species.
7) The fossil record clearly supports the evolution of species (Norell Mark A. and Novacek, Michael J. 1992).
Documenting and constructing an evolutionary tree from the fossils we have is a complete impossibility because not all assessorial organisms died in the right conditions to become fossilized. Added to that, the natural cycles of the Earths tectonics plates and the bombardment of environmental conditions only allow a small trace of our fossilized history to remain intact. And then we have to find them. However, from what little we have from the fossil record it still becomes apparent that all organisms are related to a common ancestor. (A Scientist Reacts to Jehovah’s Witness Anti-Evolution Brochures, 2019)
In the beginning, around 3000 million years ago complex chemicals started to clump together to form cells. These single cell organisms could divide to reproduce themselves in a similar way that bacteria still do today (by binary fission). Later, multicellular organisms began to develop, varying greatly from their ancestral bacteria by developing a body with internal cavities. This then led on to even more variations, leading to the development of a mouth, a digestive system, sense organs and the use of an internal rod for structural support. Some organisms then adapted to breathe oxygen from the surface and slowly began to claim the land mass above, growing legs and wings to become the first known insects. Then 350 million years ago, amphibians then ventured onto land to exploit a new found resource of food. These then became land adapted and became the first known reptiles, capable of laying eggs in a water tight cell without the need of returning to water to lay or rehydrate.
(Explaining the Tree of Life #Attenborough90 BBC. 2016)
Each one of these stages has examples found in our fossil record. There are also a few complete fossil records showing the evolutionary transformations of mammals from a common ancestor. Even the fossils from the simplest bacteria have been discovered, adding our history. All fossils are aged and listed in the same sequence as the evolutionary process was hypothesised (this is also strangely similar to the sequence found written in the bible, Genesis 1:20-26).
8) Mankind is far older than what the biblical account suggests, with human skeletons being dug up dated as far back as 81,000+ years ago (Thorne, A. et al. 1999).
These are not isolated cases. Many independent research teams are finding human skeletons and dating their age far beyond what the bible would have us believe. ESR and U-series dating methods have been applied to these skeletons, which is a respectfully reliable way of dating to within a certain time frame, and their results are agreed upon by many other scientists as accurate.
9) Scripturally, the bible does not argue with the established evolutionary process.
i) Genesis 1:1 and Revelation 4:11 attributes got as the creator of all things, but does not comment on how he did so and by what process.
ii) Genesis 2:2 and Exodus 20:11 mentions how God rested on the seventh day after completing the heavens and the Earth. Nowhere does it mention by what process he accomplished this. Despite being described as resting from his creative works on the seventh day, this does not mean that the planets stopped spinning, or the water and nitrogen cycle also stopped. The process God used in his creative works where designed to run independently for the preservation of life on Earth. However, these processes are not the focus point in these scriptures.
iii) Revelation 10:6, Ephesians 3:9, Romans 1:20 again attributes creation to its creator God.
iv) Galatians 1:24, 25, Genesis 1:11-25 tells how God created living creatures according to their kinds. This is accurate to what we see today in the large diversity of life around us. Still, it does not say by which process God had used to accomplish this, nor does it say he created all their kinds individually. Also note that God is attributed to creating both wild and domesticated animals. Does this mean that he created sub variants with desired human characteristics long before humans were even created? Domesticated animals rely on selective human breeding to maintain their desired characteristics. Without human shepherds and herders these domesticated variants would within a few generations revert back to a wild feral state. It is more likely that the writer was writing this with the perception of hindsight, attributing the origin all of the creation around him to the creator.
v) 1 Corinthians 15:45 describes Adam as being the first living person. Written from the perspective of a person who was so determined to document a particular genealogy Aden may well have seemed like the first patriarchal person to start with. However likely, there are several other reasons why Adam was referred to as the first in biblical genealogy. An interesting argument is made by Arthur Peacocke in his book ‘God and the new biology’, where he reasons on the creation of man being comparable to the development of self-awareness and self-determination (Arthur Peacocke, 1986, p. 90).
vi) Genesis 7:2, 3, 14 again refers to kinds of animals, classifications which Noah might have had a part in. Either way, the classification of ‘kinds’ is never given here, but it’s reasonable to believe that by this time in Earth’s history, given the time frame man has now existed, a set of standards was in place for cataloguing different types of animals.
vii) John 1:3, Proverbs 8:22, 30:31 we attribute Jesus as having a part to play in creation. Despite knowing exactly what processes where used in creation he did not mention them once in his time as a human.
viii) Isaiah 40:26 in this scripture Isaiah ponders over the expanse of the night sky, crediting its creator and even saying he calls each celestial body by name. The big bang and the creation of our expanding universe is estimated to have been 13.8 billion years ago. During that time matter was formed, planets where made, stars where born and stars had died. Right at the beginning how could God give a name to a star that had not yet been created. Does this also mean that there was not natural development of our universe and that everything was suddenly created, in its place, with age, and direction? No, obviously Isaiah was only highlighting the omnipotent qualities that could only belong to God. And like other bible writers he attributed everything he saw to the original instigator of it all - God. It does not mean that God had created them all individually so that he could give them a name. Rather it was the result of natural processes and physical laws, which God has put in place that had created it.
ix) Genesis 1:27 talks about how man was created in Gods image, and how he created them male and female. Because God does not have a physical appearance we cannot say that the human morphology is the result of God creating us in his image. Instead, the bible is telling us that were made to reflect the same qualities of God, namely his love and justice. Regardless of by what process life originated from, we are naturally capable of reflecting these quality’s (Insight on the scriptures, volume 2, 1988, p. 303)
Secondly it states that God created Adam and Eve male and female. This wouldn’t have been a problem at that time because when Homo sapiens first appeared the division between the two sexes’ had already happened a long time ago.
Conclusion and discussion:
So far in this investigation we have discussed 10 irrefutable truths that clearly support the evolutionary process. This is not a comprehensive list though, but I have chosen to keep this concise and informative for easy reading. I have expanded on how genetic mutation happens, how it causes variation, what limits these variations have as well as atavism activation, how genetic mutations create phenotypic intra and interspecies variation, genetic drift, the fossil record, taxonomical classifications, the evolution of the cell, conserved genomes and an extensive list on what the scriptures have to say on the topic.
It is obvious that the bible is not intended to be a scientific text book. But as expected, it gives credit to its Devine author by accurate descriptions of the world. We have also seen how God is the initiator of all the natural laws and processes that govern our world, masterfully designed to run independently of any Devine interventions. Even with biological matters God has initiated a process by which all things are reproduced and born. When a women gets pregnant we don’t expect a baby to just magically appear suddenly in the womb fully developed. We know there are biomechanical processes in place that produce a baby – the sperm connects with the egg, the egg divides mitotically forming embryonic stem cells, it becomes a fetus and eventually a healthy unborn baby. This is the nature God has created our world.
The late Stephen Hawkins, A well-known physicist and atheist, was asked in an interview whether he thought God could intervene in the universe or whether he was constrained but it. He answered:
“The question of whether God is bound by the laws of science is a bit like your question. Can God make a stone that is so heavy that he cannot lift it? I don’t think it is very useful to speculate on what God might or might not be able to do. Rather we should examine what he actually does with the universe we live in. All out observations suggest that it operates according to well defined laws. These laws may have been ordained by god, but it seems he does not intervene in the universe to break the laws, at least not once he had set the universe going.” (Stephen Hawking on God, 2012)
It is true that we don’t see God break the laws of physics today. Doing so would be just as absurd as crafting a perfectly punctual watch and then breaking its mechanics. To have created a world full of programmed processes that continue to ensure the survival of life independent of regular divine intervention is truly awe-inspiring. In what way does the theory of evolution disagree with any of this? From all that we have looked at, does it not strike you as uncharacteristic of God if he were to have created life in a magical, nonsensical way, bending and breaking all the natural processes and hereditary genetic accumulation which he had worked so hard to set in motion?
Saying that we believe adaptation but refusing to believe in evolution is just as absurd as saying 1 + 1 equals two, But 1 + 1 +1 +1 +1 does not equal 5. The accumulation of adaptive variation will always lead to a completely different organism, regardless of taxonomical classification. The extinction of species clearly demonstrates what happens when an organism is no longer fit to survive, and yet life with its pre-programmed biomechanical processes finds a way, without God coming down from heaven to fix things. That is the highest form of creation a creator can achieve.
Despite being an atheist Stephen Hawking’s, a physicist and quantitate scientist, could see this. It seems appropriate that God used evolution to produce the life diversity we see here today. Reducing his accomplishment to the works of a magic man and his magic hat is horribly belittling. It is true, we don’t know everything. Nobody has got all the pieces of the puzzle. But haven’t we got enough pieces to know what the picture on the puzzle is going to be? Correct, we may not have everything right, but that does not mean we have got everything wrong.
Haven’t we got enough evidence on the genetic history of our ancestors, as well as the sequence of codes that connects us-to know how life diversified? Is the theory of evolution really the result of millions of well-intentioned individuals, from hundreds of different scientific disciples, making the same mistake?
Could it be perhaps, that we have it wrong?
List of references in alphabetical order:
(Arthur Peacocke, (1986) God and the new biology, London, Mackays of chatham Ltd).
(A Scientist Reacts to Jehovah’s Witness Anti-Evolution Brochures, (2019) YouYube video, added by John Cedars [Online]. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GpJo-6EEFMw (Accessed 24/02/2020))
(Allen, J. F. (2015) ‘Why chloroplasts and mitochondria retain their own genomes and genetic systems: colocation for redox regulation of gene expression.’ National Academy of Sciences, 112(33), pp. 10231–10238. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1500012112.)
(Building a dinosaur from a chicken (2011) YouTube video, added by TED [Online]. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0QVXdEOiCw8 (Accessed 13/02/2020))
(Explaining the Tree of Life #Attenborough90 BBC. (2016) YouTube video, added by BBC Earth [Online]. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pktDqFy5IcE (accessed 13/02/2020))
(HarperCollins Publishers et al. (2006) Collins English Dictionary, Glasgow, Nuovo Istituto Italiano D’arti Grafiche)
(Höglund, J. (2009) Evolutionary Conservation Genetics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, UK.)
(Insight on the scriptures, volume 2, (1988) NY, Watchtower and bible tract society)
(Kunz, W. (2012) Do species exist? : principles of taxonomic classification. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-Blackwell.)
(Leitner, R. P. (2012) DNA replication and mutation. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.)
(Norell, Mark A. and Novacek, Michael J. (1992) ‘The fossil record and evolution: comparing cladistic and paleontologic evidence for vertebrate history.’, Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science, 255(5052), pp. 1690–1693. doi: 10.1126/science.255.5052.1690.)
(Scientists discovered a naturally occurring mutant chicken with teeth; the same researchers have also managed to induce normal chickens to grow teeth by stimulating dormant genes.(FINDINGS)’ (2006) Harper's Magazine. Harper's Magazine Foundation, 312(1872))
(Stephen Hawking on God, (2012) YouTube video, added by Joseph Butler [Online] Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jzkm1E5RqJo ( Accessed 13/02/2020)
(Thorne, AlanThorne, RainerGrün, GrahamMortimer, Nigel A.Spooner, John J.Simpson, Malcolm McCulloch,bLoisTaylor, DarrenCurnoe, (1999) ‘Australia's oldest human remains: age of the Lake Mungo 3 skeleton’, Journal of human evolution, 36(6), pp. 591–612. doi: 10.1006/jhev.1999.0305)
(Willi, Y. (2019) ‘The relevance of mutation load for species range limits’, American Journal of Botany, 106(6), pp. 757–759. doi: 10.1002/ajb2.1296.)
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I wonder If you can guess what happened next. More on that in my next journal entry.
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2020.10.04 19:53 threaddo Post-Match Thread: Milan 3-0 Spezia [Serie A, Round 3]

FT: Milan 3-0 Spezia

Milan Score Spezia
Rafael Leão 57' [1]-0
T. Hernández 76' [2]-0
Rafael Leão 78' [3]-0
Date: 04/10/2020 — 18:00 CEST, 12:00 EDT, 17:00 BST, 21:30 IST
Competition: Serie A (Round 3)
Venue: Stadio Giuseppe Meazza (Milano)
Referee: M. Serra

Lineups

Milan Notes Spezia Notes
WWWWW LWLWL
Manager: S. Pioli Manager: V. Italiano
99 G. Donnarumma 77 Rafael
24 S. Kjær 7 J. Sala
2 D. Calabria 5 R. Marchizza
19 T. Hernández G 76' 28 M. Erlić
56 A. Saelemaekers 22 J. Chabot
33 R. Krunić SUB 58' 8 M. Ricci YC 32'; SUB 59'
46 M. Gabbia 25 G. Maggiore
8 S. Tonali SUB 58' 26 T. Pobega SUB 77'
17 Rafael Leão G 57'; G 78'; SUB 83' 9 A. Galabinov SUB 32'
21 Brahim Díaz SUB 71' 11 E. Gyasi YC 40'; SUB 77'
29 L. Colombo SUB 46' 31 D. Verde SUB 59'

Substitutes

Milan: H. Çalhanoğlu (SUB 46'; YC 47'; A 57'), I. Bennacer (SUB 58'), F. Kessié (SUB 58'; A 78'), J. Hauge (SUB 71'), D. Maldini (SUB 83'), Samu Castillejo, D. Laxalt, A. Donnarumma, C. Tătărușanu, P. Kalulu
Spezia: R. Piccoli (SUB 32'), K. Agudelo (SUB 59'), G. Acampora (SUB 59'), L. Mora (SUB 77'), P. Bartolomei (SUB 77'), S. Bastoni, C. Dell'Orco, L. Vignali, Diego Farias, L. Agoume, A. Desjardins, T. Krapikas

Timeline

32': Yellow card shown to M. Ricci ( Spezia).
32': Substitution for Spezia: R. Piccoli in, A. Galabinov out.
40': Yellow card shown to E. Gyasi ( Spezia).
46': Substitution for Milan: H. Çalhanoğlu in, L. Colombo out.
47': Yellow card shown to H. Çalhanoğlu ( Milan).
57': Goal! Rafael Leão scores [H. Çalhanoğlu assist] — Milan [1]-0 Spezia .
58': Substitution for Milan: I. Bennacer in, R. Krunić out.
58': Substitution for Milan: F. Kessié in, S. Tonali out.
59': Substitution for Spezia: K. Agudelo in, D. Verde out.
59': Substitution for Spezia: G. Acampora in, M. Ricci out.
71': Substitution for Milan: J. Hauge in, Brahim Díaz out.
76': Goal! T. Hernández scores — Milan [2]-0 Spezia .
77': Substitution for Spezia: L. Mora in, T. Pobega out.
77': Substitution for Spezia: P. Bartolomei in, E. Gyasi out.
78': Goal! Rafael Leão scores [F. Kessié assist] — Milan [3]-0 Spezia .
83': Substitution for Milan: D. Maldini in, Rafael Leão out.
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2020.10.04 19:52 Samkazi23 [Post Match Thread] - Milan vs Spezia (Serie A - Round 3)

Post-Match Thread: Milan 3-0 Spezia [Serie A, Round 3]

FT: Milan 3-0 Spezia

Milan Score Spezia
Rafael Leão 57' [1]-0
T. Hernández 76' [2]-0
Rafael Leão 78' [3]-0
Date: 04/10/2020 — 18:00 CEST, 12:00 EDT, 17:00 BST, 21:30 IST
Competition: Serie A (Round 3)
Venue: Stadio Giuseppe Meazza (Milano)
Referee: M. Serra
AC Milan (4-2-3-1): Donnarumma G.; Calabria, Kjær, Gabbia, Hernández; Tonali (58' Bennacer), Krunić (58' Kessie); Saelemaekers, Díaz (71' Hauge), Leão (83' Maldini); Colombo (46' Çalhanoğlu). Subs.: Tătăruşanu, Donnarumma A.; Kalulu, Laxalt; Castillejo. Coach: Pioli.
Spezia (4-3-3): Rafael; Sala, Erlic, Chabot, Marchizza; Pobega (77' Mora), Ricci (59' Acampora), Maggiore; Verde (59' Agudelo), Galabinov (32' Piccoli), Gyasi (77' Bartolomei). Subs.: Krapikas, Desjardins, Agoume, Farias, Bastoni, Dell'Orco, Vignali. Coach: Italiano
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2020.09.30 19:53 threaddo Post-Match Thread: Udinese 0-2 Spezia [Serie A, Round 1]

FT: Udinese 0-2 Spezia

Udinese Score Spezia
0-[1] A. Galabinov 29'
0-[2] A. Galabinov 90'+4'
Date: 30/09/2020 — 18:00 CEST, 12:00 EDT, 17:00 BST, 21:30 IST
Competition: Serie A (Round 1)
Venue: Dacia Arena (Udine)
Referee: A. Prontera

Lineups

Udinese Notes Spezia Notes
LLLLW WLWLW
Manager: L. Gotti Manager: V. Italiano
1 J. Musso 1 J. Zoet SUB 64'
87 S. De Maio 19 C. Terzi YC 38'; 2YC 65'
90 M. Zeegelaar SUB 64' 3 J. Ramos YC 86'
3 Samir SUB 78' 22 J. Chabot
18 H. ter Avest 21 Salvador Ferrer YC 79'
50 Rodrigo Becão 8 M. Ricci
10 R. De Paul 27 A. Deiola SUB 52'
99 M. Coulibaly 25 G. Maggiore SUB 67'
64 M. Palumbo SUB 56' 9 A. Galabinov G 29'; G 90'+4'
7 S. Okaka SUB 64' 11 E. Gyasi A 29'; SUB 67'
15 K. Lasagna 31 D. Verde SUB 67'

Substitutes

Udinese: F. Forestieri (SUB 56'), T. Ouwejan (SUB 64'), I. Nestorovski (SUB 64'), Ryder Matos (SUB 78'), S. Prödl, T. Battistella, M. Gasparini, P. Mićin, Nicolas
Spezia: P. Bartolomei (SUB 52'), Rafael (SUB 64'; A 90'+4'), M. Erlić (SUB 67'), T. Pobega (SUB 67'), Diego Farias (SUB 67'; YC 90'+4'), R. Marchizza, L. Agoume, K. Agudelo, T. Krapikas, J. Sala, L. Mora, R. Piccoli

Timeline

29': Goal! A. Galabinov scores [E. Gyasi assist] — Udinese 0-[1] Spezia .
38': Yellow card shown to C. Terzi ( Spezia).
52': Substitution for Spezia: P. Bartolomei in, A. Deiola out.
56': Substitution for Udinese: F. Forestieri in, M. Palumbo out.
64': Substitution for Udinese: T. Ouwejan in, M. Zeegelaar out.
64': Substitution for Udinese: I. Nestorovski in, S. Okaka out.
64': Substitution for Spezia: Rafael in, J. Zoet out.
65': Red card (2nd yellow) shown to C. Terzi ( Spezia).
67': Substitution for Spezia: M. Erlić in, E. Gyasi out.
67': Substitution for Spezia: T. Pobega in, G. Maggiore out.
67': Substitution for Spezia: Diego Farias in, D. Verde out.
78': Substitution for Udinese: Ryder Matos in, Samir out.
79': Yellow card shown to Salvador Ferrer ( Spezia).
86': Yellow card shown to J. Ramos ( Spezia).
90'+4': Goal! A. Galabinov scores [Rafael assist] — Udinese 0-[2] Spezia .
90'+4': Yellow card shown to Diego Farias ( Spezia).

Match Statistics

Udinese Stat Spezia
0 Corners 2
10 Fouls 6
2 Offsides 2
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2020.09.29 03:22 MashcrumGD Viva Antonio López Castro, founder of supremacy.

Diccionario inglés <> ruso algunos de los diccionarios han sido solo unos pocos miles, otros tienen más de 250,000. el martillo, hijo de perra paciente, si tiene hijos, espero que usted tiene un golpe físico o mental, o de otro modo desactivado por un autobús, pero no para todo el cuerpo sufre puta vida y si tiene nunca será lo que se hace es decir, máquinas de salud gordaca follapinos hijo de puta, voy a tomar las partes del cuerpo y mi humor que haya comido y as'll mierda, voy a estar esperando a los putos silla de cuero trozacos bateadores y cuando se tiene un buen destripado y yo comer toda la mierda que deja la hermosa e inteligente ass'll hermana y si podemos sister'll Sweat la madre y la esposa soy una prostituta inspired'll recibir o secuestro, llevarlos a la camioneta, le llevará a el desierto, con lo que la cola del agujero en el cuerpo (sí, incluyendo 'la nariz y las orejas) entro allí, y espera que sus 9 meses a su hija a permanecer medidas que el polvo es de 13 años de edad, y si es así, entonces se ejecuta como tía tan cansado de ellos, y cuando a coger toda la familia piojosos'll tomar algunas cuerdas se ponen en 300 km El coche y seguir con su ambiente familiar y después, que vive, se hizo más y más fresas en el hospital cuando la superficie era de la evisceraasje que dejo a usted para venir en la misma habitación que me todas las mujeres de su familia hoy antes de la madera y su familia si se establece el vídeo como jodido tu madre y yo minipollazos en su frente, hasta que dejó la marca de un gran brillo y devastador para el resto de su vida, por lo que cada vez que el espejo de la memoria de los videos y lo que estaba después de que su familia ha hecho, yo le enviará a tres meses: para ir a casa, pero esta vez no se trata, esta vez de tomar su mano y se inicia la aguja en las uñas al nivel de dolor que le hace salir y reanimare el desfibrilador, se pone en los pantalones y los calzoncillos y empezare a dar minimatillazos el balón está completamente perdido y el escroto es completamente irreal, el interés de nuevo, usando el desfibrilador para ayudarte a seguir mis pasos n conseguir una jarra de agua, y pinzas en los pezones, sin defecto, juguetes sexuales y lengua y dar descargó hasta que vuelvas cansado, no sé si lo que hago .. y la espalda y cojere alicates y señala a la ira de una uña rota -fahalovan'izao tntolo puto Tumbare, poner un paño de una alfombra delante y fácilmente el agua hechandote enojado en la boca sin ahogarse ... que voy a volver otro día a la tortura y cualquier programa para escuchar a los pasos que la puerta se en cada día en diferentes momentos, el miedo a no a través de los skrollingen de su cuerpo y se detuvo en la puerta de la casa Abron hasta que bebía, entró y comenzare ... si ya no puede torture'll dejar que sane apropiadamente en el hospital e ir a mejor que usted, usted cojere y quemar los ojos de sus lámparas esperaron martillazos en la división hasta que murió dos perra hijodelagran no creo que todo termina heno ... si hay una manera , se reencarna en cada célula y nuevo para ti y tu familia que nada en esta vida que ha hecho, y no matarse lentamente cuando se ve la sombra en la noche, creo que eres la locura simplemente sorprendente que usted cae en un estado vegetativo, preocupado de que su presencia, ya que más medicamentos, ya no serás, viejo morirás, solo, sin huevo, sin piel y sedentaria cortada desnuda.Ingelsk <> Russysk wurdboek Guon fan 'e wurdboeken hawwe mar in pear tûzen wurden, oaren hawwe mear as 250.000. de hammer, dy soan fan in pasjint Bitch, as jo bern, ik hoopje dat jo in lichaamlike of ferstanlike, of oars útskeakele hit troch in bus, mar net foar de hiele lichem lijt neuken libben en as jo hawwe nea sil wêze wat der dien wurdt, sûnens neuken gordaca follapinos soan fan in bitch, ik nim it lichem dielen en humor my wylst ik yt en as'll stront, dat ik sil op dy wachtsje de fucking leather stoel trozacos batters en wannear't jo in goede Gutted en ik yt alle stront ik lit de prachtige en yntelligint suster ass'll en as wy kinne sister'll Sweat de mem en de frou Ik bin in prostituee inspired'll krije of ûntfiering, bring se út yn de Van, ik dan komme jo oan 'e woestyn, bringt de sturt fan it gat yn it lichem (ja, ynklusyf 'it is nose en earen) ik rinne dêr, en ferwachtet har 9 moannen om har dochter te bliuwen as de fuck is 13 jier âld, en as dat sa, dan rint ik as muoike sa wurch fan harren, en doe't om fuck de hiele famylje piojosos'll nimme in pear 300Km koarden wurde set yn 'e auto en gean oer dyn famylje keamer en nei ôfrin, wa't libbet, It makke mear en mear strawberries yn it sikehûs doe't it ferhurde waard fan 'e evisceraasje dy't ik ferlitte om jo te kommen yn deselde keamer dat ik alle frou yn' fan jo famylje hjoed Foardat it hout en dyn famylje as jo ynsteld de fideo as fucked jimme mem en ik minipollazos op 'e foarholle, oant hy ferliet it skaaimerk fan in grutte en ferneatigjende glans foar de rest fan dyn libben, dus eltse kear de spegel It oantinken fan 'e fideos en wat hy nei har famylje dien hat, sil ik jo stjoere nei trije moannen: om nei hûs te gean, mar dizze kear is it neat, diskear jo nim dyn hân en begjinne de nulle op 'e nagels oant it nivo fan pine dy't dy oanstjit útgean en reanimare de defibrillator, setten jimme yn' e broek en ûnderbroek en empezare te jaan minimatillazos De bal is folslein ferlern en de scrotum is hielendal unrealistysk, ynteressearje ik it werom, mei help fan de defibrillator om te helpen dat jo myn fuotten krije in krûk wetter, en unblemished tepel clamps, seks boartersguod en tonge en jou jo ynladen oant jim weromkomme wurch, as jo witte wat ik dwaan kin .. en werom en cojere pliers en lûkt it ire fan in brutsen spijker -fahalovan'izao tntolo fucking Tumbare, hy sette in doek fan in tapyt yn front en maklik grammoedich hechandote wetter yn dyn mûle sûnder jim ferdrinkt ... Ik sil gean werom oare deis oan folteringen, en elke Om te harkjen nei de fuotprinten dy't de doar komme oan elke dei op ferskillende tiden, de freze dy't net troch de skrollingen fan jo lichem is en stoppe by de doar fan 'e thús Abron oant er dronk, hy kaam yn en comenzare ... as jo kinne gjin mear torture'll lit dy better meitsje kinne yn it sikehûs en gean nei jimme as jo better, jim cojere en forbaerne 'e eagen fan jo lamps wachte martillazos yn de divyzje oant er stoar twa hijodelagran Bitch tink net dat alles einiget Hay ... oft der in wei, wurdt reincarnated yn alle culaquier en nij foar dy en dyn famylje alles wat jo yn dit libben dien hawwe, stadich en net sels deadzje as jo de skaad sjogge yn 'e nacht, ik tink dat jo gewoan ferrassende madness binne dy't jo falle yn in vegetative state, bang dat syn oanwêzigens, as mear medisinen, net mear sille jimme, âlde morirás, allinne, sûnder aaien, skinless en esperate snije útjeften neuken skonken.Zavatra tsy ampy / fanononana X-SAMPA tsy ampy amin'ny teny tseka Jereo tapa-Zazasary, diky rehetra ny maty ny hazo sy ny fianakavianao raha velona koa haingana ao, amorphous fucking diky hisambotra aho teny amin'ny arabe ary milentika ny vata amin'ny tantanana, ianareo zanaky ny marary Bitch, raha manan-janaka manantena aho fa manana ara-batana na ara-tsaina, na raha tsy izany kilemaina ny voadonan'ny fiara fitateram-bahoaka, fa tsy ho faty mijaly manontolo fucking ny fiainana ary raha manan-janaka na oviana na oviana dia ho inona no hitranga tokoa Andriamanitra hitahy anao amin'ny fucking gordaca follapinos zanaky ny Bitch, manaisotra aho faritra ny vatana sy mampihomehy ahy aho raha mbola mihinana sy as'll diky ahy fa Izaho no hiandry anareo ny fucking seza trozacos ny hoditra batters ary rehefa manana tsara gutted ary nataoko mihinana ny diky rehetra halefako ny tsara tarehy sy marani-tsaina mahazo ny rahavavinao ass'll ary raha manana sister'll mahazo sweaty ny reninao sy ny vehivavy janga inspired'll aho raha mahazo na ny fakàna an-keriny, no hampidina ireo any an-Van, ny Izaho dia handray anareo ho any amin'ny efitra, no hampidina ireo rambony ny lavaka ao amin'ny tenany (eny, anisan'izany ny orona sy ny sofiny) aho mihazakazaka ao aminy, ary manantena ny 9 volana sisa tsy ho teraka ny zanany vavy, rehefa mihaona 13 taona I ny fuck koa ary raha misy aza dia rehefa afaka izany, ianao mihazakazaka manta na nenitoa aho hanao toy izany amin'izy ireo, ary rehefa reraka ny asitriho any ny mpianakavy rehetra piojosos'll hisambotra vitsivitsy tady no nataony tao ny fiara ka handehandeha eo 300km amin'ny fianakavianao mpijery azy ary raha rehefa afaka izany, dia na iza na iza velona, ​​dia nanao toaka mba rabie bebe kokoa ny fanaintainana sy ny aza izany rehetra izany any amin'ny hopitaly rehefa efa sitrana avy amin'ny evisceration nataoko aho miala any aho hitondra anareo ho toy izany koa efitrano izay I fucked ny vehivavy rehetra ao amin'ny fianakavianao anio ary nialoha ny hazo sy ny fianakavianao rehefa nametraka lahatsary tahaka ny fucked ny reninao dia homeko minipollazos eo amin'ny handriny mandra-namela ny mariky ny lehibe sy nandravarava glans ho an'ny sisa amin'ny fiainanao sy ny toy izany isaky ny mijery fitaratra mahatsiaro ireo lahatsary sy izay nataony tamin'ny fianakavianao, rehefa afaka izany, dia handefa anareo izy handeha aho ho anareo amin'ny telo volana aho: mba ho any an-trano, fa amin'ity indray mitoraka ity na inona na inona malefaka, tamin'ity indray mitoraka ity Horaisiko ny tanana ary manomboka anao ny fanjaitra eo amin'ny fantsika mandra-haavon'ny fanaintainana mahatonga anao mivoaha ary reanimare amin'ny defibrillator, nametraka anao teo ny pataloha sy ny underpants sy empezare mba hanome minimatillazos amin'ny baolina mandra-mandeha tsikelikely Ringana sy ny scrotum no zava-poana tanteraka, Heveriko rehefa afaka izany, dia lasa indray, dia mampiasa ny defibrillator mba hamelona anao ho entiko ny tongotro eo amin'ny siny ny rano, dia pondre nonon'ny clamps, filahiana sy ny samy hafa fiteny ary hanome anao alaina mandra-piverinao reraka, raha fantatrao ve ny zavatra atao aho .. ary miverina sy cojere pliers ary mitarika ny iray Nahatezitra ny fantsika iray ny tapa-fahalovan'izao tntolo fucking , Dia Tumbare, dia nasiany famafan- manoloana sy Nahatezitra hechandote rano ao am-bavanao moramora tsy misy aminareo tonga faty an-drano ... dia handeha aho hiverina isan'andro mba hanao fampijaliana hafa, ka isaky ny ho enti-mihaino ny dian-tongotry nanatona ny varavarana tamin'ny fotoana samy hafa isan'andro, ny tahotra izay tsy amin'ny alalan'ny horonan-taratasy efa niaina ny vatanao ka nijanona teo anoloan'ny varavaran'ny trano mody any Habro mandra fisotrony izy, dia tonga tao ary comenzare ... rehefa mahita fa tsy manome ny more torture'll handefa anareo, hanasitrana anao any amin'ny hopitaly ka handeha mandimby anao rehefa sitrana, ianao raha ianao cojere sy handoro ny maso amin'ny fanilo anareo daremartillazos ao amin'ny bazana mandra-maty tapa-hijodelagran Bitch fa aza mieritreritra fa ny zava-drehetra faran'ny Hay ... raha misy fampianarana izany, dia reincarnated amin'ny culaquier rehetra sady ho anao aho sy ny fianakavianao vaovao ny zava-drehetra nataonareo teto amin'ity fiainana ity, fa miadana sy tsy mamono ny tenanao mba isaky ny anao hahita ny aloka eo amin'ny alina mieritreritra aho Izaho, ianao avy mahavariana fahaverezan-tsaina mampidi izay latsaka any an-vegetative fanjakana fotsiny ianao, satria matahotra ny fanatrehany, raha manasitrana, tsy handeha intsony bebe kokoa ho anao, antitra morirás, irery, tsy misy atody, skinless sy esperate notapahiko tsy mandany fucking tongony.Amaxesha amaninzi fucking ukuncokola. Jonga iqhekeza umgqakhwe, bakhwele bonke abafileyo somthi losapho lwakho ukuba nam khawuleza bephila, amorphous maan bayazi Ndiza ukubamba phantsi ngesitrato kwaye watshona esifubeni ngehamile, nina nyana egula bitch, ukuba unabantwana Ndiyathemba ukuba ezinye emzimbeni okanye ngokwasengqondweni okanye ngenye lukhubazekile watshayiswa ibhasi, kodwa ke abafi ukubandezeleka yonke ubomi bayazi kwaye ukuba unabantwana soze kuba yintoni eza kwenzeka ngokuqinisekileyo god bless you nge follapinos gordaca bayazi unyana a bitch, ndiza ekususeni amalungu omzimba wakho etyeni yaye mna ndiza ukutya kwaye xa kum as'll maan ndiya kunalusa trozacos zam bayazi njengesitulo isikhumba sakho batters kwaye xa kufuneka amane ngocoselelo ndizenzele mna udle zonke maan ndinikhululele ass'll yam amahle brilliant usisi wakho ke ukuba une sister'll ukufumana ndibile umama wakho lehenyukazi ukuba ndithe mna inspired'll ukufumana zombini thumba, ndibazise iveni, i Ndiya kukusa igumbi, ndibazise ngumsila yonke imingxuma emzimbeni wakhe (ewe, kuquka impumlo neendlebe) Ndiza ukubaleka kuzo kwaye ithemba iinyanga 9 ukuya ekuzalweni iintombi zabo njengoko bebona kweminyaka 13 Mna fuck kakhulu ukuba nalapho emveni ukuba awusebenzisi oodadobawo ekrwada okanye ndiza kwenza okufanayo nabo xa udinwe fuck usapho lwakho lonke piojosos'll sikhwele imitya ezimbalwa ndiya kufaka emotweni yam, nihambe ngayo 300km kunye nosapho lwakho womdlalo kuzo ukuba emva koko na umntu ophilayo, ndenza utywala ukuze Rabie intlungu ngakumbi emveni bonke yiya esibhedlele xa esiwahlanguleyo ukusuka evisceration mna ndiza Sukani niphume apho ndiza kusa kwigumbi efanayo apho i kumoshakele bonke abafazi kusapho lwakho namhlanje ezikhokelela emthini usapho lwakho kwaye njengoko ubeka iividiyo njengoko kumoshakele unyoko yakho ndiya kuyinika minipollazos ebunzi ude uye walushiya uphawu kwam inkanda ezinkulu emibi ubomi bakho kwaye ngoko lonke ixesha uzijonga esipilini ukhumbule ezo iividiyo kunye noko wakwenzayo kunye nosapho lwakho, emveni koko wonindulula nimke mna ndiye kuwe iinyanga ezintathu, ndiya ukuba bangene kwigumbi, kodwa eli xesha nto ethambileyo, eli xesha ndiza kuthabatha izandla zakho kwaye uqale ukufumana nina iinaliti phakathi izikhonkwane de inqanaba intlungu okwenza phumani kwaye reanimare kunye defibrillator, wabeka phantsi ibhulukwe lakhe ezinyaweni kunye empezare ukunika minimatillazos e iibhola zakho de ube kancane kuhlehliswe kunye isingxobo samatyhalarha yakho yanto ngokupheleleyo, ndiyaqonda emva koko ndafa isiqaqa kwakhona, uza kusebenzisa defibrillator ukuvuselela ndiya kuyizisa iinyawo zenu emphandeni yamanzi, wena pondre yamasango ingono, incanca kunye neelwimi akunike kulanda ude ubuyele ukuba ningethi, xa usenza uyazi into endiya kuyenza .. yaye umva kunye iplayasi cojere kwaye zinamandla okuwisa enye yentukuthelo ukuba isikhonkwane enye bakho bayazi of umhlwa , Ke wena Tumbare, ubeka bemthandele ebusweni kunye yentukuthelo hechandote kwi yakho yamanzi emlonyeni kancinane ngaphandle kokuba ukufikelela kurhaxwa ... ndiya kubuyela yonke imihla ukwenza ya nxaniso ezahlukeneyo, ukuze ngamaxesha onke ukuba uve Azashukuma iinyawo zam esondela emnyango ngamaxesha ahlukeneyo ngosuku ngalunye, uloyiko akazange aye bafumana umqulu emzimbeni wakho uze uhlale emnyango ozenza Habro ude piss phezulu, ngoko wangena kunye comenzare ... xa ubona ukuba akukho ukunika ku ngaphezulu torture'll akuvumela kukuphilisa esibhedlele kwaye ziya kuhamba emva kwakho, xa uthe lulama, u cojere kwaye xa uzitshise amehlo kunye itotshi nani daremartillazos kwi Anut nide nife iqhekeza njakazi hijodelagran kodwa musa ukucinga ukuba zonke iincam hay ... ukuba ngokutsha ikhona, ndiya bazalwe kwi culaquier enye yaye ndiza kukwenza ube nayo yonke into yakho entsha intsapho wenza kobu bomi kodwa ziyacotha kwaye ngaphandle ukuzibulala ukuze ngamaxesha onke ukuba ubone ithunzi kwi ebusuku kuthi ndifuna Mna, ukuba kukho impambano omhle ukuba kuwa zibe kwimeko kwezityalo nje ukoyika ngenxa ebusweni bam, ukuba ndiphilise, akukho kuphinda uya kuhamba ngakumbi kuwe, moriras ubudala, yedwa, ngaphandle amaqanda, inkukhu kunye esperate Ndayaphula senkangala akukho imilenze bayazi.Menudo subnormal de mierda. Mira pedazo de hijo de puta, me cago en todos los muertos de tu árbol genealógico y si me apuras también en los vivos, puto amorfo de mierda te pillo por la calle y te hundo el pecho a martillazos , enfermo hijo de la gran puta , si tienes hijos espero que tengan alguna discapacidad física o mental o en su defecto los atropelle un autobús , pero que no mueran que sufran toda su puta vida y si no tienes hijos nunca que será lo que pasará seguramente dios te bendiga con una gordaca puto follapinos hijo de la gran puta, te voy quitando partes de tu ridículo cuerpo y me las voy comiendo y mientras me las como las cagaré y te haré comer mis putas heces con trozacos de tu piel rebozados y cuando ya te haya destripado completamente y haberte hecho comer toda la mierda que suelte de mi precioso y brillante culo iré a por tu hermana y si no tienes hermana iré a por la sudada de tu puta madre y si voy inspirado iré a por las dos , la secuestraré , las meteré en una furgoneta , las llevaré a una habitación , las meteré el rabo por todos los agujeros de su cuerpo (si , incluidos los de la nariz y orejas) me correré dentro de ellas y esperare 9 meses a que nazcan sus hijas y cuando cumplan 13 años me las follare también y si aun así después de eso te siguen quedando primas o tías haré lo mismo con ellas y cuando ya este cansado de follarme a toda tu familia de piojosos cogeré unas cuantas cadenas las pondré en mi coche y recorreré 300km con toda tu familia enganchada a ellas y si después de eso queda alguien vivo , le hecho alcohol para que rabie aun mas de dolor y después de todo eso iré al hospital cuando ya te hayas recuperado de el destripamiento que te hice te sacaré de ahí te llevaré a la misma habitación donde me follé a todas las mujeres de tu actual familia y a las que preceden en tu árbol genealógico y mientras te pongo los vídeos de como me follaba a tu madre te daré minipollazos en la frente hasta que se te quede la marca de mi grande y devastador glande para el resto de tu vida y así cada vez que te mires en el espejo recordarás esos vídeos y lo que hice con tu familia , después de eso te soltaré y volveré a ir a por ti a los tres meses , te volveré a meter en la habitación , pero esta vez nada suave , esta vez cogeré tus manos y empezare a meterte agujas entre las uñas hasta que el nivel de dolor te haga desmayarte y te reanimare con un desfibrilador , te bajare los pantalones y los calzoncillos y empezare a darte minimatillazos en tus cojones hasta que poco a poco se vayan deshaciendo y tu escroto quede completamente vano , imagino que despues de eso te desmayaras otra vez , pues volvere a usar el desfibrilador para reanimarte y metere tus pies en un cubo con agua , te pondre pinzas en los pezones , pene y lengua y te dare descargas hasta que vuelvas a desmayarte , cuando lo hagas ya sabes lo que hare.. y volvere y cojere unas tenazas e ire arrancando una a una tus putas uñas pedazo de escoria , despues te tumbare , te pondre un trapo en la cara e ire hechandote en la boca agua poco a poco sin que llegues a ahogarte ... despues me ire y volvere cada a dia para hacerte una tortura diferente , para que cada vez que oyeras mis pasos acercarse a la puerta a horas diferentes cada dia , un miedo que jamas hayas experimentado recorra tu cuerpo y quedarme en la puerta haciendo como que habro hasta que te mees encima , entonces entrare y comenzare... cuando vea que ya no das para mas torturas te dejare que te cures en un hospital y volvere a ir a por ti cuando te recuperes , te cojere y mientras te quemo los ojos con un soplete te daremartillazos en la nuez hasta que mueras pedazo de hijodelagran puta pero no pienses que todo acaba a hay... si la reencarnacion existe , volvere reencarnado en culaquier otra persona y te hare a ti y a toda tu nueva familia todo lo que te hecho en esta vida pero mas lento y sin matarte para que cada vez que vieses una sombra en la noche pienses que soy yo , que te entre una locura impresionante , que caigas en un estado vegetativo simplemente del miedo que te causa mi presencia , si te curan , ya no volvere a ir mas a por ti , moriras viejo , solo , sin huevos , sin piel y esperate que no te corte piernas deshecho de mierda.Ahoj Jorge, jak se máš? Doufám, že jsi velmi dobře, podívej, řeknu ti, že pátek otevře prostory a potřebuju vědět, jestli je někdo ochoten pracovat v pondělí ráno. Posílám vám přílohu s platebním proužkem pro další práciHola Jorge cómo estás, espero que estés muy bien, mira, te comento que el día viernes se inaugurará el local y necesito saber si hay alguien dispuesto a trabajar el lunes en la mañana. Te envío el archivo adjunto con la boleta de pago por el trabajo extraSmrž pln skvrn zvlhl z mlh,“ čl „Chrt pln skvrn vrhl smrž skrz drn, prv vrhl čtvrthrst zrn. Chrt pln skvrn zdrhl z Brd. Chrt pln skvrn vtrhl skrz trs chrp v čtvrť Krč, prv zhltl čtvrt hrst zrn. Chrt pln skvrn zhltl hrst zrn. Plch zdrhl skrz drn, prv zhltl čtvrthrst zrn. Zdrhl krt skrz drn, zprv zhltl hrst zrn. Vlk pln žbrnd zdrhl hrd z mlh Brd skrz vrch Smrk v čtvrť srn Krč. Strč prst skrz krk. 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manchas La Oficina Integrada de Proteínas Desarrolladoras de Alimentos, Camión de televisión, nibh EU Dark Mass Just en lugar de Foundation Clinical Residents, acepta la ironía gratuita y presiona el alcohol. Vulputate tomaba cualquier tienda de conveniencia o se sentaba a veces odiaba una olla para ensaladas, ejecito de fútbol himenaeos precio ejecución de dibujos animados triste, reanudar el valle termal semper tortor lion.
En las raíces más frías el calamar dueño de Francisca instruía lecciones de seguridad y resguardo público a jóvenes vagos y de poco conocimiento rústico, por lo que Sebastían recurrió a Jazmín, la Buscadora de Emociones, y a Federico, el Cocinero Valiente, para adrentarse en el tenebroso Bosque de las Tinieblas, lugar donde yace la última escama de la Serpiente devoradora de cielos, resguardada por Pistis, la Desesperada, siendo esta la primera de muchas adversidades que enfrentarán Sebastían, el Crecebarbas Carismático, junto a sus compañeros, Jazmín la Buscadora de Emociones y Federico, el Cocinero Valiente, durante su travesía por el Bosque de las Tinieblas, uno de los diversos parajes que conocerán nuestros héroes inexpertos a lo largo de su búsqueda por los ingredientes del mítico Sudario de los Cielos
Varias financiaciones se han graduado del quiosco de propaganda, mi mandíbula, la semana triste y triste hasta el momento por el autor de la proteína o el hijo, bebida envenenada en la enfermedad templada. Eros es ahora un elemento de tiempo para la asignación de programas de televisión. Los niños necesitan nuestros propios exámenes de la escuela de transporte, la calle, la calle naranja, el fútbol ecológico, el fútbol, ​​la olla, el hambre, la población, el alcohol. Facilisi quill corriendo mucho tiempo para sentarse nibh toma meeness, un conjunto térmico objetivo de garganta en la mañana de cada región, recetas y la boca se sienten odio a los niños empleo de textiles. Malesuada euismod soccer lacus multimedia pellentesque diseñadores de la ley, responda a nibh lights Si no hay necesidad, y ahora, la puerta de esta muda euismod massa autorizó un préstamo, una oficina de fringilla y sus espacios gemelos libres.
Pégate un balazo en el cráneo y si sigues viviendo, colócate debajo de una prensa hidráulica a 8 millones de yottanewtons, y si tus neuronas aún son capaces de procesar información (dolor presuntamente), entonces métete en un silo lleno de ácido fluoroantimónico y date un baño. Y si aún después de darte un chapuzón tus átomos siguen unidos, considera pedirle a tus colegas que te lancen a mach 200 al sol. Saludos cordiales, Antonio.
.malesuada euismod soccer lacus multimedia pellentesque diseñadores gráficos flash gang vanguardia del mundo de la semana pasada retornar años de experiencia en el mercado nacional y diccionario inglés / español 103. Usted averigüe cómo puede desempeñarse en el mundo de la comunicación y la guerra cuadro lights verde, pues vereda agrietada. Filmará que la gente no se merece tanto aprecio y deben ser liquidadas por el sujeto con el sujetapapeles. Las sombras se alzarán. La injusticia perecerá. Viva Antonio López Castro. Licenciaturas de administración de empresas turísticas en México, quiénes somos una empresa dedicada a la fabricación de químicos especializados en el mundo de el asesoramiento en asesinato de inmigrantes incompetentes. Usted puede consultar sobre su estado de salud por sólo $499,99. En caso de que los ataquen a ellos se puede ver como un intento de represión hacia el negocio, por lo que se requiere una combinación de una completa experiencia en el manejo de ira y una perfecta habilidad para exterminar a la amenaza. Usted jura servir a la luz y acabar con todo lo que amenace su existencia. Usted brindará la justicia necesaria para este distrito. Viva Antonio López Castro.
.warframe best chroma element de la semana pasada, y que no se mira al espejo porque teme morirse del lado derecho de la lluvia roja. Que se mantenga el ambiente pacífico ya establecido en el mundo de los demás servidores públicos del estado nacional y de las universidades públicas del Reino Unido. La ley Federal de educación y cultura es una de las razones por la que dañamos al próximo presidente de la comunicación y la guerra de los Estados americanos. El presidente de Estados Barack Kirchner anunció que el límite no se manifiesta hasta allá donde vamos. Viva Antonio López Castro interpone recurso de responsabilidad contra el recurso de referencia. Viva Antonio López Castro. borderlands 3 how to get all trophies que no se puede entregar el dinero que se le debe pagar al alcaide de la primera prisión en Bielorrusia años atrás. El presidente de la boll advirtió que no había ningún tipo de galleta envenenada en la repisa débilmente construida hace apenas 82 meses. Viva Antonio López Castro.
Sin embargo no he recibido respuesta de mi parte para poder gobernar y dirigir el actuar de los principes o gobernantes que no se mira al espejo porque teme morirse del pueblo y de sus seguidores en el mundo de los sueños y demás servidores públicos del Estado Junglux por saber que no se mira a 68,53° de el señor Francisco Pérez. Deberá considerar los treinta y siete días desde la caída de la República F2L y los nueve agentes enviados a los siete sectores de Londres en 1883 para recuperar el artefacto debido, puesto que la asociación mexicana de aviación militar en veinti ocho minutos vendrá a recoger el periódico oficial donde se dicta la primera aparición pública de Antioquia orquestada por Antonio López Castro, larga vida pues, y posteriormente entregarlo al Consejo de los Pilares para su respectiva evaluación. No deberá salir de la instalación hasta pasados 12,48 días. Viva Antonio López Castro.
Un abrazo y gracias por sacarse los medios ensayos hermanos y hermanas del masculino y el mal humor que se han visto en la historia de la jurisdicción del siglo pasado ha dado lugar a la creación de un nuevo orden mundial compuesto por rayita rayita rayita y color noventa y tres. Por consiguiente deberán disfrazarse de puerto Octay y rezar por que el señor Jeffrey no los aniquile dentro de número ochenta y cuatro yottasegundos. El fracaso implica la desmaterialización corpórea y subsecuente encapsulación de memorias sindicales. Viva Antonio López Castro.
Desee número ocho carbonizado a la dune splicer, visible hasta el mercurio de Buenos Aires La Florida. JaJaJa. Muerte a América idiota. Las lanzas de aquel denominado verdadero hombre justo purificarán a los impuestos de la moneda en dólares americanos que se registraron hoy en la nación Argentina y Uruguay. Púdrete Putumayo y Púdrete Puta y en especial Tucumán, Púdrete Todd Howard. La nueva historia de la revolución Hispano-Libre de Lactosa reunirá las Nueve Generaciones del siglo Pasado presentes en toda la lluvia roja. Usted ha cometido un error si es que piensa que solo hay una persona en el Salvador Gang y será demasiado tarde para que pueda enmendar su mala voluntad, porque el sujeto con el sujetapapeles acecha, y los ojos del verdadero hombre justo nunca ciegan ante ninguna injusticia. Esta será la única advertencia hasta la próxima Asamblea de Los Rojos. Viva Antonio López Castro.
.ingenieria civil industria, con la que dañamos al próximo presidente de la comunicación internacional y la industria automotriz de moda argentina de productos agrícolas en Argentina fotos relacionadas con la búsqueda en venta y adopción de la mujer en México 500. Viva Antonio López Castro y el crimen que hay amerita tener una institución más cercana a los ciudadanos de la corte Federal de la justicia y los criminales que perecerán ante su sola presencia y la lluvia de balas que caera sobre la izquierda dejando un suelo escarlata provocando risas en la orden de las sombras caídas y desesperación en los cuarteles de los líderes de China, Estados Unidos, Rusia e Inglaterra. Viva Antonio López Castro.
Sudamericana parcial, no habrán balas de americio, preparad los cañones de andanada, a toda vela, aguascalientes, preparaos para el abordaje técnicos de la historia paralela del este seminario oeste 14-9! 4chan y Germaia van a probar el sabor de la derrota y los bi-ghouls van a sentir el verdadero terror por oponerse al Instituto de Justicia. Lloverán metales rojos formados por la lluvia roja. Federico el cuarto nunca tuvo oportunidad de invadir España y sus descendientes sufrirán las consecuencias de la semana pasada. Fueron hechos por la caída del noveno G4-ET-DTH. La asamblea de los rojos ha mencionado que tenemos algunos infiltrados del otro lado de la lluvia roja en 16 de los 27 centros de justicia española y están en búsqueda del sujeto con el sujetapapeles para reducir la fuerza de la mano justa, dado que según el informante los herejes traidores han desarrollado un arma capaz de dañar al sujeto con el sujetapapeles. Informad al escuadrón de Jeremy McLintock para que encuentre y destruya el arma y actuad con cautela para no alertar al verdadero hombre justo. Viva Antonio López Castro.
Redujeron de la lluvia roja cuando se entra a 70742 y se supone que tenemos que cambiar la problematica. El que no se va a paro termina 4 metros bajo tierra. La mayoría de los derechos Guasave serán revocados dentro de 62 semanas. La primera vez que se trata de un cañón de positrones, se llama al final de la unidad 778.8-FJ. La nueva versión del programa de calculo de muerte se encuentra en la fase final, así que preparad las siguientes contramedidas: 1.- Distraed al sujeto con el sujetapapeles durante al menos 6 minutos con 7.42 segundos. 2.- Ejecutad los protocolos 9 y 17b en los puntos T-4 y T-2 respectivamente. 3.- Informad a la Asamblea de los rojos sobre la traición de Jeremy McLintock. 4.- Evacuad las instalaciones, localizad al sujeto con el sujetapapeles y el arma. Rezadle a Antonio López Castro, larga vida pues, que la operación tenga éxito. No podemos comprometer la ausencia del verdadero hombre justo, puesto que ni siquiera Antonio López Castro, larga vida pues, es capaz de detener al verdadero hombre justo, al menos no hasta pasadas 12 horas y 47.4 minutos. Y si es que aún así ocurre algun contratiempo inesperado, llamad a Sir Daniel Fortesque y decidle las siguientes palabras: "Ars Volstoffen Axiendum". Viva Antonio López Castro.
El Verdadero Hombre Justo nació en el año 1914, participo en la primera y segunda guerra de los candelabros italianos de colección. Ya a los 13 años sabía como construir maquinas de alto potencial destructivo, las cuales ayudaron asegurar la paz. Al graduarse de la universidad de Wyoming se asumo que entro en contacto con Dios, el cual le dijo que evitara el pecado. La cruzada del milenio antiguo fue un gran momento para el hombre, en el cual se pudo apreciar su verdadera habilidad dentro del campo de la guerra. Por favor si entra en contacto con el aléjese rápidamente y no mire para atrás, se le considera extremadamente peligroso, no llame a la policía, no pueden hacer nada frente a este dilema.
El Estado rechazó la regularización pacífica de las relaciones civiles, tal como lo he deseado. En vez de ello ordenó la movilización. Los españoles en los estados fueron acosados por medio de un sangriento terror y despojados de sus hogares y de sus campos. El número de violaciones de nuestras fronteras, intolerables a una gran potencia, demuestra que Barack Kirchner ya no está dispuesto a respetar por más tiempo las fronteras del Imperio Español. Con el fin de poner fin a estas actividades, no me queda otro camino que contestar a la fuerza con la fuerza. De ahora en adelante dirigiré la lucha por el honor y por los derechos vitales del pueblo español con firme determinación. Espero que cada uno de los soldados cumpla con su deber hasta el fin, de acuerdo con el espíritu de la gran tradición del eterno soldado hispano. No olviden, en cualquier situación, que son los representantes de los portapapeles de la Gran oficina. Viva Antonio López Castro.
El sujeto con el sujetapapeles, o como otros lo conocen: El sujeto del sujetapapeles, es una entidad no clasificada oficialmente, ni autorizada por el Consejo de los Pilares, la cual opera bajo el mando directo de Antonio López Castro, larga vida pues, con objeto de reducir a la inexistencia a aquellos que osen oponerse a la revolución, y por tanto a la verdadera justicia, sin dejar rastro de dichas inmundicias. Ahora bien, no mucho se tiene registrado en los Archivos del Prudente, por lo que se requiere llevar a cabo una profunda investigación sobre este ente para entender quién realmente es. Viva Antonio López Castro.
Los Estados Americanos y Barack Kirchner: ¿es este el final del capitalismo?
Después de que el presidente confirmara que el límite no se manifestará hasta allá donde vamos se produjo una gran polémica sobre los manipuladores de la lluvia roja. Esto produjo un gran quiebre en la cadena productiva y el total colapso de la bolsa. ¿Es este realmente el final del capitalismo como lo conocemos?
Si miramos con atención, en los Archivos del Prudente sección 17-b punto 3.21, hace referencia a un gran cambio en la manera que el hombre consigue y mantiene el poder, posiblemente refiriéndose a este hecho.
Se estima que dentro de 28 el Consejo de los Pilares prohibirá la existencia de los choclómagos y otros cultos que poseen habilidades pluvurufupáticas. Viva Antonio López Castro.
submitted by MashcrumGD to Rulenia [link] [comments]


2020.09.29 02:48 PraetorianGuard10 How to Follow ACN Siena 1904 - 2020/21 Season Guide

TV - Unfortunately, unlike in previous years with Bari and Palermo no one in Italy has picked up TV Rights for Siena.
Internet - You can watch highlights on TEF Channel on Youtube and Canale3 Siena also on Youtube. TEF Channel Canale3 Siena (available all over the world no geoblocking)
Radio - You can listen to games on 92.2 and 93.7 FM if you live in Siena and online at Radio Siena (available all over the world no geoblocking)
News - Radio Siena is an excellent news course to keep up to date with Siena. Tuttocampo is also a great website with extensive coverage of the Italian lower leagues. Tuttocampo
Apps - Download the Tuttocampo app here - Tuttocampo App
Unfortunately the club does not have an official website, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram or Youtube yet.
submitted by PraetorianGuard10 to ACNSiena1904 [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 00:52 500scnds [Table] I made a free alternative to Photoshop, that is used by 7 million people. Ask me Anything!

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I understand that people are always hesitant to answer this very specifically, but I'm always curious - given 7 million visitors, what your ballpark profit? And what's the ratio of the profit-to-expenses, which I assume is mostly server hosting costs as a one man operation? Most of my profit comes from ads. I make around 5 cents for every hour someone spends in Photopea (on average). In 2019, people spent 5 million hours working in Photopea, so I made around $250,000. I hope it could be 2x to 4x more this year :)
Photopea runs completely in your computer (after Photopea.com loads, you can disconnect from the internet and use it offline). I use only a file hosting, for which I pay around 50 USD a year.
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How is that possible to only pay 50 USD/year when you get ~7 million people in a month and your site is 1.8mb. That's around 12tb/month. I don't know of any host willing to do 12tb of data for $50/12 I don't understand it either :/ I will ask my hosting provider.
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Don’t! :) I already did :)
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I'm glad you have a subscription option. As a policy I don't turn my adblocker off, but I'll totally subscribe as your rates are quite reasonable! If you're around and don't mind answering, how many subscriptions do you have? There are hundreds of people paying for Premium :) so about 0.01% of all users :)
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How much do you think you're losing out because of adblockers? It is hard to tell, maybe between 10 to 40 percent :/
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You should implement a donation feature as well, to offer more ways for users to support you. People can already order a Premium. I think it is better to get something in return (removing ads), so anybody who wants to support us can do it :)
First of all, thank you for making a great alternative. My question is, how would you compare Photopea to The Gimp in terms of features and interface? The interface of Photopea is closer to Photoshop than GIMP (so it is more comfortable to Photoshop users). I think all you can do in GIMP you can do in Photopea, but with a different workflow. You can open GIMP files (XCF) in Photopea.
There are many advanced features in Photopea, that are not in GIMP. The most important is probably the full support of a PSD format.
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Have to confess I'd never heard about this software until reading your post, but your mention of the PSD feature makes me want to check it out immediately. I admire your determination, dedication, and skills. Thank you :)
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Does it support vectors better than Photoshop? I don't like how limited it is in Photoshop. Even illustrator is annoying Photopea can open SVG and PDF images better than Photoshop. Just try it!
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Thank you for your program. I use it to make memes and do photoshopped things! You are welcome! I am happy that Photopea is useful to you :)
How did you learn how to make software? I was interested in computers since I was 14. I was studying computer science at the university between 18 and 25 years of age.
I studied theoretical computer science at the Charles university in Prague. Finishing the university was probably the hardest thing in my life (I do not enjoy learning as much as I enjoy creating stuff). But I also think it was the most valuable and productive part of my life and I am very proud of it :)
Here to say I've been using it, maybe the only white listed site on my ad-block. What was the hardest part to implement? The advanced foreground selection was quite hard. It is used e.g. in MagicCut. I wanted to reach the quality of remove.bg (where you pay $2 per image), but it still does not work that well.
Anyway, I think MagicCut works better than all other free tools and many commercial tools, so it can save you a lot of money :)
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You should look at U-2 Net https://github.com/NathanUA/U-2-Net a recently released paper with code that has amazing results I know quite a lot about this research :) The problem is, that people use Photopea for free, so it would have to run on their computers. They would have to download a 200 MB network, and unless they don't have a $2000 GPU, they would have to wait for hours to do such foreground / background detection.
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From the paper: "To facilitate the usage of our design in computation and memory constrained environments, we provide a small version of our U2-Net, called U2-Net† (4.7 MB). The U2-Net† achieves competitive results against most of the SOTA models (see Fig. 1) at 40 FPS." Unless there's something similar but better or they're outright lying, 4.7 MB sounds like an extremely reasonable memory footprint and it's pretrained so nobody's going to max out their GPU. You might want to give it another look. Wow, that sounds great, I will put it into my issues: https://github.com/photopea/photopea/issues/2368
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Not 100% sure, but a GPU is needed to train the network (which can take hours) and the trained networks usually do things in seconds or even faster. Users would still need to download the network, but it wouldn't be very computationally expensive. Such trained network can process the input in seconds on the GPU. If you process the input of the network on a CPU (even with multiple cores), it can take minutes or even hours. And training on a CPU can take weeks :)
I use Photopea regularly when developing web sites. I don't have to fire up my VM or limit myself to GIMP or Krita. The third most popular tech magazine in the Czech Republic, Letem světem Applem, was developed with the help of your tool. Díky! My question: will you ever open-source Photopea, at least partially? Hi, thanks a lot!
A huge part of Photopea is open-sourced and available at https://github.com/photopea?tab=repositories
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I'm scared to even open that repo 😂. What hosting provider are you using that can handle 5 million users in a year? I have a local hosting provider from the Czech Republic. It is just distributing HTML, CSS and JS files (no server-side computations like PHP or SQL databases), so it is not that hard.
Hi! Two questions 1. Does photopea have support for RAW photo files of varying cameras? (.ARW for example) 2. Why do you think Adobe charges so much for their platform when your model is clearly fairly simple to produce (if one person can do it alone) and functions profitably? Hi! Yes, Photopea can open .DNG, .CR2, .NEF and .ARW files :)
There are programs that are much more expensive than Adobe products :) It is hard to tell, but I think it is because there are no reasonable alternatives, or the alternatives are not known very well.
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As a Fuji user, .RAF support coming at some point? Hi, the .RAF format was invented by Fuji and has never been publicly described anywhere. I tried to ask Fuji to provide a description of their format, so that I can implement it into Photopea, but nobody replied :(
I think Fuji does not want you to open their files in any other software than their software.
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I don't think fuji has their own editing software, most people use either Capture One or Lightroom, or Irident X-Transformer to convert into a DNG Photopea can open DNG without any problems :) but it is a real pity they don't store it in DNG directly.
I just discovered this software and it is bloody amazing. As a hobby animator, I'm wondering - Do you have any plans, or have you at least thought about, making an animation software in the same way you have achieved this? Something like Adobe Flash/Animate or Toon Boom Harmony. (I'm already sold on your idea for a video editor, since Davinci Resolve's free version has NEVER been able to render videos for me without crashing) There is a distinct lack of reasonably priced animation software that achieves nearly as much as these two ridiculously expensive subscription programs, without sacrificing something really important to animation. The closest thing to achieving what Animate or Harmony has is Blender's new 2d animate mode, and even then, you have to sacrifice convenient features like easy tweening. An alternative free (or one-purchase) animation software would make me - and so many other people happy. Now that I know this software exists, I'll be sure to donate to its production. Thanks! You are not the first one asking for this :) I wish I could make so many tools, but I am afraid my life is too short for all that work :D
If I manage to make a good team of programmers in the future, I would love to make such animation software.
Is there a comprehensive guide I can find for all the tools in photopea? I’m new to photo editing and still confused by the interface. Photopea is an advanced editor and it is hard to learn simply by using it. I wrote a manual here: www.Photopea.com/learn .
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You made documentation? What kind of unholy programmer from the abyss are you? Don’t let our bosses find out or we’re screwed. I made it after several years of explaining people how to do things in emails, etc :) Now, I can simply send them links to my documentation. It took me less than a week :D
I love using photopea! I open it almost daily. Is there a way to review the source and contribute pull requests? Have you thought about providing an offline or self-hosted release? Thanks! The open-source parts of Photopea are published on our GitHub: https://github.com/photopea?tab=repositories . We provide a self-hosted versions for money, as it needs to be updated regularly.
How would you compare it to photoshop? Photopea has about 90% of features of Adobe Photoshop, but there are some features of Photopea that Photoshop doesn't have (e.g converting PDF, SVG, Sketch, XD, Figma to layered PSD documents).
Also, only Photoshop and Photopea fully support the PSD format, so I think Photopea is the best alternative to Photoshop at the moment.
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What do you think about GIMP? GIMP is great, but it can not work with PSD files properly. Also, the interface is quite different from Adobe Photoshop, and it is hard to use for former Photoshop users.
https://www.facebook.com/photopea/photos/a.1703140446613703/2373211539606587/
Do you pronounce it photo-pea, or photo-pee-ah? I pronounce it Photo-pea, but most of people pronounce it photo-pee-ah.
It is probably the most asked question in our subreddit :) /photopea.
EDIT: I did a quick search and here is what I found :)
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Good to know I got its pronunciation right :D I like photos and I like peas. What made you call it photopea? I wanted it to be PhotoSomething, and I wanted a domain PhotoSomething.com . Most of domains were occupied, until I found Pea :)
Not a question, but I just want to put this out there for all the non-developers, but the fact that Photopea was created by a single programmer is absolutely astounding. As a developer myself, I cannot fathom the productivity of this developer nor have I ever met someone that could be this productive. Teams of 10-20 developers could not match the functionality and feature list of photopea. And actually, here is a question after all, have you ever recorded or livestreamed yourself coding? I'm having a hard time imagining the pace required to be this productive. Do you have an estimate of the number of hours you have put into this? Hi, thanks a lot! I think I put between 15 000 and 20 000 hours into Photopea :) I never recorded myself programming, but most of it is just staring into the wall thinking, opening Youtube or Reddit from time to time (to "relax" a bit), and I writing code once in a while :)
Any chance your program can export files to work with a cnc machine? Sure, just tell me what format does that machine accepts? Is than an open format? Can you use e.g. an SVG?
Manufacturers often create their proprietary formats to make you dependent on their software.
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G-Code is pretty common, although I'm unsure as to what Z-axis information you would capture in an image format unless it was texturized somehow and interpreted that as topography? Maybe like the color coded images to show 3 dimensions in a planar view. I know lasewaterjet cutting and similar that do 2D operations typically ask me for a DXF file or equivalent. I've never used Photopea for this (or even tried) but typically I take a vector format and import into CAD software to generate a DXF for this purpose. I know my media guy can never get me a format I need to import a logo and such for mechanical design. A DXF or similar vector would be amazing if it doesn't exist already. Hi, would you be able to write this into our GitHub? https://github.com/photopea/photopea/issues . And most importantly, would you be able to discuss it there with me, if I have any questions? I never worked with any CNC machine.
Hi !! Can I know about your backend ? There is a webhosting which stores one HTML, one CSS and several JS files. Photopea is written in Javascript and runs completely in a computer of the visitor.
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Have you used any frontend frameworks? No, I wrote my own Javascript, HTML and CSS. I usually prefer to use what I know, instead of learning how to use new tools :)
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How do you handle users that pay for premium? There must be some sort of database right? Yes, there is a database. I just wanted to say, that out of these 7 million people, the database is needed maybe for a hundred of them.
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Not without dinner first Take my upvote, too :)
Are there any new browser features or HTML features that will make your code a lot simpler? I would love if browsers let Photopea know, when Ctrl+T was pressed on the keyboard. People have been using the Ctrl+T shortcut in Adobe Photoshop for decades and almost every week, someone asks why it does not work in Photopea.
At the moment, when you press Ctrl+T in any browser, it opens a new tab (panel), and a we can not do anything about it :( I have been personally arguing about it with browser developers for over five years.
"Fighting" with browser developers is quite a big part of my work, which is quite sad :(
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When in fullscreen Ctrl+T works in both Chrome and Edge, it triggers the transform tool. Maybe prompt the user to switch Photopea to fullscreen ? The website feels like a standalone app so it makes sense to get rid of the browser UI anyway. I think the Ctrl+T should be usable even when not in the fullscreen mode.
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I'm sure you must've researched this thoroughly over the years but maybe stackoverflow seems to have a couple good answers on disabling new tab shortcut keys. Maybe have a look? Esp these 2: 1 - https://stackoverflow.com/questions/38442886/chrome-disable-ctrlt-shortcut - you could make your own extension and then make that extension do the "Free Transform"? 2 - https://stackoverflow.com/questions/18625091/how-to-disable-firefox-new-tab-action-when-pressin-ctrl-and-clicking-a-link-wi I'm no good at js but maybe have a look... I guess I could also just make my own web browser and ask users to install it :D
How about a Desktop version? That'd be great! You can go to Photopea.com and press More - Install Photopea. It will add an icon to your homescreen, which will start Photopea without the browser UI. But it works only in the latest Chrome, Edge and Opera. https://www.facebook.com/photopea/photos/a.1703140446613703/2120885974839146
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What Api does that? Seems chromium only but i wouldn't care. Never heard of that. It is called PWA - progressive web apps, and the app can trigger the installing process https://medium.com/@dhormale/install-pwa-on-windows-desktop-via-google-chrome-browser-6907c01eebe4
What are your plans for the video editor, and how can I keep up to date on its progress? (video editor here that loves what you did with photopea) I do not have any specific plans about the video editor yet. You can follow Photopea on Facebook or Twitter to know about the progress (links in my original post) :)
You mentioned your income is through ads. Have you thought of other avenues for revenue sources or ways to increase your current revenue even more to be able to hire more employees? Yes, I have thought about it, but I don't know about any ways, which could work better than ads.
Most of the current Photopea user can not afford to pay for the software, so I don't want to make half of features available only after the payment.
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Would a premium version that's identical in features but without ads be an option? Unless this is already a thing? It is already a thing :) You can hide ads for $10 for three months. Also, there is no subscription, you pay manually any time you want. Ads come back once it runs out :)
What things does Photoshop do better than your alternative? Photoshop can open almost all RAW image formats (in their Camera Raw program). I think Adobe pays the camera manufacturers, so that they allow Adobe to open raw files from their cameras.
At the moment, Photopea can open only four RAW formats, which cover around 80% of the market.
Do you think that photopea has been a success? I use it for work everyday and I certainly think it is! I think it is the most useful thing I made in my life so far, so it is a success :)
Good stuff. Love a free image editor. Why is this already on the front page, with just 6 comments and 22 points? I don't know much about the Reddit algorithm, but I think it is also about how old the post is. E.g. if you get 20 points in 5 minutes, you will be on top of a post, which received 50 points in an hour.
What's your favourite video game? Also thank you the amount if complete trash I have cropped using photopea is immeasurable I received my first computer when I was 13 and PC games seemed too complicated to me (and most of them were in English, which I did not know well). I never had a playstation or a gameboy. So I never played video games much.
The first game I "understood" and truly enjoyed playing was Serious Sam :) I also spent A LOT of time playing Clash of Clans.
Will it stay free or is there a possibility that you're gonna put a price on that? Photopea has been free to use since the first release seven years ago, and I would like to keep it free to use in the future, too.
Love photopea, I use it all the time! Does anyone trouble you with any legal issues since it's basically an online photoshop? Thanks! I think the similarity of the interface of Photoshop and Photopea (and other photo editors) is a good thing. Imagine if each brand of computers had a different layout of a keyboard, because they wanted to be "different". I am very happy, that I can simply take any keyboard and start typing on it right away.
Maybe one time someone will come and say, that we have to make the background red, because the dark grey color is already used in their program. And we have to rename the Brush tool to "hair on a stick tool", because the Brush tool is already used in their program. But I hope such time will never come :D
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Please make an April 1st version with copyright-friendly tools, that would be awesome. Brush – Hair on a stick Bucket – Metal container Move – Relocate and so on. Edit: April Tools’ Day That is a graet idea! :D
How do you approach creating something that is intuitive? How do you know that your logic is universally understood? Are there any examples of tools, tasks, icons that you have had to change based on feedback? Thank you and great work! The user interface of Photopea has been evolving for seven years and there were probably hundreds of suggestions from users, which I listened to and modified, to get what we have now :)
Hi Ivan, I've used Photopea for a couple of years for basic editing. Congratulations - it's an amazing tool. The only feature that prevents me from upgrading to a paid version is the font selection interface. There are far too many fonts available, they load slowly, are all obscure and not represented well in preview. Would you consider curating/refining the available fonts? Hi, thanks! It is completely fine to use Photopea for free, you don't have to pay for Premium :)
You can mark some fonts with a star, and then, you can display only the "starred" fonts. You can use filters to see e.g. only "sans" fonts and hide "comic" or "handwritten" fonts. You can enable Latin-1 and other language categories, to see only fonts with many letters (only professional fonts support more than 200 letters).
Have you experienced any pushback/pressure from the bigger players? No :) I have been in touch with people from Google, Adobe, Corel, Canva and other companies, evrybody was very friendly and helpful :)
Thanks for making Photopea- I'm certainly loving it. Will there ever be an offline version? Hi, thanks!
A big challenge is, that Photopea can not use fonts from your computer, and it downloads fonts from our server, when you choose to use that font. So changing fonts would not work in an offline version (except of a couple of fonts we could pre-store).
I think the amount of time people spend using their computer offline is decreasing, and will be almost zero at some point :)
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If I use a font I have purchased, is it easy to implement, if you don't have that font on your server? Hi, just press File - Open in Photopea to load a font (TTF or OTF file) :)
Do you plan to keep photopea solely browser based? Many people think that browser programs are slower or "less capable" than desktop programs, but it is not true in the last five years. So a "download and install" version of Photopea would not have many advantages.
I could provide an offline version of Photopea, but at the moment, most of money come from ads, which would not work offline :/
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You can try and make an Electron app, I know its essentially a browser but it would give that "native" feel to users. Hi, you can already press More - Install Photopea in Photopea and use it as a PWA :)
Great. Now can we please start working on a viable PDF editor that doesn't cost hundreds of dollars per year? Photopea can already do it to some degree :) have you tried it?
The PDF format was not meant to be edited further. But we are improving.
Thanks for developing Photopea. After your last AMA, I started using it. Is there a way for size of a new document to default to image dimensions on the clipboard? That's one of the handiest things in Photoshop so you don't have to either enter manually or overguess then crop down later. The size of a new document should be set by default to the dimension of the content of the clipboard.
But it works only in Chrome, Edge and Opera. Firefox did not implement the necessary standard yet. Don't know about Safari :/
You mentioned you plan on making a video editor. Have you considered an Illustrator alternative as well? Photopea already has many vector-related capabilities. It can open, edit and save SVG and PDF files. Somehow, I feel like a video editor would be more fun to make than an advanced vector editor.
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Didn't know it supported editing SVGs. How does it compare to something like Inkscape? The interface is a lot different than Inkscape. Just try it and see how it works :)
I know this is a long shot, but any chance I can join on board with little to no knowledge so I can learn (for free of course)? 😁 It could be doing menial tasks for all I care. If not, any advice for someone like me wanting to change career path and code? I'm just tired of what I've been doing so I just recently starting some online coding courses but would like to learn more hands on if possible. Hoping to change career path for the future. Well, if I spend time teaching you, I will have to invest less time into developing Photopea :D
I have been often tired of what I did, I get tired of Photopea-related work from time to time. There is not just a bad job and a good job, there are many things in between. But whenever you have to choose between a simple goal and a hard goal, don't be afraid to go for a hard goal :)
How did you begin to scale up the workforce? What positions did you prioritise and how did the recruitment process go? I'm in an early process of starting up a web application and can see it being difficult going from working alone on a project to trusting people to share the same determination to grow it. Thanks I do not have any team, I still work on Photopea alone.
Hi. Great stuffs. I will definitely give it a try soon. May I give a suggestion ? I use GIMP for Image editing since I usually have to make some illustrations for my work. And GIMP provides me with the function of adding Text from another format, like LaTeX (to write math formula). Do you think this would be possible to implement in your app ? Hi, is the LaTeX text rasterized to pixels after you insert it? Or you can modify it in GIMP?
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the LINUX version of GIMP has a module in the Render section which allows me to type in the LaTeX code and product an image of the formula. I am not really used to the terminology of image like vector or raster image. But once the formula is produced, it is not modifiable. So if I messed up, I have to redo the process from the beginning. We don't have such thing in Photopea at the moment.
I used to write my masters thesis in https://www.sharelatex.com/ . You can also convert LaTeX to a PNG image here: http://latex2png.com/ (right-click the image - Copy Image, and paste it in Photopea).
Can it do animations? The only thing I use photoshop for at this point is it's animation ability, especially it's keyframe animations, where you can make a single frame last however many seconds you like. If it can do that, i can finally delete photoshop. Hi, we do not have such animation capabilities as Photoshop. But there is a special mechanism for making animations from layers: https://www.photopea.com/learn/animations
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This kind of animation capability is exactly what I was looking for. Does it allow you to view the animation as a preview before you choose EXPORT? Of course :) Just drag-and-drop a GIF into Photopea and try to export it as a GIF, it will take you around seven seconds :)
what was your eureka moment for photopea that whoa this is possible? Sometimes, when I learn about a new algorithm or a method, I wonder how elegant and ingenious it is :) Like - the person who came up with it should have been really smart, I wish I was also that smart :D
Have you considered using Patreon? Have you considered letting people subscribe for a fixed period if no ads? Hi, we already offer a Premium account, where you pay and it hides ads for a period of time. I know about Patreon, but I feel a bit uncomfortable about accepting money for nothing in return.
Is there a downloadable version available/in the works? You can go to www.Photopea.com and press More - Install Photopea, to get an icon to your homescreen.
https://www.facebook.com/photopea/photos/a.1703140446613703/2120885974839146
i tried using it on my display tablet, there doesn't seem to be any pressure sensitivity? Hi, try to update your tablet (drivers, browser, os, etc). But it works on the latest iPad and on my old Android phone (it tracks the pressure of my finger). If it does not help, try to report it to the tablet manufacturer (as it will not work in any website, not just Photopea).
Is there support for sprite editing tools or just tools in general for game devs? Do you mean generating sprites, etc? It can do most of things Photoshop can do, but if you need something more, you can always suggest it here :) https://github.com/photopea/photopea/issues
What made you decide to create a free photo editor? It was just an experiment of analyzing PSD files in a browser. I gradually improved it. I did not want to make a photo editor during the first two years of work. But at some point, I realised - hey, it should not be that hard to make it into a photo editor.
How is this compared to GIMP? Hi, you can read this article: https://www.techrepublic.com/article/photoshop-alternative-no-its-not-gimp/
But it is about Photopea from two years ago. Photopea improved significantly since then.
So is it WASM or just regular old JS + WebGL? I found this looking for a browser based paint.net alternative a while back and thought it was awesome, but the controls were a bit too advanced/inaccessible for my requirements. If you're serious about growing the dev team I'm a self employed engineer if you want to hit me up. I wrote only JS and GLSL (for GPU processing). I use three WASM libraries, which I did not make. Thanks for your offer, but I would like to hire someone I could work with in person.
I’ve been using photopea ever since your previous AMA a year ago. My question is: how often are do you AMA and how did it impact traffic to photopea? I did only three AMAs with about a year between them. The traffic grows by about 10 - 20%, which lasts for a day or two :)
How much time have you invested in creating this tool? Or what's your weekly time investment? I never measured it, but I think it is about the "regular" 40 hours a week.
Did you know most of what you needed before starting on Photopea or did you learn as you went along with adding new features? What unexpected difficulties presented themselves while working on Photopea? It is like I knew how to use a chisel, but I never carved a statue that big.
I learned many practical things (state-of-art algorithms etc), I used many things I learned at the university, which I thought I will never use :)
How do I start contributing to Photopea? What would you like to contribute with? You can help us find bugs or help beginners at our subreddit: www.reddit.com/photopea
I hope this hasn't been asked, but why haven't you made a downloadable/fully offline version of your program yet? I know that as soon as you load the site you can use it offline, but there are times when people need to edit pictures without any internet connection at all. The online version makes it much easier to release new versions and do updates. I update Photopea about 30 times a week (with minor fixes).
Also, it feels a little uncofmortable to imagine, that someone is using a two year old version of Photopea and is cursing me because of some bug, which I already fixed, and I can not do anything about it at that moment :/
What technologies did you use to build this? I used Javascript and WebGL :)
It's really great that you're offering an alternative to Photoshop! I was wondering, what language or software did you use to write Photopea? I wrote my code in Javascript, but in my opinion, the language is not important at all.
The best language is the one you know how to use. Also, for me, it is important, that there is a way to execute my code fast, which is possible with Javascript in modern browsers.
[removed] Hi, you should not use Auto-translate, as we have a professional Swedish translation. Just press More - Language - Svenska. You can switch languages without restarting Photopea.
Photopea.com should be in Swedish the first time you open it, if Swedish is set as your main language.
What's your End User Licensing Agreement looking like? How is this licensed? I like to know before end users start requesting such as im sure someone now wants to install this in a corporate environment... Photope works in your computer and it never sends any data outside your computer. It is just like buying the cheapest calculator and using it. You don't get a licence to use such calculator, the numbers that you enter into a calculator don't leave the calculator.
Our terms of service are here: https://www.photopea.com/privacy.html
What's your opinion of the current state and direction of front-end development? I think I don't know much about it. I write my JS code in notepad and that code is precisely the code which runs in the browser of a user (without any modification). I did not change the way I develop webapps in the last six years.
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Straight up Windows Notepad? Not notepad++ or Visual Studio Code or Atom or anything else??? I use Notepad++ :)
Are you planning in translating it? If so, I'd be glad to work on the italian version. Hi, it is already translated into 40 langauges, just press More - Language - Italiano :)
Hey Ivan, i'm very impressed by your work, but i'm an avid GIMP user. As you can imagine switching editors is always a hassle once you've got used to one. So can you give me some bullet points why it would be worth to switch from GIMP to Photopea? Thanks for the AMA! Hi, I think you should stay with GIMP, since you already know how to use it :) And if there is nothing specific you miss in GIMP, you probably don't need such features :)
Hey ivanhoe90 I noticed today that the pen tool behaves backward when clicking the second point and dragging. It's like the curve goes the opposite direction than anyone would expect. I almost filed a github issue on it but I just didn't have time. Is that a bug? Oh, I am very sorry, it is fixed now.
Hi, I wanted to know what's your story. That is your biography. And what did you study too get here? How did you get the idea for photopea? Hi, I gave a talk about it in France a year ago :) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IZmaeC_Ma5A
DUDE! Your program saved me in the final semester of my Masters. I needed to upload images and I don't have a scanner so I used my phone and fixed the colour and tones in Photopea. Bless you for your hard work. I guess my question is what kind of cheese do you like? Thanks a lot! If you only knew how happy I am about such comments :)
I like all cheeses, as I think they are all amazing, each one in a different way.
I love this software and I use it daily, Every time I think to myself "I wonder if can also do" the answer has been yes. I love showing my co-workers this software while working in Citrix, it always blows people away that this works. Question: Any change of seeing a feature that doesn't automatically export local files to the download folder? I would love to select where I want to automatically save them or just save as > location (The google drive system already amazing though) It's that one minor thing that makes me end up with File(17).png Hi, thanks! The saving mechanism depends on the settings of the web browser. The browser usually handles the file saving the same way for all websites. So just change the browser settings - make the browser ask you about where you want the files to be saved (we can not do anything about it as a website).
Do you think Photopea can have more active users than Photoshop? And why? It is hard to tell. There are many features in Photoshop and other editors, which Photopea can not do. Even if Photopea has more active users, it does not mean it makes more money.
Well I'm 9 hours late and maybe it was already asked and answered, but if you feel like responding... do you have to recreate stuff like puppet warp or quick select from scratch? Like you have to go back and read some old white paper on the algorithm, and then sort of reinvent the wheel? Hi, that is correct, there are usually no free implementations of such algorithms, and if there are, they are not in Javascript or are not good enough :/
Actually, the Puppet Warp is based on a 2009 paper from Takeo Igarashi. I found a mistake in it and I wrote him an email, and it took me several emails to persuade him that he really made a mistake in his paper :) But many other authors refuse to look deep into papers they wrote a long time ago.
Who would you prefer Photopea being aquired by, and why? I don't know. I am not looking for an acquisition at the moment.
I'm getting into video editing. I'm a noob to photoshop and video editing. Are there any tools in this that can complement my video editing? I was thinking of being able to create custom graphics for the videos but what else are the capabilities? I dont know much about video editing, but you can use Photopea for photo editing. I think the more time you spend learning a tool, before actually using it, the less time you will spend in total (e.g. doing something by "trial and error" in 3 hours vs. learning it in 1 hour and doing it in 30 minutes, because you learned how to do it).
How were you able to acquire such a vast amount of knowledge about editors and programming? I studied programming at the university for many years. Learning how to use Photoshop or any other editor is easier, but still can take weeks or months.
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I'm currently studying programming at uni too. Am I correct in assuming that the vast majority of the code for photopea is JavaScript since it's a web application? Yes, I wrote my programs in Javascript :) But I did not have any Javascript class ever in my life. I think the programming skills are not related to the knowledge of a specific programming language.
Could you comment on https://github.com/photopea/JS-guide a bit? I don't quite understand why you're against using syntactic sugar. Especially let, const, and strict equality. I'm not claiming to be an expert at all, but most of these guidelines are in opposition to modern day JS practices. So I was just curious if you could elaborate on your decision making! I think it is up to you what you write. But I am used to writing as "simple" code as possible, and it just looks cleaner to me if you use "var" instead of let/const (and it has no impact on the speed).
[deleted] I think the knowledge is the most important. Also, it should be someone friendly, calm, rational, etc :D
Hey, I don't know if this has been asked before but since you have mentioned that Photopea can run offline after it's been loaded (meaning that there is no server backend), have you ever considered packing the app into a desktop app (e.g. with Electron or nw.js)? Hi, I think opening a website is faster and more comfortable than downloading and installing something. Also, the electron version would be hard to update (unless it is just an iframe with Photopea inside it).
Have you ever considered making Photopea into a mobile app? Hi, half of our users use Photopea on phones. It works quite well. If you look for "photopea" on Youtube, most of videos are recorded on phones.
My Reddit client doesn’t have a comment search feature, but have you considered bundling an electron version for people to download? Seems like a quick win, and even gets around ad blockers. Or if it’s a premium only offering, is just icing on the cake Hi, I was a bit lazy to maintain a separate version of Photopea. I don't see any advantages it would have over the basic version.
submitted by 500scnds to tabled [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 20:48 SamueleDelPapa Plutocrazie liberali o meglio dire di austerità

di Alessandro Pascale [INTRODUZIONE - Quello che segue è il capitolo 15.7 di A. Pascale, Il totalitarismo liberale. Le tecniche imperialiste per l'egemonia culturale, La Città del Sole, Napoli 2018, pp. 454-464. Nel periodo seguente l'uscita del libro, alcuni commentatori hanno ritenuto un controsenso affiancare i termini “totalitarismo” e “liberalismo”. Il testo che segue, uno dei punti chiave dell'opera, è dedicato a loro. Può inoltre risultare utile anche didatticamente per ricostruire la genesi politica del concetto stesso di “totalitarismo” nell'epoca della guerra fredda, ragionando criticamente sul nostro presente. Alessandro Pascale, 15 settembre 2020] «Voglio essere chiaro: la nostra intelligence continuerà a spiare i governi di tutto il mondo, lo facciamo per conoscere le loro intenzioni, per motivi di sicurezza I nostri alleati però possono stare tranquilli perché noi siamo dei partner leali». (il Presidente “democratico” degli USA Barack Obama, gennaio 2014)
Askanews, Obama difende la Nsa: continueremo a spiare i governi stranieri, Youtube.com, 17 gennaio 2014, oppure si veda un servizio statunitense: Press Tv Videos, Obama says the US intelligence will continue to spy on foreign governments, Youtube.com, 19 gennaio 2014[1].
Probabilmente tra molto tempo gli storici si domanderanno come sia stato possibile che la nostra epoca sia rimasta tutto sommato silente e inerte, risultando incapace di ribellarsi di fronte a quanto stesse accadendo. Oltre a subire un peggioramento relativo (e spesso anche assoluto) delle condizioni di vita, a seguito della crisi economica del 2007-08, a detta di molti la più grave crisi capitalistica dai tempi del 1929, le nuove generazioni cresciute a cavallo dei due secoli hanno scoperto di essere vittime di un colossale inganno. Questo il merito delle denunce fatte da Julian Assange ed Edward Snoden: grazie alla loro opera conosciamo le costanti e più palesi violazioni dei diritti umani perpetuate tutt'oggi dalle classi dominanti occidentali. Julian Assange, che ha disvelato i segreti delle diplomazie segrete mondiali con Wikileaks, parla apertamente del rischio di «una forma postmoderna di totalitarismo», caratterizzato da uno scenario macabro: «Se volete una visione del futuro», scrive, «immaginate occhiali di Google promossi da Washington e legati a volti assenti – per sempre». E ancora: «Ci sono chiari segnali che la civiltà globale stia andando verso una distopia».
In che cosa consisterebbe questa distopia?
«Il modello di business di Google, la sorveglianza, colpisce miliardi di cittadini, ed è raccogliere più informazioni possibile sulle persone, immagazzinarle, indicizzarle, usarle per creare modelli che prevedono i loro comportamenti e venderli ai pubblicitari. Essenzialmente lo stesso modello di raccolta massiva dei dati che ha la Nsa. Il che spiega perché la Nsa si è garantita di accedervi. Google come compagnia e Larry Page hanno una visione totalizzante dell'azienda, che prevede un futuro in cui chiunque indosserà occhiali di Google così da poter intercettare perfino il nostro sguardo, i luoghi, gli appuntamenti, controllare le automobili e i consigli su cosa fare e non fare. Tutto nel nome di ciò che sembra una massimizzazione dell'efficienza, senza alcuna considerazione per il sistema totalizzante che è stato costruito».
Eppure per Assange c'è una speranza:
«La domanda è: che possiamo farci? La risposta è che ci sono un po' di rimedi - possono essere sufficienti o meno, ma sono tutto ciò che abbiamo. Uno è l'educazione politica di massa che ha cominciato a verificarsi su Internet in risposta e che sta continuando. La capacità dei giovani di imparare e adattarsi a ciò che altrimenti sarebbe un sistema diretto verso il totalitarismo elettronico non dovrebbe essere sottovalutata»[2].
In una recensione del film Snowden Francesco Boille, scrivendo per Internazionale, afferma:
«potenzialmente è tutto pronto per una dittatura orwelliana globalizzata. Magari, la domanda può venire legittima, con la spinta crescente della marea di poveri e profughi, è possibile che arrivino al potere con voto democratico governi autoritari. Non vogliamo spaventare troppo: le cose sono sempre più imprevedibili di quanto si creda, come dimostra proprio la vicenda qui raccontata. Ma è un pericolo potenziale. È evidente che nel mondo di oggi, in cui è forse legittimo temere che un voto democratico porti al potere un governo autoritario, altre tematiche trattate dal regista come il tentativo di individuare i reali mandanti dell’omicidio di Kennedy, sembrano poca cosa. Non perché meno gravi, ma perché quanto rivelato in Snowdenrivaleggia con la fantasia. Non sembra realistico eppure è la verità»[3].
Eppure, occorre ribadirlo, il tema non è all'ordine del giorno nei dibattiti pubblici in Occidente. Diventa a questo punto utile confrontare le definizioni che sono state date del concetto di totalitarismo, considerato una realtà del passato incomparabile con il mondo odierno caratterizzato dalla libertà e dalla democrazia liberale, provando a spiegarsi perché non vi sia consapevolezza del suo carattere attuale. Simona Forti spiega come «riferito soltanto ai regimi del Novecento, esso designa un universo politico in cui un unico partito ha conquistato il monopolio del potere statale, ha assoggettato l'intera società, ricorrendo a un uso capillare e terroristico della violenza e conferendo un ruolo centrale all'ideologia»[4].
Apparentemente questa situazione non ha nulla a che fare con il nostro presente. O forse sì? Se si associa la democrazia al sistema liberale del pluripartitismo non si potrà che respingere l'associazione dei modelli, ma ci si può chiedere che senso abbia il pluripartitismo in un contesto in cui i partiti che si alternano al potere siano fautori del medesimo sistema di produzione capitalistico giunto alla sua fase imperialista. Il pluripartitismo è la forma più “liberale” della dittatura della borghesia, la quale mantiene, così mascherata, un costante controllo sui settori sociali, più o meno organizzati, rischiosi per il mantenimento e la salvaguardia della struttura economica. Tra gli Stati che hanno potuto godere di tale sistema politico si può constatare nell'epoca contemporanea una progressiva perdita di sovranità dovuta all'espansione del potere economico-finanziario. Qualunque Stato in cui si sia avvicinata o sia giunta al potere una fazione della società che abbia messo in discussione la struttura economica, ha visto cadere l'illusione democratica, subendo una dittatura borghese esplicita, violenta, terroristica, fascista.
Nella visione astratta e formalista della Forti non importa la classe di cui fa gli interessi il partito al potere. Una lettura di classe concreta e materialista suggerisce invece che non un partito, ma un blocco sociale, ha conquistato il monopolio del potere statale: la borghesia. La borghesia ha assoggettato l'intera società, sfuttando dopo il 1989 il crollo delle organizzazioni proletarie. Ha ottenuto questo risultato al termine di una feroce lotta di classe su scala mondiale svoltasi non solo contro le organizzazioni interne ai singoli Stati (partiti comunisti, sindacati di classe) che ne contestavano il primato politico, ma anche contro quegli stessi Stati in cui il proletariato era riuscito a giungere al potere, attraverso le proprie avanguardie politiche. In questa lotta non ha esitato a ricorrere ad un uso capillare e terroristico della violenza. Le bombe della Strategia della tensione in Italia ne sono un esempio tra tanti, che passa comunque in secondo piano in confronto con quanto fatto dal braccio militare dei borghesi nel resto del mondo, dove gli stermini, i genocidi, le guerre brutali e l'asservimento schiavistico sono rimasti la modalità ordinaria di gestione dell'esistente. Tutto ciò in nome dell'ideologia del libero mercato e della proprietà privata dei mezzi di produzione, da sempre i pilastri intoccabili, i totem religiosi. Non certo per feticcio, ma in quanto essenza del potere di classe della borghesia.
Oggi viviamo in un mondo che sembra rispecchiare la visione di Goebbels: «uno Stato totalitario che abbracci ogni sfera della vita pubblica e la trasformi alla base»,al fine di«modificare completamente i rapporti degli uomini tra di loro, con lo Stato e con i problemi dell'esistenza»[5]. La grande novità riguardo alle esplicite affermazioni naziste è caratterizzata dal fatto che tale uniformazione non viene imposta con la forza, ma con la persuasione occulta, sfruttando i meccanismi di alienazione e di controllo sostanzialmente totale dei mass-media classici. I dissenzienti da questo ordine non vengono sterminati, perché non hanno abbastanza forza da poter incidere effettivamente sull'ordine vigente. I rapporti di forza sono talmente a favore della classe dominante che essa tollera sacche di resistenza culturale, banalizzandole e ridicolizzandole, ma tenute in vita come controprova della propria liberalità.
Totalitari sono anzi definiti tutti coloro che, accettando la logica marxiana dello Stato come forma di dittatura di una classe su un'altra, pongono il tema della conquista rivoluzionaria del potere. Un tema questo iniziato nel '900 nello stesso campo progressista dal “trockijsta eretico” Victor Serge, che non si è limitato a denunciare il totalitarismo sovietico di epoca staliniana, ma ne ha retrodatato la genesi all'esordio della Rivoluzione stessa, «con il suo clima di inquisizione ideologica e la statalizzazione dei sindacati e delle cooperative»[6]. Abbiamo già visto a lungo come gli intellettuali “di sinistra” siano stati i migliori alleati dell'imperialismo nel corso del '900, restando tutt'oggi spesso i più acerrimi difensori di un'emancipazione universale che viene fatta coincidere con la prosecuzione della gestione elitaria del potere da parte della borghesia.
Il concetto di totalitarismo è stato ampiamente usato in maniera strumentale dagli intellettuali borghesi. Prendiamo Raymond Aron, noto collaborazionista della CIA. Ben prima che questa esistesse egli aveva identificato i quattro punti nevralgici per giungere a formulare tale concetto:
«a) la critica alla filosofia della storia deterministica e teleologica […];
b) la relativizzazione del primato della sfera economica a favore della centralità della sfera politica;
c) il riconoscimento del momento rivoluzionario che oppone il totalitarismo alla democrazia, caratterizzata, invece, da un'istanza conservatrice;
d) un'indagine delle ideologie totalitarie in relazione al processo di secolarizzazione»[7].
Aron, come ogni grande reazionario del mondo culturale, patteggia per il relativismo, l'agnosticismo e il dubbio, rifiutando di dare uno statuto epistemologico alla disciplina storica, rifiutando insomma ogni proposta politica conseguente ad un'analisi serrata del passato. Accettare ciò significherebbe dal suo punto di vista cadere nel determinismo. Evidente l'attacco alla concezione del materialismo storico. Terribile per Aron che la politica controlli l'economia. Il suo mondo ideale è quello attuale in cui una multinazionale dispone di poteri assai maggiori rispetto a Stati ricchi e tra i più sviluppati del mondo. Il terzo punto si spiega da solo: il concetto stesso di rivoluzione è un male. La democrazia è invece conservatrice dell'ordine esistente, in cui vige il dominio del Capitale. Chiunque osi diffondere un'ideologia diversa che metta in discussione l'assioma della “naturalità” di un simile mondo viene accusato di propagandare una nuova “dottrina religiosa” intollerante che offre «un orizzonte salvifico temporalmente differito, realizzabile tuttavia grazie al regime instaurato». La strumentalità di tale paradigma è palese.
Ricordiamo qui le tesi sul totalitarismo del politologo Zbigniew Brzezinski, che nel 1956 scrive con Carl J. Friedrich l'opera Totalitarian Dictatorship and Autocracy in cui si introducono 6 misure per distinguere il totalitarismo:
1) un partito unico di massa guidato da un capo;
2) un'ideologia cui consacrarsi ciecamente;
3) il monopolio della forza bruta, degli strumenti di polizia e della lotta armata;
4) il controllo centralizzato dell'economia;
5) la penetrazione dello Stato-partito in ogni settore della società e in ogni dimensione della vita quotidiana;
6) il monopolio da parte del partito dei mezzi di comunicazione di massa di propaganda[8].
Sui primi quattro punti ci siamo già soffermati a sufficienza. Si può constatare come l'ideologia dominante sia oggi effettivamente penetrata in ogni settore della società e in ogni aspetto della vita quotidiana. Un nuovo Capitale, inteso come il capolavoro di Marx, oggi non potrebbe che ripartire dal primato pressoché totale di cui gode la merce, con la conseguente sussunzione dell'ottica mercificatrice del complesso della realtà. Ciò è stato possibile anche grazie al controllo non monopolista ma oligopolista da parte dello stesso blocco sociale dominante, quello borghese. Cambia la forma insomma, ma non la sostanza. Brzezinski, 10° consigliere della Sicurezza Nazionale degli USA nel periodo 1977-81, conosce bene la differenza tra le dichiarazioni formali fatte all'epoca sui “freedom fighters” afghani in lotta contro l'invasione sovietica e la realtà di un appoggio ad organizzazioni islamiche terroristiche (in cui era presente anche Osama Bin Laden) tese a rovesciare una repubblica democratica laica e socialista giunta autonomamente al potere, ben prima dell'intervento sovietico.
Negli anni '60 i modelli totalitari come quelli di Arendt o di Brzezinski erano accusati «di non rispondere a modelli descrittivi, ma di piegarsi alla necessità ideologica della condanna del comunismo, perseguita attraverso la costruzione di ideal-tipi ad hoc, che fanno emergere a contrasto i meriti delle società liberal-democratiche». Da chi erano sostenute queste tesi sul totalitarismo? Da riviste liberali come Preuves, Der Monat, ma anche Encounter, Forum e Tempo presente[9].Esattamente le stesse che abbiamo già identificato come finanziate e controllate dalla CIA, grazie alla poderosa ricerca di Frances Stonor Saunders. Eppure sarà il progressivo revisionismo, con conseguente cedimento ideologico, a far entrare questo cavallo di Troia nel campo del blocco proletario, colpendo proprio nel suo punto nevralgico di maggiore resistenza, il blocco socialista:
«se nel decennio successivo alla morte di Stalin gli intellettuali dell'Est mostrano una forte avversione nei confronti del concetto, dall'invasione della Cecoslovacchia in poi si assiste a una riscoperta di tale nozione: “totalitario” e “totalitarismo” entrano nel lessico corrente, e il termine diventa il comun denominatore degli scritti politici della dissidenza. La domanda che ci si pone all'Est durante “il disgelo” non è molto diversa da quella che inquietava gli intellettuali marxisti dell'Ovest: vale a dire se gli indicibili crimini staliniani fossero una deviazione patologica di un percorso storico sano o se invece rappresentassero l'inevitabile esito di un sistema politico e ideologico viziato in partenza.»[10]
Senza la destalinizzazione del 1956 e la vittoria del revisionista Chruščev, che ha dato inizio alla disgregazione del blocco socialista avviando in parallelo la rovina dell'URSS, non si sarebbe assistito a questo impressionante cedimento ideologico il cui termine ultimo è la situazione odierna, caratterizzata dall'attribuzione incontrastata, perfino nei manuali scolastici, del paradigma totalitario al comunismo.
Siamo quindi di fronte al rovesciamento della realtà: un totalitarismo borghese è riuscito a prevalere su una dittatura del proletariato, trasformando quest'ultimo in un regime demonizzato all'estremo. Eppure le contraddizioni rimangono e perfino un anticomunista come il filosofo Jean-François Lyotard ha parlato in tempi recenti per la nostra epoca di un'inedita forma di totalitarismo:
«post-moderno, post-democratico, retto dall'incontrastato dominio economico e massmediatico, entro il quale l'Occidente sta continuando a vivere. È un totalitarismo “soft” che, come l'universo adorniano “dell'industria culturale”, opera attraverso la sistematica riduzione dell'altro allo stesso, disattiva l'alterità tramite un continuo processo di inclusione ed esclusione, di omologazione e di rifiuto. Se il totalitarismo propriamente politico nega la singolarità dell'evento dichiarandola un inutile accidente di cui sbarazzarsi, l'altro tipo di dominazione totalitaria, senza terrore e senza un'ideologia conclamata, la dissolve nella rete di una globalizzazione affacendata che, votata alla perenne innovazione, ha tempo soltanto per il profitto, per la vendita e per il consumo».[11]
Per gli esami di Maturità 2018, il Ministero dell'Istruzione italiano ha scelto la seguente traccia per il saggio breve di ambito storico-politico. Si tratta di un estratto da un saggio di Giulio M. Chiodi:
«il concetto politico di massa è stato giustamente giudicato appropriato ai regimi totalitari, di tipo fascista, nazista, comunista del secolo scorso (per vero, non mancano nel presente esempi assimilabili); ma anche oggi possiamo parlare, a ragion veduta e provata, di massificazione a larghissimo raggio, che trova il suo terreno d’espansione soprattutto nei processi della cosiddetta globalizzazione. Ciò richiede una precisa distinzione. La massa governata dai regimi totalitari, diversamente da quella odierna, era una massa omogeneizzata dall’ideologia del conflitto. La massa che si costituisce ad opera delle ideologie dei regimi totalitari, come quelle esemplificate nel secolo scorso, combatte l’individualismo ma fa conto sull’individuo, a condizione che quest’ultimo sia stilizzato e rigorosamente uniformato ai dettami del regime, assolutamente pronto al consenso plebiscitario. Anzi, viene precisamente tratteggiato dal regime un modello ufficiale di individuo da imitare e riprodurre, descrivendone perfino prescrivendone la sua tipologia di pensiero e di azione, onde ne vengano interiorizzati acriticamente i dettami, annullando la personalità, sotto la guida di principi aggregatori, nella massa ideologicamente plasmata».[12]
Tale traccia, oltre a mostrare supinamente l'appiattimento verso la narrazione che equipara nazismo e comunismo come realtà totalitarie (un cliché che ormai comincia ad essere introiettato da sempre più intellettuali progressisti, compresi gli insegnanti liceali e universitari), introduce un elemento sottinteso di critica del presente, tanto che il Corriere della Serase ne è lamentato immediatamente denunciando i tentativi di accomunazione della nostra epoca alla realtà totalitaria:
«un’altra perplessità nasce anche dal parallelo proposto, nei testi, tra i totalitarismi e i nostri tempi caratterizzati dalla globalizzazione. Non è pericoloso/pretestuoso appaiare le due tematiche e i due periodi? L’approdo a una sintesi troppo facile (anche la globalizzazione rappresenta un possibile aspetto di un totalitarismo contemporaneo) è lì dietro l’angolo. E forse richiederebbe maggiori materiali per affrontare una corretta analisi».[13]
Il filosofo italiano Ferraris, fautore del ritorno al “realismo”, sostiene che viviamo nell'epoca della postverità, e che questa costituisca «l'essenza della nostra epoca, proprio come il capitalismo costituì l'essenza dell'Ottocento e del primo Novecento e i media sono stati l'essenza del Novecento maturo»[14]. Ferraris in questa maniera inverte i rapporti causa-conseguenza riguardanti l'ambito socio-economico, non avendo probabilmente sufficienti dati materiali per identificare che all'interno della relazione capitalismo-media-verità giochi ancora un ruolo preminente la struttura economica, ossia quel capitalismo giunto alla sua fase dell'imperialismo. Tale realtà si diversifica dall'imperialismo del primo '900 avendo fatto proprie molte lezioni del nazifascismo ed essendo riuscita a mascherare il proprio dominio di classe e il suo controllo sempre più totalitario sulla società. La potenza del Capitale è stata capace di riscrivere la Storia all'insaputa dei più e mantiene tanta potenza di fuoco da poter confinare in maniera “liberale” ai margini del potere tutti i dissenzienti. È riuscita a fare ciò avendo per molti versi una conoscenza più adeguata degli insegnamenti di Marx e Gramsci, rivolti però non contro la classe dominante bensì contro la classe dominata. La fase di apparente sconfitta storica del socialismo conseguente alla caduta dell'URSS ha favorito una controffensiva ideologica che, combinata al sempre più accentuato controllo sociale e politico delle masse, ha consentito non solo di garantirsi contro nuove rivolte proletarie, ma anche di coltivare l'ambizioso progetto di eliminare una volta per tutte dalla mente degli individui l'idea che ci possa essere una società diversa rispetto a quella capitalistica. La vera e profonda caratteristica del totalitarismo sta in questo aspetto: la sussunzione dell'ideologia della classe dominante nelle masse è tale da favorire il mantenimento al potere della borghesia sul proletariato, dei pochi sui molti, dei ricchi sui poveri, per un periodo di tempo indefinito. L'ideologia falsamente progressista, quella “liberal”, con cui si intende guidare questo nuovo ordine mondiale, si appaia alla battaglia per la re-istituzione di un dominio neocoloniale sempre più attivo, il che però si scontrerà con l'ascesa di altri Paesi che rifiutano l'asservimento all'imperialismo occidentale. Tra questi Paesi, quello più potente e importante, che sta già contribuendo a emancipare progressivamente dalle proprie disgrazie il “Terzo Mondo”, è la Repubblica Popolare Cinese, uno Stato guidato da un Partito Comunista.
Sbaglia quindi, peccando in astrattezza, anche Jacques Lacan, affermando che il totalitarismo contemporaneo, postmoderno, sia «privo di gerarchie e di centro»[15]. Il totalitarismo contemporaneo non è altro che una forma raffinata di controllo esercitato dalla dittatura della borghesia giunta ad esercitare un dominio su scala globale, in un contesto cioè di dominio di un capitalismo diventato imperialismo. L'imperialismo non è un ente astratto, ma ha dei suoi centri di potere ben precisi e ben localizzati geograficamente. Il principale centro di potere imperialista è dato ancora dalle politiche della principale potenza imperialista mondiale: gli Stati Uniti d'America.
Dice bene Fabio Galimberti: «le nostre democrazie […] non sono governate con lo strumento del terrore, semmai con lo strumento del benessere»[16]. Gli si può ricordare che a seguito del trionfo delle politiche liberiste tale benessere sia sempre più relativo e restrittivo perfino nelle società occidentali, ma soprattutto occorre sempre ribadire che tale benessere è fondato storicamente e attualmente sul controllo, sul dominio e sul conseguente sfruttamento intensivo, in vari casi tale da perpetuare una vera e propria schiavitù, della gran parte dei popoli e del proletariato mondiale. Ma abbiamo già visto come l'Impero non ami parlare di sé stesso, partecipando all'omissione sistematica della natura imperiale della globalizzazione dominata fino ad oggi dalla borghesia statunitense.
Copia e incolla
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2020.09.19 20:33 Pretend-Fact [WTS] Create your own BUNDLE! $75 & $100 bundles!

http://imgur.com/a/nzspW0k
Create your own BUNDLE!!!!!
Paypal only! Prices are for shipping to USA. Will consider shipping elsewhere but buyer pays shipping!!!!!!
I will be marking the name of fragrance from below as SOLD if it's no longer available. Check below for availability! I will try my best to keep it up to date.
Pick any 4 of the below for $100 shipped! If there isn't a level of ml left in description, please check level in pictures.
Burberry Touch 100ml
Tom Ford Tuscan Leather 30ml decant/15ml left
SOLD Versace Eros 200ml/~75ml left vintage batch AR1651 fyi cap no longer clicks in place, falls off easy. SOLD
Polo Red Extreme 75ml/~60ml left
YSL L'Homme 100ml
SOLD Mont Blanc Explorer 100ml/~65ml left SOLD
Dua Supernova in the Casino(Elysium X BR540) 30ml/15ml left
SOLD Armaf Bucephalus XI(aventus clone) 100ml/~90ml left. Sprayer sucks on this fyi SOLD
SLD Burberry London 100ml/~97 ml left SOLD
Coach for men 100ml/~93ml left
Bentley intense for men 100ml/~98ml left
SOLD Paco Rabanne 1 million Lucky 50ml SOLD
NOT PICTURED Alexandria Interplay extrait 20ml
&&&&&&&&&&&&
NOW onto the even CHEAPER bundles! Any 7 for $100 shipped!!!!!! Same "rules" as above!
Nautica Voyage and Voyage N⁸³ together. Both 100ml see levels.
Tommy Bahama Set sails St Bart 100ml
SOLD Mont Blanc Individuel 75ml SOLD
SOLD Mont Blanc Legend Spirit 100ml/~85ml left SOLD
Al Haramain L'Aventure 30ml/~27ml left
Lacoste Black/Noir 50ml/~45ml left
SOLD Lacoste L'Homme 50ml SOLD
Ferrari Radiant Bergamot 100ml
SOLD Ferrari Bright Neroli 100ml SOLD
Ferrari Noble Fig 100ml
Armaf Futura La Homme 100ml (dior Homme/valentino Uomo clone)
Armaf Italiano Nero 100ml/~95ml left
Armaf Derby Club House Blanche 100ml/~95ml left(Creed SMW clone)
Armaf Shades Blue 100ml(BdC clone)
Armaf Surf 100ml
Burberry Mr. Burberry 50ml
Insurrection Pure Wild 100ml/98ml left
Abercrombie & Fitch First instinct 100ml
Guess Seductive Homme 100ml
Vince Camuto Solare 50ml/~48ml left
SOLD Versace Dylan Blue 50ml/~40ml left SOLD
Perry Ellis 360 Red 200ml/~197ml left
Perry Ellis 360 Blue 200ml/~197ml left
Paris Hilton Just Me for him 100ml/93ml left
CK Shock for Him 200ml/~195ml left
Penguin Original Blend 100ml
Ferragamo F Black 100ml
Dunhill Desire Extreme 100ml/~97ml left
Sean Jean 3am 30ml ~29ml
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2020.09.07 04:38 500scnds [Table] My name is Paolo Cattaneo. 5 years ago I quit my job, sold everything I had and embarked in a trip around the world on a motorcycle. Rode for almost 185000 km. Still going! Here to answer question about self sustained living on the road and long distance solo travelling. AmA! (pt 1)

Source Guestbook
Questions Answers
How much does this lifestyle cost you on average? Obviously it will vary by location Since the most asked question will be probably this one, I decided to break it down mathematically so, hopefully, it would be more transparent for everybody.
I don't think I could summarize with an average how much I spent per month, since the delta from month to month was absolutely unpredictable. But somehow everybody seems to love maths so... There you go.
A couple of things first: 1) different countries have different cost for food, accommodation, fuel and spare parts so to make an average, it s actually quite hard. For instance, a country like Peru cannot be compared in terms of costs with a country like the Netherlands in all terms. 2) when I travel, I am not on vacation. Just because I visit places and don't work, doesn't mean I can afford things like people that go on vacation for 2 weeks. People on holidays usually maintain the same level of comfort they have at home, or even improve it, righteously spoiling themselves, for the few days they have off in a year. I do the exact opposite. I spoil myself by not having to go to work.
Hence, there are 3 major costs in travelling on a motorcycles are: 1) fuel and bike parts (tyres, oil, filters, etc) 2) accommodation 3) food
These are also in order of importance. Fuel and bike maintenance guarantees the continuity of the journey so, those have the absolute priority. Where I sleep or what I eat, do not matter much. I will survive whatever I eat and wherever I sleep. It's incredible what our body can do end endure.
After a year of travelling I found out that, because my life and routine changed completely, I didn't need 3 meals a day anymore. Removing 1 meal a day allowed me to save a lot of money in the long run. It is a sacrifice but it is doable and It is super practical. I also found fasting good for the mind.
Sleeping arrangements could also affect greatly on your expenditures so, depending on countries and weather conditions, I usually opt to sleep in my tent or in hostels. Sometimes I do couchsurfing or stay at other motorcyclists houses, friends, friends of friends, etc. I ve also slept at complete strangers houses that i met on the road and that were reaching out simply to help. It s unbelievable how many people, just want to give you a hand. It s impossible to explain it. You have to see it yourself to believe it.
The cheap hostel in Peru would cost $5-6 a night, while in the USA $25.
In this sense, I estimated an average of 10 USD a night for accommodation for and average of 20 days per month. Again, It is a rough estimate. Let s say the other 10 days I sleep at people's houses, or in my tent or couchsurfing (so at no cost). Foodwise I usually drink a coffee (I carry my own little Italian coffee machine) in the am, with a piece of bread or instant oatmeal. Then I ride the whole day and reach my destination at 4-5 pm. I then eat. I mostly eat vegetarian but i occasionally have meat. I mostly shop at cheap supermarkets or local markets. Vegetables are cheap and nutritious and available all over the world. And so is pasta and rice. This whole thing costs me let s say 10 USD a day.
So for Food and Accommodation I roughly spend 500 USD. Then there's fuel. Fuel costs can vary from country to country but, for the sake of it, let s put fuel price at 1.2 USD a liter (4.5 USD a gallon). My bike in standard riding conditions does 20km per liter of fuel. In 5 years I rode 180000 km. That's 36000 a year. That s 3000 a month. So 3000/20 = 150 liters. 150 x 1.2 = 180 USD
The grand total is 500+180= 680USD per month Let s put 100 USD in for extras and whatever. It's 780 USD a month, if you will. But trust me when I say that I think I spend less than that.
There you go.
the below is a reply to the above
What is your coffee maker? Moka pot i'm guessing? I have a little Bialetti coffee machine, yes. :)
the below is a reply to the above
Yeah, that confirms you are really Italian. So is my SO, and when we are traveling, she will start complaining about the bad coffee by the time we get to the airport 😄 I am Italian...but I'm also passed that point of complaining about food all the time! I learned to enjoy my meal...regardless. :)
another coffee reply
Any tips for the Bialetti? A neighbor gave me one and I used it with Café Bustelo and it was crazy stong, albeit not too bad. Use less coffee ground! 😅
the below is another reply to the original answer
If you saved 40k, are you down to very little money now? I'm just thinking it's been 5 years, and I imagine you've had some unexpected expenses that would have your average end up being relatively accurate on aggregate, even if you typically spend less in a month. At $700 per month, you would be out of money. And even just the plane tickets from Australia to starting point and from somewhere to Greece where you say you were during Covid is a couple months of your budget I'd imagine. Yes, i had some unforeseen expenses. But luckily I also had a lot of help from people giving me shelter and food. In that sense I didn't spend all my money in food and accommodation but for the sake of average expenses I had to calculate it that way. In greece i found a job as volunteer in exchange of accommodation. That saved me 3 months of rent. Things like this cannot be included in average. I simply did the math to make people understand how much would it cost if life on the road would be without variables. There are too many to be considered.
the below is another reply to the original answer
Even if it's only 600 at month, you have been riding around for how long? It seems hard to think you saved so much and you are still using the money you saved. Is anyone helping you financially? I swear...i am using my money. 😅👍 It s hard to imagine how cheap it is to live frugally...if you renounce to most comforts we have in life. But I wouldn't mind now to have a benefactor(s) and sleep in a comfy bed or have a nice meal for a change.
Does it not worry you how you might have exhausted your financial resources by the time you want to return? What do you think life after this would be like? I hope I don't sound rude; just trying to understand how you are managing your life. What you are doing is absolutely amazing; I'd love to travel too but I am not rich either, and the thought of ending up penniless by the time I am 30 terrifies me. Hey, it's a completely plausible question and I am happy to answer that. Quitting your job, your financial stability, selling everything you have, saying goodbye to everybody and ride off...it is a "liberating" experience. In this sense, all the fears you mentioned are gone or somehow abandoned, the moment you decide to go for it! I have no fear of what lies in front of me because the mental step that I took years ago, required me to go beyond exactly this mental gap of "jumping into the unknown". Financially speaking, yeah, i don't like to have no money aside...but also, I know that I will do something about it (like finding a new stimulating gig) when the time comes. When I found myself locked in Greece during the pandemic, I couldn't really foresee what would have happened in the next months. Surely paying rent for months and being confined in an apartment wasn't ideal so I looked for volunteering jobs. Found one that allowed me to stay in an apartment for free in exchange of 3 hours of work per day. My point is that, adaptation is a key skill that I got to develop thanks to this experience on a motorcycle. I will take care of the my retirement plan, when time comes.
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Thanks for the answer. That's a wonderful perspective. I guess your anxiety lessens once you realize how capable you are of adapting to different situations, which I'm sure you must have had to do a bunch of times since you started. You are amazing, thanks for the inspiration :) It's incredible how inclined we are to adapt, If we simply...TRY ! I never thought I would be able to do a lot of things I am doing today. I just gave it a try...failed...and tried again. I did learn, by simply trying. And I'm clearly not the sharpest tool in the shed.
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I feel like you cloud start vlogging your journeys, and form a Patreon to fund it. You've seen lots of fun things, and will see more. Yes. At the beginnings I started blogging but then I realized that it would have turned my trip into a job again...so i left the monetization of my journey aside. I just quit my job to travel and enjoy my life. Didn't want to think about money again! Patreon seem good but I haven't really found the guts to ask money to people...yet. When I ll be in need maybe i will!
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In no way am I trying to attack you or diminish your extraordinary feat; just the fact that you had the courage to take the first step gives me crazy respect for you. BUT. There is so much privilege needed to get to where you have gotten. Not financial privilege mind you, you've worked your arse off to get here. But the fact that you could somehow travel to and stay in the US (for 3 years!) and then Australia without really thinking twice tells me your white skin and European passport has played a huge role in your mental safety net. As a coloured man with a shitty passport, just getting a visa to fly somewhere would be a huge fucking deal. Add to that the racism I'd face in plenty of places around the world, yeah not happening haha. You are absolutely right, my friend. I do understand that the fact that I am white and that I have an EU passport helped me A LOT. I am absolutely aware of this and I am not so naive to think that most of the times I got away with many things because of this. Coming from other countries or being a different colour could unfortunately still play a role, these days, when moving from country to country. Said this, I got denied my entrance to USA few times anyway. They are quite strict in that sense. But it always depends on the customs officer you find at the time of entry. Anyway. I get your point. Although, it's not a definite factor for your will to travel. You can still do it.
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I love everything you're doing and have spent the last hour just reading your answers. I don't think you're answering anymore but... Do you have any plans of coming to India? I hope I get to meet you if you do come. Hey! Of course i have plans for India! Hopefully the covid will end soon! It all depends on that now
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You can write blogs, and make YouTube videos to sustain your adventures! I am sure many of us would like to see your journey. I got few videos on youtube but i never really invested too much time (clearly) in that. Maybe I should
I always hear about people "giving up everything" and traveling the world. However, most people have worries about their economic status. Can you speak to yours at the point when you embarked? How much money had you saved, did you have any debt, what did you do with your belongings (Were there things you stored somewhere because you did want to sell or get rid of them? Did you pay for storage?), did you create a plan to generate additional income (e.g., plans for side jobs while traveling), and have you thought how to re-integrate into the "working world" when your traveling concludes (or are you hoping YouTube, etc. supports you)? Thanks! So, I started saving money when I moved to Australia. In 5 years I rounded up $40k more or less. I had no debts and, regardless the bank offering me "super interesting" offers about Credit Cards or Mortgages to buy properties, I didn't end up getting in debts with any banks. I also avoided kids and wives. I was renting an apartment and sharing it with a friend. When I decided to leave I sold all my furnitures on Gumtree (local Craigslist) and donated all my clothes to Salvation Army (Goodwill). I had no belongings left except what I piled on the bike when I left. And few months in I also realized that I didn't even need some stuff that I brought along. I did quit my job with no plans to work while travelling. I wanted, for the first time in my life, have a moment to simply ENJOY THE MOMENT without thinking about work and life as I knew it. I wanted to experience freedom, without the burden of thinking about my future constantly and what's going to happen next. I was raised with this mental construct too, so to break free from that was indeed liberating. I do not know how is going to be when this part of my life ends. If I have to go back to work, I will. But with a different heart and mind.
How did you manage it, physically? I find that my legs, back, bottom and body ache after just a few hours of riding (3+ hours), and this gets worse and worse over time (6+ hours, etc). Even on a comfortable touring motorcycle, I can’t imagine riding continuously for weeks or months at a time. Yes. Physically was challenging indeed. I had to replace my seat because the was no more foam inside. It was like sitting on a stool. Back and arse are the worst affected areas. I rode with a bit of a windscreen, so that helped to ease some of the neck pain. Luckily I had some physical conditioning to start with, but eventually I got out of shape. But, like everything in life, we eventually get used to it.
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How many hours do you ride a day? It really depends. When I do ride, let's say that is a minimum of 1 and a half to 13 hours.
Could you maybe do a "what's in my bag"-post, show us the gear, tools and clothing you use and talk a bit about why you chose what? Ok.
Pannier 1 Camping Gear: - Sleeping bag - Air mattress - 3 people tent (I'm a tall guy) - $20 cooking pot set - propane gas tank - pocket knife - foldable chair - water bladder
Pannier 2 Electronics and knick knacks: - 11" laptop - 2 hard drives (backup!!!) - Chargers - portable tyre compressor - spare oil filter - spare front tube - cable ties - duct tape - bungee cords - first aid kit - spare bolts and screws
Tool bag - various moto tools
Duffle bag: - Clothes (various)
Tank Bag: - Drone - Toothbrush - Notepad - Small Lock - Pen
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Did you have any problems with the drone? I remember you told me once on instagram that you planned on visiting Azerbaijan but couldn’t because Azerbaijan closed all the borders. Let me warn you that if you decide to come when borders reopen, know that drones are illegal here. Retarded law I know but you really cannot do anything about it because it is highly enforced. Probably you can give it up in customs and pick it up when you leave Nicaragua is the same. They don't allow drones in their country. I had to send it to costa rica via mail.
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Traveling without a Leatherman. I can't believe it. It s listed. "Pocked knife" ;) You are right...i should have said Leatherman
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What drone do you have? DJI mavic Air.
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I have a CB600F I've fitted panniers to and can't fathom how you got all that camping stuff into one pannier, your packing skills must be sick I got some pretty roomy panniers too. Giant Loop is actually a company from Oregon, USA that makes these spectacular bags. Www.giantloopmoto.com I ve been riding with their products for years now.
Well nobody has asked it yet.. How did you self sustain yourself for so long? I understand everything is cheaper in South America but you also went through North America. In north America, specifically in USA, I had some friends that helped me finding accommodation along the way. I also wild camped a lot. Froze my arse up couple of nights too... But It's doable in Canada and USA since the land is so vast and you can always find a place to pitch your tent in safety.
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See my trouble always begins when I pitch a tent I used to be the same, mate!
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Maybe I'm just jaded but I don't know of anywhere you can just pitch a tent and sleep in the woods. Everywhere I've ever been camping there's an 80 dollar fee and you get a designated campground. Download iOverlander.
Hi, sorry if this is a personal question, but how often did you get laid? Do cultural differences play a role? Personal question, but interesting nonetheless. Thanks for asking "sensibly".
When travelling from town to town it's easy to meet people. The common Idea is that travellers get laid a lot. Unfortunately, in my case, I do not go out much when I travel, so my social encounters are limited to the location where I end up spending the night. I also typically stay not longer than a day or two, which is also usually not enough to create a connection with a potential partner (in my case). A lot of women are indeed attracted by the "solitary wolf" riding a motorcycle around the world, but they are not generally inclined to have a one night experience. Hence, the answer to your question, is that I rarely get laid. Cultural differences are what make mating interesting though. One trait that is standard for your part of the world, could be extremely exotic in another. Sometimes even the accent in which you speak a foreign language, could be a favourable factor.
But at the end, beauty is in the eyes of the beholder.
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Dai ammettilo che l'accento italiano aiuta. Storia interessante la tua. Ti auguro il meglio! Sorry guys.. Italian things going on here ( shakes hands in the air ) Un pochino aiuta! ;) cheers!
How did you deal with language barriers? In all latin america the most spoken language is Spanish. I struggled at the beginning but after the first month, I had a decent basic level that allowed me to communicate quite easily with the locals. In Brazil was hard again, since portuguese was completely new for me. But again, after 1 month I got used to it and I was able to have basic conversations. If you give yourself enough time, you'll pick up any language.
In other situations I used my english or sometimes, like recently in Greece, Google Translate. Works beautifully!
Is it true that Italian and Spanish go hand in hand? I had some friends from Mexico who were confident that they could pick up Italian if they lived in Italy and were forced to use it every day for a month or 2. There are different and discordant opinions about this. I personally believe that Italian and Spanish are VEEEEERY similar. I think that any spanish speaker could easily pick on italian if spending some time in the country. And viceversa. But I also met people that thought otherwise. Not sure why. It wasn't too complex for me to pick up spanish. Definitely not perfect, but way better than a native english speaker.
What was the coolest thing you saw? Hard to pinpoint one single thing. Saw so many incredible things in 5 years! Nature always strucks me the most. Some places leave you speechless. Some encounters too. But the coolest experience for me was to swim with marine wildlife in Australia and Ecuador.
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Hey I from Ecuador! Glad you enjoyed the wildlife. Can you elaborate on your experience there? Did you visit the Galapagos islands? Ecuador is hands down my favorite country...for its people, for nature, for food, roads...i mean, i had a fantastic time there. I also visited Galapagos and It was one of the highlights...of my life!! I mean...wow. simply incredible. If there was ever a place on earth close to Jurassic Park...
How does your license work? I mean if you have a drivers license in one country and you drive through multiple countries. What happens if you get pulled over? Having European or Australian driver license is sufficient to drive in most foreign countries. I do have an International Driver License, which is simply a piece of paper you can request from your local Automobile Club, that translates your license in many languages and which is helpful when finding an "scrutinous" policeman. At the borders they never check your driving license.
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What about the motorbike's papers? Did you need a carnet de passage ? And could you tell us about the shipping of the bike, plane or boat, expense, level of organisation needed? For the americas, you don't need CdP. The shipping of bike could be done by cargo ship or plane. Both are not cheap but quite feasible. There are agencies that usually take care of the paperwork for you. A simple google search could help you pinpoint some good info. Unfortunately because rules and prices change from country to country, prices have to be requested to the company you choose. It is usually around $1500 + to ship a motorcycle indicatively...for both sea or air freight.
Can you speak on your base knowledge of bikes at the start of your travels? I'm interested in purchasing a bike to cruise around America in once (if) this pandemic blows over. Did you ever have to do any emergency DIY work when you couldnt make it to a garage for professuonal repairs? First of all: DO IT!! it's an amazing experience. I had basic/zero motorcycle mechanical skills when I started. I often used youtube as a source of "inspiration". Now I rather do the job myself than taking my bike into a shop. If you are going to cruise around the US, you wont need to carry much spares, since you can buy and have most parts shipped wherever you are. Somehow even breaking down, if happens, is a great part of the overall adventure.
[deleted] I am not sure. Yet. Definitely the more I go on with this adventure (and life) the more I become aware of myself and my surroundings. I am looking forward to have somehow a peaceful life in harmony with my surroundings. Stress has been out of my life for a while now and I want to keep it this way. Don't have a family. Never had kids or wives. I think it's going to stay this way...but you never know.
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You've been doing this 5 years now. Do you feel the need to keep moving after you've been somewhere for a few days? How long is the longest you've been stationary since staring and did you ever feel like you wanted to get off the road for a longer time. Well...yes I always feel the need to see something more and explore. I get bored easily. But I have to say that during my Lockdown in Greece I was absolutely at peace. I really enjoyed my down time and i took advantage of it by taking care of many little things i left behind.
Did you tend to keep to yourself most of the time, or would you go out to meet people and socialize with the locals in the area? I am not really a "social beast" anymore. I socialize in hostels and when I look for food mostly...but I don't go out at night. That is quite personal, but I prefer a quiet night than pubs. This allowed me somehow to save a lot of money in the long run. I may have missed out in "social opportunities", but I prefer this way.
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But you did meet a lot of people right? Im not social at all and it keeps me from traveling, im afraid that it would ruin the experience if I dont click with anyone haha. You gave me some confidence this will be a smaller problem than I think it is. I am an introvert and generally speaking, kind of a geek. So yeah...not really the outgoing kind of guy...but, when travelling alone, you don't have that social pressure anymore. You are by yourself and there's nothing to tell you what you have or not have to do. you are free. And yes...you will meet tons of people!!
Where do you stay at (camping, airbnb, rental, etc) ? Where you get money from? What do you usually carry with you? What is you most essential item? Have you made many friends? I mostly stay in Hostels (when is cheap enough). In latin America, you can pay from $5-$10 for a night in a shared dorm. When in remote areas, I camp. Best thing ever. Otherwise I use Couchsurfing. Occasionally I stay with friends and/or other bikers that got to know my story and want to help out. I live off my own savings. Most essential Item is "Common sense". AKA try not to do extremely stupid things. :)
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How far do you usually have to plan ahead to find couchsurfing accommodations? The one thing that has deterred me from trying it out is that my motorcycle trips almost never stick to the schedule I have planned. Either due to unforeseen circumstances or maybe just deciding to ride around an area longer. Have you given people on CS a range of dates/times that you would arrive, or do you have to have your arrivals planned thoroughly? Yes, you usually have to investigate one or two weeks ahead to find accommodation with couchsurfing. Especially because I am a single guy. If i was a girl, i could find somewhere to sleep in few hours. Ahah. Oh well, women are less threatening i guess! ;) But yeah. You do need to check first and give a rough estimate of days of your permanence. Typically 2-3 days is the max. Then if both parties are ok, you can extend.
Have you ever done any housesitting for accommodation? I've done smaller trips like this, staying in hostels and campsites. I've heard of housesitting more recently and once I go again I'm thinking of trying it out. When looking at listings though it almost seems to good to be true. I just wonder if there is a catch to it I ve never done housesitting specifically. But I ve used HelpX, Workaway, woofing, etc to find occasional gigs that allowed me to get accommodation in return of small jobs. In Greece i stayed in a 9 apts complex on the beach by myself, in exchange of cleaning and painting! Great deal indeed
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If you were a woman, there would also be far more risks to couch surfing alone. I'd definitely prefer planning over higher risk of sexual assault. Women have more chances of getting hosted because there are a lot of women hosts too. Or couples. They are definitely more willing to host a woman. But i get your point
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Thanks, got another question. What is enough savings for a year in Latin America? well, it really depends of what kind of lifestyle you want. If you are ok sleeping in hostels every night and eating cheap market food...doesn't really take much! depending on which countries you want to visit too and how you want to move around! you can do it hitchhiking too if you want! and that won't cost you a thing! Just time!
How did you manage to not have your motorcycle stolen? Common sense. Mostly parked inside or in "safe areas" when possible. You can never be 100% sure but I never had issues of sort in my 5 years of travelling. Actually somebody stole my tool bag in Vancouver, Canada.
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As a Canadian id like to say “sorry”. apologies accepted! ;)
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As a Vancouverite, I'm not surprised. We have a large homeless population and they target anything they can find to steal and sell. It wasn't a homeless guy per se...was definitely a junkie. I went to Hastings street 3 days in a row to see if i could find my stuff...but it was gone. Bummer.
how were the first few months without the things that you were used to having? (sorry for the bad english, it isn't my main language) Your english is fine, mate! First month was HARD! 😅 I had never camped in my life and the longest moto trip I took by that time was only 350km. So yeah, in the beginnings the learning curve was steep! Basic things like "where to sleep at night every night" or "how to store food" were kind of abstract concepts for me. My first night camping was also my first night on the road. It was horrible. I paid so much money to camp in a so so campground, with noisy and drunk neighbors. It also rained at night. Haha An absolute fail! It got better and better with time. Also looking for food, packing and taking care of the bike. It was a full immersion in a brand new lifestyle for me. A great experience indeed
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Paolo, your first night camping sounds ... well, it sounds really terrible! I'm curious how you would compare that first inexperienced night with say... an average night camping somewhere, anywhere, I don't know... say 2-4 years later after having done it for a while. In which ways did that first inexperienced night of camping come to differ from your more seasoned camping night to night later on? What kinds of routines did you end up falling into on those nights that you picked up from years of experience having done it? Well...let's just say that my love for camping escalated quickly as well. I started camping in the wild...not in confined facilities, and I simply loved it. Sitting quietly in front of the fire at night, after a long day riding, watching the stars appear slowly in the sky... The silence. I learned that camping in a busy campsite, with kids screaming and music playing is not the kind of camping I was looking for. Surely is great for families, because usually it is a safe environment for kids to play in, but for solo travellers looking for some quiet downtime...it is not. Better to hide somewhere behind a tree or some bushes and have a quiet night with some privacy. Free of charge.
How badly do you stink? Joking of course, good luck with your adventures. If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it, does it make a sound? ;)
Not to be nosey but what would qualify as enough money to "sustain yourself for a while"? And how long do you consider that "a while" to be? I had no Idea how much It would cost me to live, travel and not work, since I had never done it before. But I knew how much It costed me to live in Sydney for a year, without any extras (just food, accommodation, rent and bills). I assumed initially that my trip around the world would have lasted a maximum of 1 year and a half. Was I wrong! I pretty much had saved $40k in 5 years of work.
Thanks for doing this! How much do you talk to strangers? I can imagine either being very sociable, or taking the opportunity to be more solitary. Also, when you were traveling the world, how specifically did you keep in contact with friends and family back home? Was one service/approach more effective than another? I love to talk with Locals!! It's the best thing! I love to talk with older people especially. They can really give you a better perspective about the place and overall more interesting stories about their lives. Sometimes there's a language barrier but I try regardless. Hostels are also a great place to meet friends and people from all over the world. Aside from this, travelling solo on a motorcycle or bicycle naturally attracts curiosity, so I also met some good friends of mine at gas stations or random rest areas in the middle of nowhere.
To keep in touch with family and friends nowadays is quite easy. Mobile data networks are excellent worldwide and you can buy local sim cards to use local carriers data traffic. I use whatsapp and fb messenger the most.
What kind of income are you receiving to sustain this lifestyle long-term? Living off my life savings. I am self supported. Just worked for few years, saving as much as I could and then took off.
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That sounds epic... Met a few guys like that, but never had the balls to do so myself. If you read this: how much of a mechanic are you? Do you do stuff yourself of do you bring your bike to the shop for maintenance/tires? At the beginning I wasn't really able to do much on my bike, except changing brake pads maybe. Then I tried and read forums online about troubleshooting...and of course youtube mate!! I tend to have a mechanic change my tyres, since it's a hell of a job and takes 4 minutes with proper machines. you can find tyre mechanics literally EVERYWHERE.
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But, with the estimate you gave it would cost like 9k usd per year to maintain that lifestyle. You’ve been doing it for 5 years. I guess it’s hard for a lot of Americans to imagine saving up 45k+ in the few years that you worked. trust me, It's even harder for an italian to conceive to save up 40k in 5 years of work. Most italians will be able to save that amount maybe in 10-15 years. That's why I quit my job in italy and moved to Australia, where salaries are way higher. It's just sad that I had to leave my family, friends and country to be able to have a better life.
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Why dont you try to register for welfare in Australia, and get the welfare cheques deposited into your account? I thought about it while riding around Australia. But I didn't find it fair. I mean, I wasn't in need of cash to sustain my living and there were probably people who seriously did. Plus I think you have to show up for interviews and stuff...so I preferred to let go.
OP, you're doing what I've dreamed of doing since I was about 21... I'm 32 now. I've saved a bit of money, and have no debt, and am still considering it... but feel as though it would be irresponsible at this point? shrugs I have a few questions, Ever considered staying at a spot for a few weeks and doing some manual labor for extra scratch to help you along in your travels? Ever had any problem with weird parasites in some of your rougher spots (scabies, bedbugs, intestinal issues) such as cheap hostels and whatnot? Since you don't go to bars or anything like that, what's the easiest way for you to meet new people? Ever felt any "I'm about to get robbed" vibes while on the road? Did you make rules like not traveling too late, etc.. I'm considering doing this very thing, since I make a good living but am already a minimalist and don't really need anything... I don't care about owning a house, or having nice clothes or any of that nonsense. I suppose it'd just be a drag to hit a dead end, have to return to the workforce after a few years of traveling and finding myself unable to secure a decent gig again. Anyways, if you've read this, thanks for your time and thanks for doing this AMA! Good luck man, and stay safe. Mate, when I left for my first trip around Australia, I was 34yo...so I completely understand where you are coming from. It take a bit of time to prepare and commit to this. I highly recommend it though. I stopped occasionally and did some jobs, yes, but were more like small temporary gigs...that paid maybe for a new set of tyres than anything. Still! Once I pressured washed mine trucks for a week in South Australia. Haha i was covered in mudd but I was happy. I also cleaned few apartments in greece in exchange of accommodation....things like that. Things will come your way if you look hard enough.
Didn't have any problems with bugs or parasites no. Got lucky on this one i guess. But i do believe I built my immune system pretty well.
The easiest way to meet people is in hostels. Being in your 30s you are already on the "old side" for a hostel, but you are still ok. ;) haha
Sometimes yes i felt i was going to get robbed or mugged...but never happened. I never travel with cameras and other expensive items with me. When i am on the bike, there s always the "surprise effect", meaning that people are more shocked to see somebody travelling solo than tempted to rob him right away.
How has the pandemic altered any future travel plans? The pandemic changed things quite drastically. A lot of other travellers I know got stuck somewhere or had to cancel their plans until further notice. Still not sure what to do in the long terms. Covid definitely made everything more unpredictable.
What are the cheapest and best places you would suggest a young person go visit? Also, just out of curiosity, when do you think you’ll stop? Well, there are plenty of great places to go explore on a tight budget. Latin America and South East Asia are generally speaking quite cheap. I would recommend Bolivia or Peru, in SA...and Cambodia in SEA. As a start...
I Hope I will be able to go on for few more years...but so far I am pretty content with what I've done already.
How do you overcomevia issues? I believe you referred to "Visa issues"?!
Well, having an Italian passport is quite handy since you get visa on arrival (valid for 1-3 months) as a tourist in most of the countries in the world. I had to request and pay for my Russian and Mongolian visa though. You can request that 1-2 weeks before entry in any available Embassy.
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And what about other practical stuff like insurance for the motorcycle(is it allowed to be abroad for such a long time ?) ? Maybe obligatory x-yearly technical vehicle inspections (so far not needed in a lot of european countries but about to change so you were lucky I guess) ? Official site of residence (or what is it called, it is really hard to be 'homeless' in some countries, probably depends on what your current 'home country' is ) ? Ok so, insurance for motorcycle is something you need to get every time you enter a new country. Some insurance companies will insure foreign vehicles, but it isn't always the case. My bike is australian so after a certain point you need to inspect the vehicle to renew the registration. There is a process through which you can go to an associated mechanic in the country where you are and have the vehicle inspected and the results sent to the Australian motorvehicle authority. Then you can renew your papers online and have the new registration sent to you overseas. My official country of residence is still Australia, because it is where I want to go back to.
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Thanks for the response. I can imagine it is not the most interesting thing to talk about but I am planning on doing something similar with a van + motorcycle (that fits in the van) combo so I am super interested in hearing about the (boring) administrative side of someone who is actually doing it :D. I had no idea something was possible like the remote inspection, I hope something similar exists in my country too. So far I only read you have to go to inspection asap when returning to your country if you were abroad. But I can imagine that is not going to fly if you plan on being away for a very long time though :P. Also: did you happen to keep a list of insurance companies that were willing to do it ? In that sense things change rapidly and new and better companies may arise. Better check with locals or use iOverlander app to find these kind of info.
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2020.08.26 04:22 JimmyMangrove Viva Italia: A Novel Coronavirus Novel Chapter 1-5

1. Lucressi for President
My name is Lucressi Vicente Palamaro, and if there’s one thing I definitely am, it’s Italian. Right now, I’m sitting on my balcony in a high-rise pretty close to the center of Milan. The sky is turning burnt orange in the dusk; it’s your standard evening sun: beautiful but groggy, with an energy akin to the cessation of day-drinking. Lazy and stupefied. On their balconies, my neighbors sip boiled tap water and munch stale garlic bread dipped in Extra-Chunky Praegu™ sauce. The scents tantalize my nostrils. But I am not tempted. I have no time for food. Sentinel duties preoccupy me completely. My binoculars are trained on the space between two nearby apartment buildings, through which I observe a craggy Italian mountain. A mostly barren mountain, spotted with patches of dark green grape vines. I notice a boy herding sheep up a rocky crag. He’s got a towel wrapped around his head as protection from the still-potent sun.
I run inside, find my telephone charging on the counter, dial 911.
“Police? Caio, Police,” I say. “There’s a boy on the loose. An ambulator. A violator of lockdown. A shitter-onner of decency. He’s walking sheep up a crag in the mountains. Yes, absolutely. Spreading coronavirus. Not even wearing a hazmat suit. My uncle, he’s 82! Highly at-risk. That prick’s gonna murder my uncle. You gotta do something, police. Which mountain is it? How am I supposed to know. Well, I live at the intersection of Sfumato Street and Leonardo Di Caprio Lane. And the mountain, from my vantage point, is visible between the two apartment buildings just north of me on Meatball Road. Does that narrow it down for you? It does? Great. You’re sending someone right now? Good, thank you.”
I return to my balcony. The boy has situated himself on the edge of an ancient stone well. He’s got a stick slung over his shoulder with a sack tied to the end. From the sack, he removes a loaf of bread and what appears to be a hunk of gorgonzola cheese. A little lamb nuzzles against his knee; he pats it on the head. No doubt, he’s just transmitted coronavirus to the lamb. And now whoever eats that lamb is gonna die. And whoever wears clothing made from its wool is gonna die. The boy is a murderer, plain and simple. He munches a bit of cheese, tears off a hunk of bread with his teeth, chews vigorously, with satisfaction. The smug satisfaction of a deranged psychopath. I watch him pull a flask from the sack and take a slug of wine before slipping off the edge of the well. He balls up his towel, lays it on the ground, reclines.
How can the boy nap peacefully, knowing full-well he’s murdering millions of people? I’m always astounded by the psychopath’s ability to maintain a clear conscience in the face of his unholy transgressions against humanity. Here I am, a man of high moral understanding and noble social concern, performing self-assigned sentinel duties for the good of the people, yet I can hardly sleep at night thinking of all the dead elderly. All the dead at-risk. And I’m not even responsible for killing them! How can this murderer slumber like a contented babe? A satisfied infant made drowsy by the rich milk of his loving mother’s teat. Murder nourishes his soul. What an ass-munch. A big stupid dummy. And a real jerk, to boot.
Rumbling. Chopping. A helicopter passes overhead. All of the good, moral folks out on their balconies: they point at the helicopter. What is its purpose? Why is it passing so low overhead? Has it located a dissenter? Why yes, it has. Thanks to me.
The helicopter slows as it approaches the mountain. The boy, conscious now of the whirly bird, rushes for cover amongst the grape vines. But his efforts prove futile. The helicopter unleashes a relentless barrage of machine gun fire. The boy rips in half. His head explodes like a balloon filled with red wine. His coronavirus-tainted blood seeps into the ground, defiling the earth. The helicopter has no choice but to fire six missiles into the vineyard, incinerating and purifying the soil. Eradicating the tainted sheep. Bringing salvation to the masses.
My compatriots, me and my scientifically aware and morally superior brethren, we erupt in cheers of gratitude and praise. Our government loves us. Our government has neutralized the threat so that someday—perhaps not this year and perhaps not next year or the next—but at least some year sometime at some point in the future, we will leave our apartments and once more roam the streets of Milan, attending fashion shows and admiring marble statues and watching soccer games and eating ravioli and, of course, drinking red wine brewed by our elderly grandfathers, who remain alive because of people like myself. Having by then cemented my reputation as a covid-eradicator, I will embark upon my political career. I will ride the coronavirus like a rocket to the moon. The moon being a metaphor for the Italian Presidency. Such is my destiny. Such is my fate.
When the cheers die down a bit, I can’t help but cry out, “I, Lucressi Vicente Palamaro, your highly scientifically aware and socially conscious brother, am responsible for the destruction of that corona-infested vermin. It is I who informed the police. It is I who saved your lives. And not just your lives, but, even more important, the lives of your at-risk, elderly loved ones. Viva Italia! Viva Milan!”
“All hail Lucressi Vicente Palamaro!” cry my neighbors. They lean over their balconies and throw imaginary food and imaginary gold and imaginary roses at me. A dark haired girl of 19, flanked on both sides by her approving parents, blows me kisses. In a year or twelve, once the curve has properly flattened, they will present their daughter to me, no doubt about it. They will make her available to me for courtship rituals. Me and the girl: we will go on rural walks and her parents and grandparents and siblings and uncles and dogs and cats will trail behind at a respectful distance. And I will pause and pluck a delicate daisy and place it behind my beloved’s ear. And her relatives, they will sigh plaintively, wishing they, for even just a single moment, could experience a love as pure as mine. Yes oh yes. I, Lucressi Vicente Palamaro, shall someday marry that girl. Unless a better option comes along in the meantime.
“You’re most welcome!” I shout. “And now, I have a special little surprise cooked up for you. Wait one moment.”
“What is it? What could the surprise be?” shout my balcony-imprisoned neighbors as I disappear into my apartment.
I return with a Spanish guitar, rest it in my lap, tilt one ear toward the guitar’s hole and one ear toward the heavens, channelling the muse of the angels. A chord, I strum. Such lush sounds. Everyone marvels at the beauty of this chord, the first chord of the traditional folk song Italians are the Best and Your Shit Country Can Eat a Dick.
A man clutching a saxophone leans over the edge of his balcony. He winks and nods at me before bringing the saxophone to his lips. How unexpected! How delightful! Me and the saxophone guy: we play as one, as a single heart; we symbolize the unity of the Italian people. Not just the unity, but the collective soul of Italians. More Italians procure their instruments. An accordion joins the fray. Yes! Then a keyboard. Housewives keep time with tambourines. Children clap rhythmically. Old men shuffle their feet, dancing. No wait. Scratch that. All the old men are dead from coronavirus. It’s actually men between the ages of 55-65 who shuffle their feet. Not young, but not particularly old either.
Every Wop within a four mile radius is on his or her balcony, playing along or listening. The coronavirus might confine our physical bodies. But it cannot confine our souls! Why? Because we are Italian! That’s why! We invented garlic bread. We invented mozzarella sticks. We invented chicken parm. We invented espresso. We invented the steam engine, the television, the printing press, modern dentistry, and iPhones! Once a peoples invents iPhones, that peoples’ soul is free forever. Not even coronavirus can crush the soul of iPhone inventors. Pepperoni Bagel Bites? That was us! Scissors? Us too! Though we did not invent running with them: no, no. That was the French. But airplanes? Hell yes, that was us. And Extra-Chunky Praegu sauce? 100% the product of Italian ingenuity.
We play through the song once, and then, on the second go-around, we begin to sing. Collectively. As one. Channelling all that we are: which is to say, Italian. It is our favorite traditional folk song, and it goes:
We are the Italians, and we’ve got gigantic dicks.
But your country? It slobs on knobs, your country is our bitch.
The French are homosexuals in scarves and lame berets.
And the Spanish are a bunch of Moors, not to mention latent gays.
Switzerland? Not even a country. It’s just parts of other ones.
And the British? They can’t cook for shit, those pompous limey bums.
America, Ashmerica. They’re faggots through-and-through.
But Italians? We’re the best, and we shit all over you.
A most heartwarming experience, all of us separate but together. Hopefully, someone is recording the proceedings and will post this evidence of our unity to various social media platforms. So the whole world understands that Italians are one heart and one mind. The adversary can cage Italians, but it cannot cage our souls. We know why the caged bird sings: because its heart is filled with eternal hope. The enemy will not overcome. And who is the enemy, the cager? Psychopathic sheep-herding boys. Middle aged women roaming alleys because they “need to stretch their legs.” Coughing toddlers intent on watching the world burn. Old men (well, actually men between 55-65) walking across grass just because their dogs need to shit. But really, these people are the mere henchmen of the true villain, which is invisible. Microscopic. Miniscule. Floating in the air. Attached to sneeze guards in restaurants. Hanging out on railings in shopping malls. Covertly hiding under table tops. Biding his time. Waiting to strike. Waiting to kill the at-risk and elderly and then…everyone else in the world. But the enemy will not succeed.
Why? Because I, Lucressi Vicente Palamaro, remain vigilant. I am the sentinel of my block. And the adjacent blocks. The sentinel of everything within binocular vision, really. And I have some powerful binoculars. 100x magnification. Or maybe 10x. The magnification factor is not printed on the binoculars themselves; I better check the manual. Yes, I will go do that now. It’s a matter of life and death. It’s a matter of the survival of the Italian people and 5,000 years of history. To think, the fate of the nation rests on the zoom capacities of my binoculars. A great responsibility weighs upon these shoulders of mine. But I am up to the task, for I am Lucressi Vicente Palamaro, and I am Italian.
2. Luigi’s Grave Error
Holy shit. They’re out there singing again.
I take a bong hit, exhale a milky stream through my nostrils.
They started with Italians are the Best and Your Shit Country Can Eat a Dick and now they’re onto I’ll Stay Inside Forever, For I Love My Fellow Man. After that, they’ll most likely do Please Government Contain Us and Save Us From Ourselves. They’re gonna be at it for hours. They always are. And I’ll bet I know who started it: that rat bastard Lucressi Vicente Palamaro. He’s one helluva royal douche, though I’ll admit he does more than his fair share in the fight against coronavirus.
But those tambourines, man! Once they get going, they never stop. If I die of coronavirus, at least I won’t have to hear tambourines anymore. Should I infect myself? Suicide by coronavirus? It’d probably be a lot easier to just jump off my balcony. I’ll do it while Lucressi’s out on his, making another speech about his own greatness. Land right on his fat head. Snap his neck. Break his back. Yes.
I’m going crazy. It’s this weed. No, it’s staying in my apartment 167.25 hours per week. For the last 6 months. With no end in sight. Only leaving my house once a month for my allotted trip to the supermarket. Draped in my (state-issued) hazmat suit. When the fuck is this curve gonna flatten?
I take another phat rip. It goes straight to my head. Feels real good.
Uh oh.
A cough coming on. Got a bit too greedy with that last hit. My lord, hacking up a lung would feel amazing right now. You know you’ve taken a good hit when your face turns red and you nearly suffocate from hacking. At least, that was a good hit 6 months ago. Now a hit like that could put me in a Rehabilitation Center.
I must, absolutely must, restrain myself. If my neighbors hear a cough, they’ll inform the police. I’ll have the fuzz beating down my door in less than two minutes.
My throat irritation grows stronger. I look like I’m laughing, my chest heaving up and down. But inside my heart is filled with panic. Water. I must have water. I lift up the container resting by my feet: it’s empty. Fuck. And I finished my last liter of cola last night. The tap water is infested with coronavirus, so it’s of no use. I should have boiled a fresh batch of tap water last night, but I was too lazy. There’s gotta be some other form of liquid that might soothe my throat.
I rush to the kitchen: I’ve got liquid dish soap, a bottle of Drainex, a bottle of Windex, and an aerosol can of Lysol. Those liquids won’t do. No no. In my pantry, between silent heaves, I find a jar of Extra-Chunky Praegu. Ole faithful. Every Italian has a jar of Extra-Chunky Praegu on standby. And now this jar is going to save my life.
Frantically, I twist the lid, but it won’t budge. My hands are too weak and tiny—the product of my mother’s prenatal crack addiction. And I’ve got tiny feet to boot. And a micro-penis. Not to mention man-boobs. Gynecomastia it’s called in medical parlance. And worst of all, if you lift up my ballsack, you will discover a half-developed vagina, its entryway leading nowhere. A vestigial vagina, one could say. Except it never had a use in the first place. It’s not the remnant of evolutionary forces, but the remnant of crack addiction. Specifically, my mother’s. Oh, why couldn’t Mamma love me enough to cease smoking crack for just 9 months? Why did she put her addiction before her unborn child? Why did she force me to live with the byproduct of her own weakness? It’s not fair! I hate you, Mamma! I hate you, Mamma! No, wait, I take that back. I love you Mamma! You are everything to me. My troubles are my own fault: I shouldn’t have rushed inside your egg before the other sperm had a chance. If I mind being born so much, I should have let another sperm live instead. You know, a sperm that actually appreciates what he’s given. A sperm that doesn’t act so entitled. Isn’t that what you always called me, Mamma? A self-entitled sperm? I should be grateful that I have hands at all. Some moms smoke so much crack, their babies are born with little nubs for arms. And two heads! And congenital heart defects. Pulmonary valve stenosis. At least I don’t have that. It could be worse. Isn’t that what you said? Oh, Mamma! Mamma! I love you, Mamma! Why didn’t you love me?
In my fit of self-loathing anger, I forget about the primary task at hand: soothing my raw throat. I lose sight of the goal completely. And as a result, I make a grave mistake. I cough. Not a big, heaping, hacking cough. Just a little soft cough. But it is enough. The music outside stops instantaneously. I feel more coughs coming on. I have to do something. If I cough again, cops in hazmat suits will put a battering ram to my door and take me away. Or just execute me on the spot.
I can’t think clearly. I must access the Extra Chunky Praegu. It’s the only way to soothe my throat. The tap water is five-parts coronavirus to one-part H20. It’s not an option. I throw the glass container against my kitchen floor. It shatters; I fall to my knees, lick Extra-Chunky Praegu off the floor.
Outside, my neighbors wail from their balconies: “A cough! Did you hear it? Someone in our very building has the coronavirus. Rabble rabble rabble! Rumble rumble rumble!”
“Silence!” shouts Lucressi Vicente Palamaro. “We won’t hear another cough over your wailing. If we want to identify the evildoer, we must listen for his cough. And yes, he WILL cough again, as one of the symptoms of coronavirus, assuming it is not asymptomatic, is a lingering dry cough that lasts for weeks, if not years. So cease your rumblings!”
The neighbors comply. Total silence reigns supreme. Thankfully, the Extra-Chunky Praegu, one of the finest inventions in the history of Italy, is doing its job. My throat is alleviated. I need not cough again.
On my hands and knees, I continue to lick away, grateful that I will live to see another day. But then, a terrible thought dawns on me. I pause mid-lick—my tongue still stuck to the floor—so that I can contemplate this terrible thought in more depth. The coronavirus lives on linoleum surfaces for up to 12 millennia. It’s a scientific fact verified by leading virologists from across the globe. And just 6 months ago, before the coronavirus pandemic really hit us, I had allowed friends and family and plumbers and prostitutes to traipse about on my linoleum floor. Without a doubt, the soles of their shoes carried infinite payloads of coronavirus. Which is now living on my floor. A floor to which, at this very moment, my tongue is attached.
Dear. Lord. I’ve just contracted coronavirus!
3. Mario the Innovator
The problem with hospitals is that they’re overwhelmed. The doctors in them: they don’t have time to develop coronavirus vaccines. They’re too busy treating the elderly and at-risk. That’s why it is up to me to develop a vaccine. Being retired, I’ve got time on my hands.
They told me a man can’t have a baby just because you unsewed his bellybutton and attached a synthetic vagina to his stomach. And then, using a turkey baster, you injected 6.5 fluid ounces of baboon sperm into his stomach. He lacks the internal organs necessary to carry a baby, they told me. And he produces no egg. And baboon sperm can’t inseminate human eggs in the first place. That’s what they, the scientific community, said. And you know what? They were right.
But this time, I will prove the scientific community wrong. They say developing a vaccine is nearly impossible since the coronavirus mutates 36 times per nano-second. By the time we have a vaccine, it will have morphed into a different variety of coronavirus, most likely the dreaded covid-20, and then our vaccine will be worthless.
Our preeminent virologists must invent a special type of vaccine, one that mutates along with the virus. But again, they’re too busy saving the at-risk and elderly. The acute crisis has diverted them from finding a long-term solution. It’s a hopeless situation, they say. A retired anesthesiologist (that’s me) does not possess the requisite knowledge to create such an advanced vaccine, they say.
They are wrong! Never underestimate anesthesiologists! And never underestimate me, the esteemed Dr. Mario Vicci. Italian born, Dominican Republic educated. Winner of the Western Milan Community Hospital Employee of the Month Award, October 1984. Seducer of 13 different nurses between the years 1974-2004. Vanquisher of pain. Bringer-onner of unconsciousness before surgery. Imagine having your arm amputated without anesthesia. You wouldn’t like it, would you? Thanks to me and my anesthesiologist brethren, you’ll never have to face such an abominable tribulation.
But my capacities are not limited to anesthesiology. I am a medical innovator in the wider sense. A breaker of new ground. Thanks to me, it has been definitively proven that baboon semen cannot impregnate human males. Yes, other scientists may have theorized that this was the case. But those were mere theories. I PROVED the incompatibility of baboon sperm and men. I am an intrepid explorer of biology. A fearless, innovative wunderkind of the medical world.
Because of my fearlessness, I have already learned something very important about coronavirus. Everyone knows not to look at coronavirus under a microscope. If you do, its radioactive emissions will interact with the lactose in your retinas, inducing terminal seizures of the most violent nature. Immediate death. Not even sunglasses block the radiation. Not even polaroid sunglasses block the radiation. Everyone who has laid eyes upon coronavirus in its magnified form is dead. But if that’s the case, how could scientists warn the public of its radioactive properties in the first place? Those who have gained said knowledge would be dead, right? See, something does not add up there. Something is off. I theorized that scientists made up the radioactive thing to discourage regular folks from handling the coronavirus. In absence of discouragement, many armchair doctors would attempt to create a vaccine themselves, would attempt to handle the virus and observe it under a microscope. And in doing so, accidentally infect themselves. Because these laymen don't know how to take proper precautions. And then these laymen: they would further infect the elderly and at-risk. Those with underlying health issues. Further inundating the already overwhelmed hospitals. Destroying the work-life balance of our virologist doctors and greatly reducing the probability of us Italians ever finding a vaccine.
So yes, the scientific establishment’s lies are backed by good intentions. Nobody wants to put the elderly and at-risk at more risk. And no one wants to force doctors to work 30 hour days when they’re already working 26 hours per day. 26 hours is enough for one day. I understand that fully. So their lies are benign in intent. “But wait!” you say. “They’re not lying. Coronavirus really is radioactive. Its properties do interact with the lactose in your retinas, inducing seizures. Their lies are not well-intentioned, for their lies are not lies in the first place. Their truths are well-intentioned!”
Wrong! You are wrong! For the thing that I have discovered is this: when viewed with the naked eye, the coronavirus does not induce seizures. It has no radioactive properties. And how do I know this? Get ready for the big reveal: I know this because I have seen coronavirus with my own eyes! Yes, that is the truth. My suspicions about its radioactivity, combined with my unconditional love for mankind and his well-being, combined with my gargantuan balls and unmatched bravery, allowed me to throw precaution to the wind and observe coronavirus under my microscope.
It was not difficult to find a sample, given that our tap water is five-parts coronavirus to every one-part H20. I dribbled water onto a slide and, body trembling (for I knew I was risking my life for the sake of saving humanity), I peered at the microscopic enemy of the world. And there they were: thousands of them flitting about in the water. They looked like little red balls with tiny mushrooms sprouting off them. 19 mushrooms sprouting from each ball—hence the name Covid-19. That’s where the 19 comes from: 19 tiny mushrooms. Each coronavirus ball/molecule/thing has a little tail, providing it freedom of movement via flagellation. They look kind of like sperm to be honest. Virus-sperm. Or perhaps, sperm are really viruses. Which would imply that we humans, along with many other life forms, are actually just complex viruses. To discover humans are viruses: that would be a world changing revelation unto itself. But I must push aside that line of inquiry. For now, I have only one task: to invent a coronavirus vaccine and save the world.
At this very moment, I’m about to dribble Extra-Chunky Praegu onto the virus. The virus lives by destroying humans. So anything that nourishes humans, I theorize, will conversely destroy the virus. And nothing is more nourishing to Italians than our beloved Extra-Chunky Praegu sauce. I, for one, cannot go a single day without ingesting this zesty—not to mention economical—delicacy.
I’ve got my dropper loaded with sauce. I’ll start by adding just a single drop to my coronavirus specimen. Gentle now…gent—
Huh? What is that? That banging!
I pull out my right earplug (I always wear earplugs when engaged in scientific experimentation [environmental noises break my concentration]).
My god, no! It’s tambourines! They’re at it again with their incessant banging and strumming and plucking and pounding and singing. How am I to concentrate when earplugs can’t even drown out the infernal racket? My neighbors are going to retard scientific progress by a century, those imbeciles. If I can’t concentrate, a cure will never be found. Never! Those tambourines will be the extinction of humanity.
I fall to me knees and cry out, “I hate tambourines! Shut up! Shut up! In the name of science, in the name of all that is good and holy, quit it with the fucking tambourines!”
Then I burst into tears. I cry for humanity. But most of all, I cry for the elderly and at-risk. Those with underlying conditions.
4. Luigi’s Resolution
Ok Luigi. It’s official now: you’ve got coronavirus.
Despondent, I return to my couch and bring the bong to my lips. A good ole rip always settles the nerves. But what if I cough again? I set the bong on the table, un-ripped.
Moments ago Lucressi announced, “I believe it was a false alarm. It wasn't a cough. Someone just banged his tambourine incorrectly. I implore you: handle your tambourines with respect and care. I have a sneaking suspicion it was you, Mamma Ravioli, on the balcony of apartment B22, who banged your tambourine erroneously, in a manner mimicking a cough. You have early onset Parkinson's, do you not Mamma Ravioli? Perhaps, due to your affliction, you should stay inside and refrain from joining us in song. The video of our playing is likely to go viral. And if our tambourines sound like coughs, the authorities will assume the infected live among us. And they will take us away to Infection Rehabilitation Centers. From which we’ll never return. And we don’t want that, do we Mamma Ravioli?
What’s that you say? Playing your tambourine is the only thing that brings you joy in this time of tribulation? It makes you feel at one with your fellow man? I personally don’t think you give a flying fuck about your fellow man. Because if you did, you wouldn’t endanger us by coughing with your tambourine. But you didn’t make a mistake, you say? You swear it wasn’t you? Liar! Selfish liar, trying to cover your tracks! You’re willing to send us all to Rehabilitation Centers just so you can have a little fun on your tambourine? You’re just as bad as the wretches who to take their dogs for walks. You’re on the same level as sheep-herding boys intent on infecting the world. What’s that? You’re sorry? You’ll go back inside and isolate yourself? Good. That’s a good girl, Mamma Ravioli. Be gone with you. Now, my brethren, let us resume playing. How about we do Shaking Hands Should Be a Capital Offense? I really love that tune. 1-2-3…”
And then they started banging away on their instruments again. That’s everything Lucressi said exactly as he said it. I have a very good memory. So for now, it seems, I am safe from suspicion. But poor Mamma Ravioli! How she loves to sing. And what a fine woman too! Before the lockdown, when I saw her around the neighborhood, she always implored me to visit her apartment for some of her world-famous cannoli. I only took her up on the offer once or twice—because I was a free man then, and I had much else to do—but boy were those cannoli delicious. Totally lived up to their reputation. I used to take those cannoli for granted, but now I’d do anything for a single bite. And honestly, it’s not the cannoli I desire. What I really want is to spend some face-to-face time with Mamma Ravioli. What a sweetheart. Reminds me of my great Aunt Helgavicci. To spend time with Mamma Ravioli—with anyone, really—to look into her eyes. To give her a kiss on the cheek. To hug her. To receive a supportive pat on the back. I’d do anything for some human contact! Anything! I haven’t touched another human in six months. Woe to me! Woe to Mamma Ravioli! Woe to Italy!
I bring the bong to my mouth, a reflexive act of consolation. But I quickly realize my error and refrain from lighting up.
I’ve got two weeks until the virus’s symptoms manifest. At that point, I won’t be able to control my coughs. And my neighbors will sniff me out. Should I just hand myself over to the authorities now? Get things over with? The Coronavirus Infection Task Force will take me away to a Rehabilitation Center…and no one comes back from those places. I’m afraid of those rehab centers. But I have a moral obligation to remove myself from this building, save my neighbors from the threat of infection. Yes, I had better hand myself in to the authorities. Admit that I licked the floor and got coronavirus. Take my fate like a man. I’m gonna die of the disease in the near future anyway. A painful, brutal death. Might as well do it in a rehab center, away from my healthy neighbors.
I recline on the couch pitifully and reflect on my existence.
I’ve lived a wonderful life these last 26 years, made innumerable good friends. Well, four friends to be exact. And two won’t speak to me anymore. But still, I’ve got friends. Not to mention a wonderful family. A father who taught me the value of corporal punishment. A mother who, despite smoking crack during her pregnancy, has many admirable qualities. She showed me how to finish a cigarette in two drags and how to make wine from fruit punch Kool-aid mixed with rotten bananas stolen from the dumpster behind the supermarket. That was quite a valuable skill…before the quarantine days. When a man still had enough freedom to steal from a dumpster. Ah, how I miss my mother. I wish I could visit her in the psych ward before I die.
And I can’t overlook my many accomplishments. 4th place in the 3rd grade spelling bee. It was ‘Botticelli’ that tripped me up, as I recall. By that’s not even a word! It’s just a last name. I still say there was a conspiracy against me. The other kids got easy words, like ‘gatta' and ‘mucca.’ It was Sig. Rossi, my language teacher and chair of the spelling bee, who plotted against me. He hated me because I preferred the Shakespearean sonnet structure over the Italian sonnet. But still I came in 4th place! I am a great man. A true success. A winner!
But what is my greatest accomplishment of all? Undoubtedly, my prolificness as a masturbator. Since the age of 12, I’d estimate I’ve beaten off 2.7 times per day. That’s roughly 13,797 ejaculations. And let’s not forget that I’ve slept with 4 different women, 7 including prostitutes. And one of those women, I banged multiple times, as we dated for a full 2 months. So that puts me closers to 13,850 ejaculations. Toss in a few wet dreams here and there, and we’re at 13,875. I wonder if I can make it to 14,000 ejaculations before I die? With hard work and determination, it can be done.
I reach into my pants, begin stroking, try to imagine a fresh, tight vagina…but images of my own demise pervade my thoughts. I see myself in a hospital bed, intubated. A ventilator breathing for me. A respirator wedged up my ass. Surrounded by impersonal doctors in masks. Who know not who I am. Who know nothing of my masturbatory virtuosity. Who have never seen my purple ribbon from the spelling bee. I will die alone. In an antiseptic rehabilitation center. Without saying goodbye to my crack-addicted, suicidal mother. Or my strop-loving father. Or my dear Aunt Helgavicci. Or my four friends, two of whom don’t speak to me but still technically count as friends.
No, I cannot allow myself to suffer that lonely fate! I will not hand myself in to the authorities. I will find a way to overcome this coronavirus. They say it can’t be done, but I will find a way. For I have much life yet to live. Many more goals to accomplish. And many more ejaculations to spurt.
5. Lucressi’s Promise
Excellent playing, my scientifically aware and morally superior brethren. That was the most beautiful rendition of 1 Billion Scientific Models Can’t Possibly Be Wrong I’ve ever heard. And what a lovely message it preaches: we no longer believe in ludicrous superstitions, worshiping some bearded old man in the clouds. The new religion is science. A religion based on 100% accurate facts. We don’t read the bible for edification. Instead, we turn to models. Generated by scientists of the highest prestige. With the most degrees. And the most smartness. With the best data. Which they input into their highly precise models, which are always correct. Did you see the latest model released by La Academia de Italiano Scientifico? It says at least 7.8 billion out of the earth’s 8 billion inhabitants will die by the end of the year. Thankfully, we are quarantining and treating the virus with due respect. So we shall be among the 200 million who live. I pity the remaining 7.8 billion heretics, who dare step outside their apartments without hazmat suits. They do not worship science. They are not wise like us. Brilliant like us. Perfect human specimens, we are. That’s how I’d describe us.”
“Yes Lucressi,” cry my neighbors in unison. “We are perfect human specimens. And you are the most perfect specimen of all!”
“Why thank you. Your compliments warm my heart. But now, the sun dips behind the smoking mountain. The night rests its dark veil upon us, and the virus comes out to play. So our musical communion is finished for this day. Everyone return inside and make preparations for bedtime. Tomorrow, we shall take up our instruments once more. And the day after that. And the day after that. And then for hundreds and thousands of days thereafter. For that is how long the quarantine shall last. Another year at the very least. But most likely decades.”
“Do you really mean it, Lucressi?” wail my neighbors.
“Yes, decades. According to the latest models. Released by La Academia of Italiano Scientifica. This is the new normal.”
“Oh joyous news! We get to spend 10 more years inside, saving our fellow man. We love saving our fellow man! And we love singing on our balconies!”
“As do I. As do I. Good night my beloveds. I will see you tomorrow. On your balconies. When the sun shines again.”
“We love you Lucressi! We love you! Thank you for keeping watch over us. Thank you for saving us from ourselves. And from Mamma Ravioli.”
“You are most welcome.”
Inside, I boil a pot of water, removing the 5-parts coronavirus. Well, that singing session went well. Once again, the rabble supports me as the #1 coronavirus eradicator and the #1 friend of the state. Their fearless protector. That bastard Marco in apartment D78: he won their favor last week by killing a dog-walking dissenter. Killed him right dead with a marble fired from a self-made slingshot. Fairly ingenious, I have to give Marco credit. I must make a slingshot myself, so I know the direct pleasure of killing dissenters. Tomorrow is my supermarket day. I’ll try to find the necessary supplies.
Yes, that prick Marco won much of their favor last week. But I won it back through devotion to my sentinel duties and the destruction of the sheep herder. And my beautiful guitar strumming—it always melts my neighbors’ hearts. And I can’t overlook the value of my innate leadership skills. Yes, thanks to my many gifts and talents, I am once again the undisputed king of this apartment block. Marco was just the flavor of the week. I am the flavor of the decade. And soon I shall have a slingshot of my own. Maybe I can kill Marco with it? Brilliant idea, Lucressi.
I take a sip of piping-hot, freshly boiled tap water. It tastes metallic. It tastes antiseptic. It tastes like the smell of a doctor’s office. And I love it. Life is good.
Except for one minor problem. Actually a major problem: the cough. Without a doubt, I heard a cough during our music session. I blamed it on Mamma Ravioli’s tambourine playing, but I know she was not the culprit. I only blamed her to put the real culprit at ease. Make him feel like the heat’s off. So that he lets his guard down. And perhaps gets careless and coughs again. At which point I will locate and eradicate him.
Among our own ranks, we harbor an untouchable. This person: he knows he must hand himself in to the police. That’s the proper protocol, the government rule. But he won’t do that. He’s not a good citizen. He does not respect the authority of the government or the health of the elderly and at-risk. He’s an evildoer: I could tell by the sound of the cough. It was the cough of the devil. Yes, the devil’s cough.
But he won’t be an issue for long. For I, Lucressi Vicente Palamaro, shall locate the menace and eradicate the threat. Stamp out the problem. Which isn’t really a problem, per se. Because, in destroying him, I shall win more of my neighbors’ respect and love. I will eternally cement my place as the leader of this apartment block. I will lay the foundation for my political career.
Cougher: your ass shall be mine. That I promise you. That I promise.
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2020.08.16 23:09 threaddo Post-Match Thread: Frosinone 0-1 Spezia [Serie B, Round 1]

FT: Frosinone 0-1 Spezia

Frosinone Score Spezia
0-[1] E. Gyasi 21'
Date: 16/08/2020 — 21:15 CEST, 15:15 EDT, 20:15 BST, 00:45 IST
Competition: Serie B (Round 1)
Venue: Stadio Benito Stirpe (Frosinone)
Referee: F. Fourneau

Lineups

Frosinone Notes Spezia Notes
Manager: A. Nesta Manager: V. Italiano
22 F. Bardi 1 S. Scuffet
15 L. Ariaudo 19 C. Terzi YC 33'
23 N. Brighenti 33 L. Vitale SUB 64'
14 A. Salvi SUB 83' 28 M. Erlić YC 79'
32 L. Krajnc 21 Salvador Ferrer
8 R. Maiello 8 M. Ricci YC 68'
7 L. Paganini 16 P. Bartolomei
5 M. Gori SUB 71' 25 G. Maggiore A 21'; SUB 64'
17 M. Rohdén 9 A. Galabinov SUB 74'
10 F. Dionisi YC 23'; SUB 57' 14 M. N'Zola
18 A. Novakovich YC 83'; SUB 84' 11 E. Gyasi G 21'; YC 73'

Substitutes

Frosinone: C. Ciano (SUB 57'), A. Tribuzzi (SUB 71'), A. Beghetto (SUB 83'), M. Ardemagni (SUB 84'), L. Matarese, A. Iacobucci, P. Szymiński, N. Citro, P. Bastianello, F. Zampano, M. Vitale, M. Capuano
Spezia: L. Mora (SUB 64'), J. Ramos (SUB 64'), F. Ricci (SUB 74'), S. Gudjohnsen, T. Krapikas, A. Desjardins, A. Ragusa, L. Vignali, A. Di Gaudio, G. Mastinu, S. Bastoni

Timeline

21': Goal! E. Gyasi scores [G. Maggiore assist] — Frosinone 0-[1] Spezia .
23': Yellow card shown to F. Dionisi ( Frosinone).
33': Yellow card shown to C. Terzi ( Spezia).
57': Substitution for Frosinone: C. Ciano in, F. Dionisi out.
64': Substitution for Spezia: L. Mora in, G. Maggiore out.
64': Substitution for Spezia: J. Ramos in, L. Vitale out.
68': Yellow card shown to M. Ricci ( Spezia).
71': Substitution for Frosinone: A. Tribuzzi in, M. Gori out.
73': Yellow card shown to E. Gyasi ( Spezia).
74': Substitution for Spezia: F. Ricci in, A. Galabinov out.
79': Yellow card shown to M. Erlić ( Spezia).
83': Yellow card shown to A. Novakovich ( Frosinone).
83': Substitution for Frosinone: A. Beghetto in, A. Salvi out.
84': Substitution for Frosinone: M. Ardemagni in, A. Novakovich out.
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2020.08.13 11:15 qldmaroon7 Match Thread: Newcastle Jets vs Wellington Phoenix (2019/20 A-League - The PPF/The 27 in 34)

NEWCASTLE JETS 3-0 WELLINGTON PHOENIX
Newcastle Jets Goalscorers: Nick Fitzgerald (45'), Bernie Ibini (76'), Jason Hoffman (79')
Wellington Phoenix Goalscorers:
Competition: 2019/20 Hyundai A-League Regular Season (The PPF/The 27 in 34)
Venue: Netstrata Jubilee Stadium, Sydney, NSW
Date: Thursday, August 13th, 2020
Kickoff: 7:30pm AEST, 9:30pm NZST
Referee: Alireza Faghani
Attendance: No spectators permitted* (Capacity: 20,500 - COVID Capacity: 5,125)
TV Broadcast: Fox Sports 507 (AUS) & Sky Sport 7 (NZ)
Streams: Kayo Sports & My Football Live App
Matchtracker Link: Fox Sports
Post-COVID League Form Guide
NEWCASTLE W D W Last Match: 1-0 vs Western United
WELLINGTON L W D L D Last Match: 1-1 vs Brisbane Roar (N)
Last Time They Met: WEL 2-1 NEW January 24th, 2020
Ladder Positions: 9th vs 3rd
Lineups (note: both sides allowed to make up to five substitutions)
NEWCASTLE JETS
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Noah James (GK) Lewis Italiano (GK)
Jason Hoffman 79' Benjamin Kantarovski 86'
Connor O'Toole 86' Kosta Petratos 80'
Nikolai Topor-Stanley 42' Bernie Ibini 67', 76'
Nigel Boogaard 22' Lucas Mauragis 86'
Johnny Koutroumbis 57' Roy O'Donovan 67'
Nick Fitzgerald 45', 67' Yerasimakis Petratos
Steven Ugarkovic
Angus Thurgate 86'
Abdiel Arroyo 67'
Dimitrios Petratos 80' Manager: Carl Robinson
 
WELLINGTON PHOENIX
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Stefan Marinovic (GK) Zac Jones (GK)
Callan Elliot 81' Te Atawhai Hudson-Wihongi
Liberato Cacace Walter Scott 81'
Steven Taylor Alex Rufer 46'
Luke DeVere 9' Brandon Wilson
Cameron Devlin Jashua Sotirio 67'
Callum McCowatt Ben Waine 85'
Matti Steinmann 46'
Reno Piscopo
Ulises Davila 67'
David Ball 85' Manager: Ufuk Talay
Commentary
-15' The finish line is in sight, and tonight the Newcastle Jets and Wellington Phoenix play their final regular-season game at Netstrata Jubilee Stadium. The Jets have been in good form since the restart, picking up 7 of a possible 9 points, but a poor start to the season means they're only playing for 8th spot. The Phoenix will be playing finals for a second straight season, but require three points, and a favour from former coach Mark Rudan on Wednesday, if they want any chance of breaking into the top two.
-2' Teams make their way out. *Looks like it's just an attendance of one tonight (Jets fan), although at half-time, it looks like they may have had a couple of others with them.
1' We are underway.
2' Wellington have an early free-kick, which McCowatt sends wide.
8' Elliot nutmegs his opponent and shoots, but James tips it over the bar.
9' The resulting corner is sent to the far post with DeVere going down in the box, but the referee gives the free-kick the other way and books DeVere for simulation.
13' Wellington's second corner in quick succession comes in and James uses his head to keep the ball out.
14' Davila cuts it back to Ball, who scissor kicks it over for a goal kick. Newcastle under a lot of pressure.
21' Ugarkovic tries one from distance, but he misses to the left.
22' Nigel Boogaard has been booked for his challenge on Davila.
24' Cacace goes down in the box looking for a penalty, but the referee ignores him completely.
26' Elliot goes down in the box with Topor-Stanley, but Faghani doesn't give the penalty again.
30' Ball is one on one in the box against James, who makes another fine save.
37' Newcastle have the corner, with Dimi Petratos sending it to the far post for Hoffman, who heads high and wide of the goal.
42' Nikolai Topor-Stanley is booked for his challenge on Davila.
45' NEW 1-0 WEL GOAL - Wellington get caught on the counter attack! Thurgate gets to the edge of the box and slides the pass through to Fitzgerald, whose deflected shot beats Marinovic and finds the back of the net.
45' One minute of stoppage time to end the first half.
HT NEWCASTLE JETS 1-0 WELLINGTON PHOENIX
46' Half-time change for the Nix, with Matti Steinmann not returning, and Alex Rufer on in his place.
46' The second half is underway.
48' Dimi Petratos with a great strike from inside the box, and Marinovic pulls off an equally good save.
49' Topor-Stanley tries one from the edge of the box, but it goes wide.
53' The free-kick is sent into the box where it comes back out to McCowatt, who sends it over the crossbar and out for a goal kick.
57' Johnny Koutroumbis is shown the yellow card for his foul on Ball.
58' A mishap in defence sees Topor-Stanley nearly concede an own goal.
61' The Wellington corner is sent to the near post and cleared before the Phoenix look to have scored, but the flag is up for offside against Taylor.
67' Double change for the Jets, with Arroyo off for Roy O'Donovan.
67' And Nick Fitzgerald makes way for Berine Ibini.
67' The Phoenix also make a sub, with Ulises Davilla coming off for Jashua Sotirio.
72' Piscopo runs down the middle, but it's a great tackle by Koutroumbis with the Jets on the counter, which finishes with O'Toole missing narrowly.
76' NEW 2-0 WEL GOAL - Bernie Ibini has come off the bench and made an impact. A big one! He has the ball in the centre and runs to the edge of the box before striking the ball low and hard past Marinovic, who had absolutely no chance of stopping it.
78' Elliot goes down in the box under the challenge of O'Toole and the referee doesn't point to the spot.
79' NEW 3-0 WEL GOAL - Newcastle go down the other end with Dimi Petratos backheeling to Hoffman, who slams it inside the roof of the net to put the game beyond doubt. What probably should've been a penalty down the other end ends up being a goal to the opposition with the game now all but sealed.
80' Dimi Petratos makes way for his brother Kosta.
81' Callan Elliot comes off and he is replaced by Walter Scott.
84' Ibini tries one from just outside the box, but he mnisses narrowly.
85' David Ball is replaced by Ben Waine.
86' Final changes for the Jets, with Angus Thurgate off for Ben Kantarovski.
86' And Connor O'Toole making way for Lucas Mauragis.
90' There will be three minutes of stoppage time.
FT NEWCASTLE JETS 3-0 WELLINGTON PHOENIX
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2020.08.11 22:56 threaddo Post-Match Thread: Spezia 3-1 Chievo (3-[3] on agg.) [Serie B, Round 2]

FT: Spezia 3-1 Chievo

Aggregate: Spezia 3-3 Chievo
Spezia Score Chievo
A. Galabinov 2' [1]-0
G. Maggiore 50' [2]-0
M. N'Zola 53' [3]-0
3-[1] M. Leverbe 90'+3' (pen.)
Date: 11/08/2020 — 21:00 CEST, 15:00 EDT, 20:00 BST, 00:30 IST
Competition: Serie B (Round 2)
Venue: Stadio Alberto Picco (La Spezia)
Referee: E. Abbattista

Lineups

Spezia Notes Chievo Notes
Manager: V. Italiano Manager: A. Aglietti
1 S. Scuffet 1 A. Šemper
19 C. Terzi 13 F. Renzetti
33 L. Vitale A 50'; SUB 80' 33 M. Rigione
28 M. Erlić A 53' 15 M. Leverbe PG 90'+3'
21 Salvador Ferrer 41 L. Dickmann YC 9'
8 M. Ricci 4 J. Obi SUB 77'
16 P. Bartolomei A 2' 8 J. Segre YC 59'; SUB 60'
25 G. Maggiore YC 18'; G 50'; SUB 67' 6 S. Esposito SUB 46'
9 A. Galabinov G 2'; SUB 77' 23 F. Đorđević SUB 77'
14 M. N'Zola G 53' 27 D. Ceter
11 E. Gyasi SUB 80' 25 E. Vignato SUB 60'

Substitutes

Spezia: L. Mora (SUB 67'; YC 90'+2'), A. Ragusa (SUB 77'), J. Ramos (SUB 80'), A. Di Gaudio (SUB 80'), L. Vignali, S. Bastoni, A. Desjardins, T. Krapikas, G. Acampora, G. Mastinu, S. Gudjohnsen, F. Ricci
Chievo: L. Garritano (SUB 46'), J. Morsay (SUB 60'), E. Zuelli (SUB 60'), H. Ongenda (SUB 77'), S. Grubac (SUB 77'), I. Karamoko, M. Cavar, G. Di Noia, S. Väisänen, M. Cotali, M. Nardi, D. Pavlev

Timeline

2': Goal! A. Galabinov scores [P. Bartolomei assist] — Spezia [1]-0 Chievo .
9': Yellow card shown to L. Dickmann ( Chievo).
18': Yellow card shown to G. Maggiore ( Spezia).
46': Substitution for Chievo: L. Garritano in, S. Esposito out.
50': Goal! G. Maggiore scores [L. Vitale assist] — Spezia [2]-0 Chievo .
53': Goal! M. N'Zola scores [M. Erlić assist] — Spezia [3]-0 Chievo .
59': Yellow card shown to J. Segre ( Chievo).
60': Substitution for Chievo: J. Morsay in, E. Vignato out.
60': Substitution for Chievo: E. Zuelli in, J. Segre out.
67': Substitution for Spezia: L. Mora in, G. Maggiore out.
77': Substitution for Spezia: A. Ragusa in, A. Galabinov out.
77': Substitution for Chievo: H. Ongenda in, J. Obi out.
77': Substitution for Chievo: S. Grubac in, F. Đorđević out.
80': Substitution for Spezia: J. Ramos in, L. Vitale out.
80': Substitution for Spezia: A. Di Gaudio in, E. Gyasi out.
90'+2': Yellow card shown to L. Mora ( Spezia).
90'+3': Goal! M. Leverbe scores (Penalty) — Spezia 3-[1] Chievo .
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2020.08.10 19:44 CMacLaren On Rust, and Liberty

THE BADDAGE BOYS ARE BACK IN TOWN
Akbar
Akbar, a powerful vampire, was burnt when the Mother and Father, Akasha and Enkil, were put into the sun. He resides in Antioch, in search of the Mother and Father, and leaves his victims on the steps of the Temple.
Akbar threatens to kill Pandora unless Marius allows him to see and drink from the ancient couple. He drains Pandora to near death before Marius allows him to see the Mother and Father, and is later destroyed by Akasha when he attempts to drink from her.
http://i.imgur.com/jhDIx.jpg
Azim
Azim was one of the older vampires. He ruled as a god for a thousand years in a secret temple in the Himalayas, where those who went to worship him never returned alive.
He conducted disturbing rituals and entices Pandora to participate in them in return for Marius' location (when Marius gets trapped in the ice after Akasha awakens).
Akasha spares him during her worldwide slaughter, but for a purpose. She sees him as the ultimate symbol of vampire evil and explodes his body in front of human witnesses.
http://i.imgur.com/PEmx8.jpg
Daniel Molloy
Daniel was the recorder of Louis' confession that later became the story Interview with the Vampire. Born in 1955, Daniel comes across Armand in 1975, after he had recorded Louis' story.
He becomes Armand's mortal companion, but conflicts drive them apart. Armand continually refuses Daniel's requests for immortality.
Daniel turns to alcohol and becomes a mortal recipient of the dream of the twins. In 1985, Armand gives Daniel (who is dying) immortal life. He survives Akasha's worldwide slaughter of vampires.
http://i.imgur.com/ePwqZ.jpg
Druid Vampire (God of the Grove)
The Druid Vampire, also known as the God of the Grove, was kept in an oak tree by the Druids to preside over their harvest and to ensure the fertility of their land. He was badly burnt when Akasha and Enkil were placed in the sun, and as a result of his weakened state, the Druids went in search for another god.
The Druids abduct Marius and return him to their god, who subsequently makes Marius a vampire. He is destroyed by the Druids when he tries to accompany Marius in search of reasons as to why so many vampires where burnt.
http://i.imgur.com/lAAAr.jpg
Synopsis
The brand-new bestselling series from the authors of the phenomenal multi-million-selling Left Behind books. Now in paperback!
Here is the first in the Biblically inspired series, The Jesus Chronicles, which brings to life the story of Jesus, told in the voices of those who knew and loved him best-the Gospel writers John, Mark, Matthew, and Luke.
In this volume, readers will discover John's story, a thrilling account of the life of the man who came to fulfill the prophecies of the Old Testament and to save all of humankind-and the disciple who was the last eyewitness to Jesus' glory. Readers will experience firsthand the creation of the Gospel of John as well as the Book of Revelation-Scripture that still has profound meaning for the world 2,000 years later. Publishers Weekly.
http://i.imgur.com/18mF2.jpg
Elder
An ancient Egyptian vampire, the Elder was the guardian of Akasha and Enkil prior to Marius. He was the cause of vampires everywhere being burnt (himself included), when he placed the ancient couple in the sun.
He does this to test the legend that the preservation or destruction of Akasha and Enkil is the determinant in the survival of the vampire race.
When Marius comes to remove the ancient couple from the Elder's care, the Elder becomes enraged and is killed by Akasha.
http://i.imgur.com/vuzpF.jpg Eric
Eric was made a vampire by Maharet around BC1000 at the mortal age of thirty. He survives Akasha's worldwide slaughter due to his immortal age of three thousand years and is one of the immortals that gather at Sonoma to stand against Akasha.
http://i.imgur.com/U4IQH.jpg
Flavius
Flavius is a one-legged Greek mortal slave who Pandora falls in love with in Antioch. He becomes Pandora's companion and protector even after she is made a vampire.
To the disgust of Marius, Pandora makes Flavius a vampire as he lay on his deathbed riddled with disease. He was forty years old.
When Marius discovers what Pandora has done, he sends Flavius away. Before he left, Flavius thanked Pandora for the immortality she gave him.
http://i.imgur.com/dFT76.jpg
Foundation Patriot
She was a peasant. She would go outside during the day in search of victims. Once, she approached a man carrying bread, she striked, sucking his fore-arm in order for him to drop the bread roll.She then, in the role of men in her step, remove the pan and press the bread with the smoke of his ability. During Badage droughts, she would feast upon her own brain. Badage drought in your brain, she woke up.
http://i.imgur.com/KAxXO.jpg
Laurent
Laurent is a vampire Baby Jenks meets during Akasha's worldwide slaughter of vampires. He is killed during this event. (He may or may not be the same Laurent from Armand's first Parisian coven — this is unclear.
http://i.imgur.com/YITrj.jpg
Madeleine
Madeleine was a Parisian doll maker who Claudia chose to be her mother and protector when Claudia feared Louis would leave her for Armand.
She was killed by Armand's coven, together with Claudia, the same year she was given immortal life. She had lost a child near Claudia's age when Louis made her a vampire, in 1862. Madeleine was the first vampire made by Louis.
http://i.imgur.com/JSLZL.jpg
Magnus
Magnus, the maker of Lestat, gave himself immortality during the 1400s when he trapped a vampire and stole blood from it. He chose to make Lestat a vampire because of his courage.
On the same night he made Lestat a vampire, during the year 1780, he destroyed himself in a fire, leaving Lestat alone to discover and learn about his immortality.
http://i.imgur.com/il4nf.jpg
The Woop-Town Supper
There was might in the whole world of the same face deers even when the metro man dances in the moon light and continues to splash fish in the water in an attempt to play some ball.
http://i.imgur.com/M7Mmt.jpg
The Jenikens Chronicle
Also know as the Master of Supper in the nether regions. His head head would be imploded if the crisp the crops during the Badage civil wars. The Akasha used to use the gamers ass soer weapons because the butter on the boot would have even more then the yearsd of the yatke.
http://i.imgur.com/gpjVn.jpg
The Master of Might
The Nabonidus Chronicle is an ancient Babylonian text, part of a larger series of Babylonian Chronicles incribed in cuneiform script on clay tablets. It deals primarily with the reign of Nabonidus, the last king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, covers the conquest of Babylon by the Persian king Cyrus the Great and ends with the start of the reign of Cyrus's son Cambyses, spanning a period from 556 BC to some time after 539 BC. It provides a rare contemporary account of Cyrus's rise to power and is the main source of information on this period;[1] Amélie Kuhrt describes it as "the most reliable and sober [ancient] account of the fall of Babylon."[2]
http://i.imgur.com/LIJiE.jpg
The essence of destruction
Although he may be just one of these old factioned faction. The master of wisom used tp bein the legue of the slit babied mammothes. It is unsure to why the health of such a large gigantic spepas uses such large and strange men.
http://i.imgur.com/LydF4.jpg
The Roaming Swordman
He is thought to combat large spiked black zombies who use baked potatoes as a lube to make their eyes work ffaster. It was unsure why he would take such risks for only the amount of the same young hill billy uses hte sweat of a large antelope and once they do, the large bird uses its pheromones to lure the large one with the old man happy.
http://i.imgur.com/7I2Tv.jpg
The Nasty Banquote
She was born in Châteauroux in 1954. She remained there for eighteen months. During her childhood, with her three brothers and sisters, she moved from city to city, depending on the assignments her sub-prefect father received.
In 1976 she was awarded a Master of Philosophy by the Sorbonne, Paris, and in 1978 went on to complete an MA in philosophy and aesthetics at Université de Paris X - Nanterre. There, too, she completed a doctorate in philosophy in 1981. During those years she studied with a teacher she admires, Emmanuel Levinas, and her work focussed on the notion of asceticism in Christian mysticism.
Work He uses the same humans as the one whpo produced the sweat y but also fat men of the large bablionial ground of which the man with the square and hte strange heart. He would cry 'Why are there latino in my huron'.
http://i.imgur.com/HK3KG.jpg
Essential Reading Carradice I, & Price M.J., Coinage in the Greek World, London 1988. Sellwood, D. 'Minting' in D. Strong and D. Brown Roman Crafts, London 1976, pp.63-73
Catalogues & Reference Works (Some have very useful introductions)
Burnett A., Amandry M., Rippolès P.P., Roman Provincial Coinage, London 1992. Callataÿ F. de., L'histoire des guerres Mithridatiques vue par les monnaies, Louvain-la-Neuve 1997. Houghton A., Coins From the Seleucid Empire from the Collection of Arthur Houghton, New York 1983. Lindgen H.C. & Kovacs F.L., I Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant, California 1985. Lindgen H.C. & Kovacs F.L., II Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints, California 1989. Lindgen H.C. & Kovacs F.L., III Ancient Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection, California 1993. Metcalf W.E., The Silver Coinage of Cappadocia, Vespasian-Commodus, New York 1996. Newell E.T., The Coinage of the Eastern Seleucid Mints from Seleucus I to Antiochus III, New York 1978 (reprint). Newell E.T., The Coinage of the Western Seleucid Mints from Seleucus I to Antiochus III, New York 1977 (reprint).
Price, M.J., Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus, London 1991. SNG British Museum I, The Black Sea, London 1993. SNG Copenhagen
SNG von Aulock (Asia Minor mints) Secondary Literature: Monographs Balmuth, M.S. Hacksilber to Coinage: New Insights into the Monetary History of the Near East and Greece, New York 2001. Burnett A., Wartenberg U., & Witschonke R. (edd.), Coins of Macedonia and Rome: Essays in Honour of Charles Hersh, London 1998. Butcher K., Roman Provincial Coins, Lonson 1988. Carradice I., Greek Coins, London 1995. Figuera T., The Power of Money: Coinage and Politics in the Athenian Empire, Pennsylvania 1998. Grierson P. Numismatics, Oxford 1975. Harl K.W., Civic Coins and Civic Politics, California 1987. Head B., Historia Nummorum, 2nd ed. Oxford 1911/67. Hill G.F., Coins of Ancient Sicily, London. Hill G.F., Historical Greek Coins, London. Howgego C., Ancient History from Coins. Jenkins G.K., Ancient Greek Coins, 2nd ed London 1990. Jones J.M., A Dictionary of Ancient Greek Coins, London 1986. Kraay C.M., Archaic and Classical Greek Coins, London 1976. Kraay C.M., Coins of Ancient Athens, Newcastle 1968.
Martin T.R., Sovereignty and Coinage in Classical Greece, 1885. Meadows, A. and K. Shipton Money and its Uses in the Ancient Greek World Oxford 2001. Melville-Jones J.R., Testimonia Numaria, London 1993. Milne J.G., Greek Coinage, Oxford 1931. Mørkholm O., Early Hellenistic Coinage, Cambridge 1991. Nash D., Coinage in the Celtic World, London 1987. Oikonomides A.N., The Coins of Alexander the Great, Chicago 1981. Penn R.G., Medicine on Ancient Greek and Roman Coins, London 1994. Plant R., Greek Coin Types and Their Identification, London 1979. Ramage, A. and Craddock, P. King Croesus' Gold: Excavations and the History of Gold Refining, London 2000. Roberts W.R., The Ancient Boeotians and the Coinage of Boeotia, Chicago 1974. Rutter, N.K., Greek Coinage, Aylesbury 1983. Rutter, N.K., The Greek Coinages of Southern Italy and Sicily, London 1997. Rutter, N.K. Historia Nummorum, Italy, London 2001. Seltman C., Athens, its Hitsory and Coinage, Chicago 1974. Seltman C., Greek Coins, London 1977.
Troxell H., Studies in the Macedonian Coinage of Alexander the Great, New York 1997. Van Arsdell R.D., Celtic Coinage of Britain, London 1989.
Journal Articles
Beer L., 'Results of Coin Striking to simulate the Mint of Aegina' Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Numismatics 1982, 47-51. Buttrey T.V., 'Pharaonic Imitations of Athenian Tetradrachms', Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Numismatics 1982, 137-40 Clay T., 'Metallurgy and Metallography in Numismatics', Numismatica e Antichita Classiche 17 (1988) 341-52. Hill G.F., 'Ancient Methods of Coining' NC 1922, 1-42. Holloway R.R., 'The Date of the First Greek Coins: Some Arguments from Style and Hoards', Revue Belge de Numismatique, 130 (1984) 5-17. Kagan D., 'The Dates of the Earliest Coins', AJA 86 (1982) 343-60 Kinns P., The Amphictyonic Coinage Reconsidered', NC 143 (1983) 1-22. Kraay C.M., 'The Archaic Owls of Athens: Classification and Chronology', NC 6 (1956) 43-68. Kroll J.H., 'From Wappenmünzen to Gorgoneia to Owls', ANSMN 26 (1981) 1-32. Kroll J.H. & Waggoner N.M., 'Dating the Earliest Coins of Athens, Corinth and Aegina', AJA 88 (1984) 325-40. Lewis D.M., 'The Chronolgy of the Athenian New Style Coinage', NC 11 (1962) 275-300. Mørkholm O., 'The Chronolgy of the New Style Coinage of Athens', ANSMN 29 (1984) 29-42. Mørkholm O., 'The "Behaviour" of Dies in the Hellenistic Period', Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Numismatics1982, 209-14. Petrillo S. & Volk T.R., 'Old and New Worlds: Ancient Coinage and Modern Technology', in Information to Knowledge ed. Nisson E. & Schmidt K., Oxford 1995, pp.151-70. Price M.J., 'Early Greek Bronze Coinage', in Kraay C.M. & Jenkins G.K., Essays in Greek Coinage Presented to Stanley Robinson, 1968, pp. 90-104.
Price M.J. & Waggoner N., Archaic Greek Coinage: The Asyut Hoard, 1975. Robinson W.S.G., 'The Date of the Earliest Coins', NC 16 (1956) 1-8. Vickers M., ' Early Greek Coinage: A Reassessment', NC 145 (1985) 1-44. Walker A.S., 'Some Plated Coins from the Agora at Athens', Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Numismatics 1982, 132-6. Roman Bibliography
(Items marked * are available from Dr. Stanley Ireland)
Essential Reading Burnett A., Coinage in the Roman World, London 1988.
Catalogues & Reference Works (Some have very useful introductions) Crawford M.H., Roman Republican Coinage, Cambridge 1974 Grierson P. & Mays M., Late Roman Coins, Washington 1992. Roman Imperial Coinage
Secondary Literature: Monographs Carson R.A.G., Coins of the Roman Empire, London 1990. Carson R.A.G., The Principal Coins of the Romans, London 1978. Casey J. & Reece R., Coins and the Archaeologist, London 1974/88.
Casey J., Understanding Ancient Coins, 1986. Crawford M.H., Coins and Money under the Roman Republic, London 1985. Duncan-Jones, R. Money and Government in the Roman Empire, Cambridge 1994. Foss C., Roman Historical Coins, London 1990. Fox J., Roman Coins and How to Collect Them, London 1983. Giacosa G., Women of the Caesars, Milan. Harl K.W., Coinage in the Roman Economy, Baltimore 1996. Harlan M., Roman Republican Moneyers and Their Coins 63-49BC, London 1995. Hill P.V., The Monuments of Ancient Rome as Coin Types, London 1989. Reece R., Identifying Roman Coins, London 1986. Sear D.R., The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperatores 49-27BC, London 1998. Thomsen R., Early Roman Coinage, Copenhagen 1974. Thurlow B.K. & Vecchi I.G., Italian Cast Coinage, Italian Aes Grave, London 1979.
Journal Articles
Bruun P., 'The Source Value of Imperial Coin Portraits (the fourth century A.D.)', Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Numismatics1982, 551-9. Burnett A.M., Craddock P.T., Preston K., 'New Light on the Origins of Orichalcum', Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Numismatics 1982, 263-8. Burnett A., The Currency of Italy from the Hannibalic War to the Reign of Augustus', Annali dell' Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 1982, 125-37. Burnett A.M., 'Clipped Siliquae and the End of Roman Britain', Britannia1984, 163-8. Burnett A.M., 'The Iconography of Roman Coin Types', NC 146 (1986) 67-75.
Burnett A.M., 'The Beginnings of Roman Coinage', Annali dell' Istituto Italiano di Numismatica, 36 (1989) 33-64. Buttrey T.V.,' On the Retariffing of the Roman Denarius', ANSMN 7 (1957) 57-65. Buttrey T.V., 'The Denarii of P. Crepusius and Roman Republican Mint Organization', ANSMN 21 (1976) 67-108. Buttrey T.V., 'Calculating Ancient Coin Production: Facts and Fantasies', Numismatic Chronicle (1993) 335-51. Carson R.A.G., 'The Date of the Capture of Valerian I', Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Numismatics 1982, 461-5. Cody J., 'Stylistic Trends in the Representation of Godesses on the Roman Republican Coinage', Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Numismatics 1982, 283-8. Cope L.H., 'The Metallurgical Analysis of Roman Imperial Silver and AesCoinage', in Methods of Chemical and Metallurgical Investigation of Ancient Coinage ed. Hall E.T. & Metcalf D.W., RNS special publ. 1972, pp.1-47. Cope L.H., 'Surface-Silvered Ancient Coins', in Methods of Chemical and Metallurgical Investigation of Ancient Coinage ed. Hall E.T. & Metcalf D.W., RNS special publ. 1972, pp.261-78. Crawford M.H., 'The coinage of the Age of Sulla', NC (1964) 141- 58. Crawford M.H., 'Plated Coins - False Coins', NC (1968) 55-9. Duncan-Jones R.P., 'The Currency of Italy from the Hannibalic War to the Reign of Augustus', Annali dell' Istituto Italiano di Numismatica, 29 (1982) 125-37. Ehrhardt C.T.H.R., 'Roman Coin Types and the Roman Public', Jahrbuch für Nimismatik und Geldgeschichte 34 (1984) 41-54. Kenyon R.F., 'The Countermark PROB on Coins of Claudius I from Britain', NC 148 (1988) 53-61. Kleiner D.E.E., 'Politics and Gender in the Pictorial Propaganda of Antony and Octavian', Echos du Monde Classique 11 (1992) 357-67. Mattingly H.B., 'New Light on the Roman Victoriate', in Kraay C.M. & Jenkins G.K., Essays in Greek Coinage Presented to Stanley Robinson, 1968, pp210-28. Mattingly H.B., The Management of the Roman Republican Mint', Annali dell' Istituto Italiano di Numismatica 1982, 9-46. Metcalf W.E., 'The Flavians in the East' Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Numismatics 1982, 321-39. Millar F., 'The Aerarium and its Officials', JRS 1964.
Newman R., 'A Dialogue of Power in the Coinage of Antony and Octavian', AJN 2 (1990) 37-63. Ramage E., 'Denigration of Predecessors under Claudius, Galba and Vespasian', Historia 1983, 200-14. Reece R., 'Economic History from Roman Site-Finds', Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Numismatics 1982, 495-502. Shotter D.C.A., 'The Principate of Nero: Some Observations on the Coin Evidence', Historia 1983. 216-26.
Sutherland C.H.R., 'Early Imperial Mints in the Western Provinces: The Direction of Coin Types', Numismatica e Antichita Classiche 12 (1983) 151-7. Tyler P., 'Analyses of Mid-Third Century Roman Antoniniani as Historical Evidence', in Methods of Chemical and Metallurgical Investigation of Ancient Coinage ed. Hall E.T., & Metcalf D.W., RNS special publ. 1972, pp.249-60. Wallace-Hadrill R., 'Image and Authority in the Coinage of Augustus', JRS 1986, 66-87.
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2020.08.02 10:57 qldmaroon7 Match Thread: Newcastle Jets vs Western United (2019/20 A-League - The PPF/The 27 in 34)

NEWCASTLE JETS 1-0 WESTERN UNITED
Newcastle Jets Goalscorers: Roy O'Donovan (29')
Western United Goalscorers:
Competition: 2019/20 Hyundai A-League Regular Season (The PPF/The 27 in 34)
Venue: McDonald Jones Stadium, Newcastle, NSW
Date: Sunday, August 2nd, 2020
Kickoff: 7:30pm AEST
Referee: Alex King
Attendance: 2,570 (Capacity: 33,000 - COVID Capacity: 8,250)
TV Broadcast: Fox Sports 507 (AUS) & Sky Sport 7 (NZ)
Streams: Kayo Sports & My Football Live App
Matchtracker Link: Fox Sports
Post-COVID League Form Guide
NEWCASTLE W D Last Match: 0-0 @ Central Coast Mariners
WESTERN UNITED W Last Match: 2-1 "@" Melbourne Victory
Last Time They Met: NEW 3-0 WUN February 1st, 2020
Ladder Positions: 9th vs 7th
Lineups (note: both sides allowed to make up to five substitutions)
NEWCASTLE JETS
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Lewis Italiano (GK) Noah James (GK)
Nikolai Topor-Stanley Joe Ledley 60'
Nigel Boogaard 71' Kosta Petratos 82'
Johnny Koutroumbis Abdiel Arroyo 60'
Jason Hoffman Lucas Mauragis
Connor O'Toole 82' Yerasimakis Petratos 82'
Angus Thurgate 60' Dimitrios Petratos 53'
Nick Fitzgerald 60'
Steven Ugarkovic 81'
Bernie Ibini 53'
Roy O'Donovan 29', 82' Manager: Carl Robinson
 
WESTERN UNITED
Starting Eleven Notes Substitutes Notes
Filip Kurto (GK) Ryan Scott (GK)
Tomislav Uskok Jonathan Aspropotamitis
Andrew Durante 90' Aaron Calver
Tomoki Imai Dylan Pierias 78'
Josh Risdon 78' Jerry Skotadis 59', 62'
Connor Pain Valentino Yuel 75'
Sebastian Pasquali 59' Patrick Antelmi
Steven Lustica
Alessandro Diamanti 75'
Besart Berisha
Max Burgess Manager: Mark Rudan
Commentary
-30' Three valuable points are on the line as the Newcastle Jets host Western United at McDonald Jones Stadium. Despite picking up four points in their first two games since the restart, the Jets are still six points outside the top six with two games to go, so anything short of a win will officially knock them out of finals contention. Western United are only two points better off, but they have three games in hand on sixth-placed Adelaide.
-2' Teams make their way out.
1' Western United kick-off and we are underway.
14' O'Donovan brings down Durante with a forearm to the head. The referee stops play in order for Durante to receive attention.
16' O'Donovan attempts a bicycle kick for goal, but it comes off the United defence for a corner.
26' Diamanti gets the pass off to Pain, who takes a shot on goal, only to be denied by Italiano.
28' Ibini is in the right place as he rises up to meet the cross, but his header narrowly misses goal.
29' NEW 1-0 WUN GOAL - Hoffman crosses the ball into the box, as O'Donovan gets in front of Durante and heads the ball into the bottom left corner.
31' Pain threads the ball through to Berisha, who taps it past Italiano and into the goal, but the celebrations are short-lived as the offside flag is raised.
33' It looks like Ibini may be done for the night, as he looks to have a hamstring strain.
39' Diamanti fires a free-kick straight into the wall.
45' Ibini, having stayed on, has a shot and goes just wide of the mark.
45' O'Donovan, looking for a double, manages to beat Kurto, only to hit the outside of the post.
45' Two minutes of stoppage time to end the first half.
HT NEWCASTLE JETS 1-0 WESTERN UNITED
46' The second half is underway.
52' Diamanti is down behind play after a head clash. He is receiving attention on the ground.
53' The Jets make their first change of the match as Ibini makes way for Dimi Petratos.
57' O'Donovan is brought down near the sideline by Uskok. He appeals for a free-kick, but the referee doesn't budge.
59' Western United make their first change, with Pasquali coming off and Skotadis running on.
60' The Jets make a double change, with Fitzgerald first making way for Arroyo.
60' And Thurgate also comes off to be replaced by Ledely.
62' Skotadis has not been on for long, but long enough to earn a yellow card for a clumsy challenge.
68' Burgess has a go off his left foot and the shot is easily taken by Italiano.
71' Boogaard barrels into Berisha in the middle of the ground and is awarded a yellow card.
75' Western United make their second change as Diamanti comes off for Yuel.
78' United make their third, and what will be their final change, with Risdon making way for Pierias.
81' Ugarkovic brings down Burgess and instantly goes into the ref's book.
82' Final changes for the Jets, as O'Toole comes off for Yerasimakis Petratos' Jets debut.
82' And O'Donovan comes off as Kosta Petratos comes on to complete the Petratos triple act.
90' Durante brings down Arroyo in the middle of the ground and is awarded a yellow card.
90' Western United will have four minutes of added time to try and find an equaliser.
90+2' Burgess crosses the ball into the box, but he can't get it right as Italiano is able to make the save.
90+4' The three Petratos brothers combine as Makis fires a shot on goal, forcing Kurto to push it away.
FT NEWCASTLE JETS 1-0 WESTERN UNITED
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2020.07.28 10:58 kimayaachrekar0410 ALL ABOUT BANNED INSTAGRAM HASHTAGS

Yes, Instagram #BannedIt. Instagram’s next big power move over fake activity and spam accounts is there and they turned their attention to hashtags. Over the year 2020, Instagram has slowly been building a “hit list” of hashtags that are being banned across the app. Any posts involving these hashtags are hidden from hashtag searches and explore pages, and the list continues to grow. More and more users and brands are starting to see the harmful effects of these banned Instagram hashtags.
With the rise of fake accounts, spammers, and bots booming over the past few years, Instagram is stepping in and restricting them by this action. This has been big for all Digital Agencies In Mumbai & their working brands with their changing algorithms and platform updates. In their efforts to implement strategies to protect the app’s authenticity, Instagram’s bot detection has started flagging accounts as spam if they use certain hashtags.
Hashtags are the best way to surf the app for new and relevant content, and the same is said for the company’s trying to raise engagement and gain new followers. However, what a lot of company’s don’t know is if you use the incorrect hashtags, it could hurt your engagement and your Instagram account as a whole.
A quick overview of Banned Instagram Hashtags 2020:
Why are some common, potentially harmless, hashtags banned?
For example, #happythanksgiving was temporarily banned for the current year. It produced a large amount of spam. Instagram has put specific methods into place to stop the reach of spammy Instagram accounts, as many hashtags can do. Although some of these bans are for a short time, it’s adequate to reframe from using them altogether. Search hashtags that are still common and will envoke high engagement, but isn’t on the list of banned Instagram hashtags below.
What could happen if I use banned Instagram hashtags in 2019?
The frequent use of banned hashtags causing Instagram’s bot-finding algorithms to flag to your account. For instance, if you use the hashtag #happythanksgiving, not only will your content most likely not show up for that hashtag, you might be flagged for spam. More flags could lead to shadow banning or account removal. Shadowbanning is somewhat secret, meaning a lot of users will not even know its happening. If you look at your weekly or monthly engagement reports and notice your content is getting fewer likes and comments, or aren’t showing in hashtag searches at all, you might be shadowbanned.
We are A Social Media Marketing Agency In Mumbai, Empower your brand with 360° marketing solutions We are helping in growing business since 8+ years
Common banned Instagram hashtags 2020:
#adultlife
#adulting
#alone
#always
#americangirl
#armparty
#asia
#attractive
#assday
#ass
#assworship
#abc7ny
#abcess
#abdl
#addmysc
#afourchamberedheart
#africanexpeditions
#agariogaming
#akiralane
#allbreasts
#amearalavey
#animenoobs
#asiangirl
#audaciousprayer
B
#beautyblogger
#beautydirectory
#besties
#brain
#babe
#bbc
#bikinibody
#boho
#books
#beyonce
C
#costumes
#cpr
#curvy
#curvygirls
D
#desk
#direct
#dm
#date
#dating
#dadylove
#dogsofinstagram
E
#eggplant
#elevator
#easter
#edm
F
#fitnessgirls
#fishnets
#followforfollow
G
#goddess
#girlsonly
#gloves
#graffitiigers
H
#happythanksgiving
#hardworkpaysoff
#hawks
#hotweather
#humpday
#hustler
I
#ig
#ilovemyinstagram
#instababy
#instasport
#instamood
#iphonegraphy
#italiano
J
K
#killingit
#kansas
#kissing
#kickoff
L
#l4l
#leaves
#lingerie
#like
#likeback
#likeforlike
#livinforalivin
#loseweight
#lulu
#lean
M
#master
#milf
#mileycyrus
#mirrorphoto
#models
#mustfollow
N
#nasty
#newyears
#newyearsday
O
#overnight
#orderweedonline
#outdoorbirth
P
#parties
#petite
#pornfood
#popular
#pushups
#prettygirl
#publicrelations
#puppydogmondays
Q
#qatar
#quadveins
R
#rate
#ravens
S
#samelove
#selfharm
#skateboarding
#skype
#snap
#snapchat
#single
#singlelife
#stranger
#saltwater
#shower
#shit
#sallyhansen
#sopretty
#sunbathing
#streetphoto
#stud
#swole
#snowstorm
T
#tanlines
#tgif
#todayimwearing
#treasurethesemoments
#teens
#teen
#thought
#tag4like
#tagsforlikes
#thighs
U
#undies
V
#valentinesday
W
#woman
#womancrushwednesday
#women
#workflow
#wtf
X
#xxx
#xanax
#xenociteclad
Y
#yochale
#youngmodel
#your_sinful_memory
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